Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
//
//
// hello.44.led.c
// Shino Onodera
// 2016.03.30
//
// 115200 baud FTDI character echo, with flash string
//
// set lfuse to 0x5E for 20 MHz xtal
//
//
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <util/delay.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>
#define output(directions,pin) (directions |= pin) // set port direction for output
#define set(port,pin) (port |= pin) // set port pin
#define clear(port,pin) (port &= (‾pin)) // clear port pin
#define pin_test(pins,pin) (pins & pin) // test for port pin
#define bit_test(byte,bit) (byte & (1 << bit)) // test for bit set
#define bit_delay_time 8.5 // bit delay for 115200 with overhead
#define bit_delay() _delay_us(bit_delay_time) // RS232 bit delay
#define half_bit_delay() _delay_us(bit_delay_time/2) // RS232 half bit delay
#define char_delay() _delay_ms(5) // char delay
#define led_delay()_delay_ms(100) // LED blink
#define serial_port PORTA
#define serial_direction DDRA
#define serial_pins PINA
#define serial_pin_in (1 << PA0)
#define serial_pin_out (1 << PA1)
#define led_port PORTA
#define led_direction DDRA
#define led_pin (1 << PA2)
#define max_buffer 25
void get_char(volatile unsigned char *pins, unsigned char pin, char *rxbyte) {
//
// read character into rxbyte on pins pin
// assumes line driver (inverts bits)
//
*rxbyte = 0;
while (pin_test(*pins,pin))
//
// wait for start bit
//
;
//
// delay to middle of first data bit
//
half_bit_delay();
bit_delay();
//
// unrolled loop to read data bits
//
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 0);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 0);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 1);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 1);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 2);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 2);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 3);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 3);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 4);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 4);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 5);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 5);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 6);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 6);
bit_delay();
if pin_test(*pins,pin)
*rxbyte |= (1 << 7);
else
*rxbyte |= (0 << 7);
//
// wait for stop bit
//
bit_delay();
half_bit_delay();
}
void put_char(volatile unsigned char *port, unsigned char pin, char txchar) {
//
// send character in txchar on port pin
// assumes line driver (inverts bits)
//
// start bit
//
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
//
// unrolled loop to write data bits
//
if bit_test(txchar,0)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,1)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,2)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,3)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,4)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,5)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,6)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
if bit_test(txchar,7)
set(*port,pin);
else
clear(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
//
// stop bit
//
set(*port,pin);
bit_delay();
//
// char delay
//
bit_delay();
}
void put_string(volatile unsigned char *port, unsigned char pin, char *str) {
//
// print a null-terminated string
//
static int index;
index = 0;
do {
put_char(port, pin, str[index]);
++index;
} while (str[index] != 0);
}
void blink() {
static int i;
i = 0;
while(i < 10) {
set(led_port, led_pin);
led_delay();
clear(led_port, led_pin);
led_delay();
i++;
}
}
int main(void) {
//
// main
//
static char chr;
static char buffer[max_buffer] = {0};
static int index;
//
// set clock divider to /1
//
CLKPR = (1 << CLKPCE);
CLKPR = (0 << CLKPS3) | (0 << CLKPS2) | (0 << CLKPS1) | (0 << CLKPS0);
//
// initialize output pins
//
set(serial_port, serial_pin_out);
output(serial_direction, serial_pin_out);
//
// main loop
//
index = 0;
while (1) {
get_char(&serial_pins, serial_pin_in, &chr);
buffer[index++] = chr;
if (chr =='t')
{
put_string(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, "Traffic cone!");
index = 0;
blink();
put_char(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, 10); // new line
}
else
{
put_string(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, "hmm...");
index = 0;
put_string(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, buffer);
put_string(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, "? ( )raffic cone?");
put_char(&serial_port, serial_pin_out, 10); // new line
}
}
}
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.