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Python实现QQ机器人
目前网上有不少的实现QQ机器人的方法,都不太稳定甚至都已经失效了,而且我们还要冒着QQ号被盗用的风险。其实我们可以自己实现一个QQ自动应答的机器人,思路非常简单:通过模拟登录3G版QQ,来实现相关的操作:
一、首先我们得看看3GQQ的相关协议
为此,我们需要一个支持WAP的浏览器,可以使用Firefox的wmlbrowser插件,打开FF后,访问地址:https://addons.mozilla.org/zh-CN/firefox/search/?q=wmlbrowser&cat=all&x=17&y=11
二、进入3GQQ的进行协议分析
3GQQ的地址是:http://pt.3g.qq.com/s?aid=nLogin3gqq 用安装了wmlbrowser插件的FF打开页面后,启用firebug,即可监视提交的数据。
三、源代码
以下源代码只实现了登陆和收发消息,如果需要更多的功能,可通过上面的方法自己监视协议即可,若你开发了更多的功能,可留言告诉我,一起完善该程序:
*注:代码中的HTTP请求写了2个版本的,若要采用pycurl的版本,请到http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/下载对应的pycurl库。
#coding:utf-8
#基于python2.6版本开发
import httplib,urllib,os,threading,re
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf8')
class PYQQ:
def __init__(self):
self.reqIndex = 0
#HTTP请求
def httpRequest(self,method,url,data={}):
try:
_urld = httplib.urlsplit(url)
conn = httplib.HTTPConnection(_urld.netloc,80,True,3)
conn.connect()
data = urllib.urlencode(data)
if method=='get':
conn.putrequest("GET", url, None)
conn.putheader("Content-Length",'0')
elif method=='post':
conn.putrequest("POST", url)
conn.putheader("Content-Length", str(len(data)))
conn.putheader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded")
conn.putheader("Connection", "close")
conn.endheaders()
if len(data)>0:
conn.send(data)
f = conn.getresponse()
self.httpBody = f.read().encode('gbk')
f.close()
conn.close()
except:
self.httpBody=''
return self.httpBody
#HTTP请求的pycurl版本,和上面的程序选一即可
def httpRequest_(self,method,url,data={}):
import pycurl,StringIO
c = pycurl.Curl()
c.setopt(pycurl.URL,url)
if method=='post':
import urllib
c.setopt(c.POSTFIELDS, urllib.urlencode(data))
c.fp = StringIO.StringIO()
c.setopt(pycurl.WRITEFUNCTION,c.fp.write)
c.perform()
self.httpBody = c.fp.getvalue().encode('gbk')
del c.fp
c.close()
c = None
return self.httpBody
#通过首尾获取字符串的内容
def getCon(self,start,end):
findex = self.httpBody.find(start)
if findex == -1 : return None
tmp = self.httpBody.split(start)
eindex = tmp[1].find(end)
if eindex == -1:
return tmp[1][0:]
else:
return tmp[1][0:eindex]
#获取postfield的值
def getField(self,fd):
KeyStart = '<postfield name="'+ str(fd) +'" value="'
return self.getCon(KeyStart,'"/>')
#获取登陆验证码,并保存至当前目录的qqcode.gif
def getSafecode(self):
url = self.getCon('<img src="','"')
import urllib2
pager = urllib2.urlopen(url)
data=pager.read()
file=open(os.getcwd()+'\qqcode.gif','w+b')
file.write(data)
file.close()
return True
#登陆QQ
def login(self):
self.qq = raw_input('请输入QQ号:')
self.pwd = raw_input('请输入密码:')
s1Back = self.httpRequest('post','http://pt.3g.qq.com/handleLogin',{'r':'324525157','qq':self.qq,'pwd':self.pwd,'toQQchat':'true','q_from':'','modifySKey':0,'loginType':1})
if s1Back.find('请输入验证码')!=-1:
self.sid = self.getField('sid')
self.hexpwd = self.getField('hexpwd')
self.extend = self.getField('extend')
self.r_sid = self.getField('r_sid')
self.rip = self.getField('rip')
if self.getSafecode():
self.safeCode = raw_input('请输入验证码(本文件同目录的qqcode.gif):')
else:
print '验证码加载错误'
postData = {'sid':self.sid,'qq':self.qq,'hexpwd':self.hexpwd,'hexp':'true','auto':'0',
'logintitle':'手机腾讯网','q_from':'','modifySKey':'0','q_status':'10',
'r':'271','loginType':'1','prev_url':'10','extend':self.extend,'r_sid':self.r_sid,
'bid_code':'','bid':'-1','toQQchat':'true','rip':self.rip,'verify':self.safeCode,
}
s1Back = self.httpRequest('post','http://pt.3g.qq.com/handleLogin',postData)
self.sid = self.getCon('sid=','&')
print '登陆成功'
self.getMsgFun()
#定时获取消息
def getMsgFun(self):
self.reqIndex = self.reqIndex + 1
s2Back = self.httpRequest('get','http://q32.3g.qq.com/g/s?aid=nqqchatMain&sid='+self.sid)
if s2Back.find('alt="聊天"/>(')!=-1:
#有新消息,请求获取消息页面
s3back = self.httpRequest('get','http://q32.3g.qq.com/g/s?sid='+ self.sid + '&aid=nqqChat&saveURL=0&r=1310115753&g_f=1653&on=1')
#消息发起者的昵称
if s3back.find('title="临时会话')!=-1:
_fromName = '临时对话'
else:
_fromName = self.getCon('title="与','聊天')
#消息发起者的QQ号
_fromQQ = self.getCon('num" value="','"/>')
#消息内容
_msg_tmp = self.getCon('saveURL=0">提示</a>)','<input name="msg"')
crlf = '\n'
if _msg_tmp.find('\r\n')!=-1: crlf = '\r\n'
_msg = re.findall(r'(.+)<br/>'+ crlf +'(.+)<br/>',_msg_tmp)
for _data in _msg:
self.getMsg({'qq':_fromQQ,'nick':_fromName,'time':_data[0],'msg':str(_data[1]).strip()})
if self.reqIndex>=30:
#保持在线
_url = 'http://pt5.3g.qq.com/s?aid=nLogin3gqqbysid&3gqqsid='+self.sid
self.httpRequest('get',_url)
self.reqIndex = 0
t = threading.Timer(2.0,self.getMsgFun)
t.start()
#发送消息
#qq 目标QQ
#msg 发送内容
def sendMsgFun(self,qq,msg):
msg = unicode(msg,'gbk').encode('utf8')
postData = {'sid':self.sid,'on':'1','saveURL':'0','saveURL':'0','u':qq,'msg':str(msg),}
s1Back = self.httpRequest('post','http://q16.3g.qq.com/g/s?sid='+ self.sid +'&aid=sendmsg&tfor=qq',postData)
print '发送消息给',qq,'成功'
#收到消息的接口,重载或重写该方法
def getMsg(self,data):
print data['time'],"收到",data['nick'],"(",data['qq'],")的新消息"
self.sendMsgFun(data['qq'],data['nick']+',我收到了你的消息:'+ data['msg'])
QQ = PYQQ()
QQ.login()
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