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Google App Script to insert data to a google spreadsheet via POST or GET - updated version as per https://mashe.hawksey.info/2014/07/google-sheets-as-a-database-insert-with-apps-script-using-postget-methods-with-ajax-example/
/*
Copyright 2011 Martin Hawksey
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
// Usage
// 1. Enter sheet name where data is to be written below
var SHEET_NAME = "Form responses 1";
// 2. Run > setup
//
// 3. Publish > Deploy as web app
// - enter Project Version name and click 'Save New Version'
// - set security level and enable service (most likely execute as 'me' and access 'anyone, even anonymously)
//
// 4. Copy the 'Current web app URL' and post this in your form/script action
//
// 5. Insert column names on your destination sheet matching the parameter names of the data you are passing in (exactly matching case)
var SCRIPT_PROP = PropertiesService.getScriptProperties(); // new property service
// If you don't want to expose either GET or POST methods you can comment out the appropriate function
function doGet(e){
return handleResponse(e);
}
function doPost(e){
return handleResponse(e);
}
function handleResponse(e) {
// shortly after my original solution Google announced the LockService[1]
// this prevents concurrent access overwritting data
// [1] http://googleappsdeveloper.blogspot.co.uk/2011/10/concurrency-and-google-apps-script.html
// we want a public lock, one that locks for all invocations
var lock = LockService.getPublicLock();
lock.waitLock(30000); // wait 30 seconds before conceding defeat.
try {
var action = e.parameter.action;
if (action == 'create') {
return create(e);
} else if (action == 'retrieve') {
return retrieve(e);
} else if (action == 'update') {
return update(e);
} else if (action == 'delete') {
return del(e);
}
} catch(e){
// if error return this
return ContentService
.createTextOutput(JSON.stringify({"result":"error", "error": e}))
.setMimeType(ContentService.MimeType.JSON);
} finally { //release lock
lock.releaseLock();
}
}
function getDataArr(headers, e){
var row = [];
// loop through the header columns
for (i in headers){
if (headers[i] == "Timestamp"){ // special case if you include a 'Timestamp' column
row.push(new Date());
} else { // else use header name to get data
row.push(e.parameter[headers[i]]);
}
}
return row;
}
function create(e) {
// next set where we write the data - you could write to multiple/alternate destinations
var doc = SpreadsheetApp.openById(SCRIPT_PROP.getProperty("key"));
var sheet = doc.getSheetByName(SHEET_NAME);
// we'll assume header is in row 1 but you can override with header_row in GET/POST data
var headRow = e.parameter.header_row || 1;
var numColumns = sheet.getLastColumn();
var headers = sheet.getRange(1, 1, 1, numColumns).getValues()[0];
var nextRow = sheet.getLastRow()+1; // get next row
var row = getDataArr(headers, e);
// more efficient to set values as [][] array than individually
sheet.getRange(nextRow, 1, 1, row.length).setValues([row]);
// return json success results
return ContentService
.createTextOutput(JSON.stringify({"result":"success", "row": nextRow}))
.setMimeType(ContentService.MimeType.JSON);
}
function retrieve(e) {
var doc = SpreadsheetApp.openById(SCRIPT_PROP.getProperty("key"));
var sheet = doc.getSheetByName(SHEET_NAME);
var numRows = sheet.getLastRow();
var numColumns = sheet.getLastColumn();
var range = sheet.getRange(1, 1, numRows, numColumns);
var values = range.getValues();
return ContentService
.createTextOutput(JSON.stringify({"result":"success", "values": values}))
.setMimeType(ContentService.MimeType.JSON);
}
function update(e) {
var doc = SpreadsheetApp.openById(SCRIPT_PROP.getProperty("key"));
var sheet = doc.getSheetByName(SHEET_NAME);
var numColumns = sheet.getLastColumn();
var headers = sheet.getRange(1, 1, 1, numColumns).getValues()[0];
var row = getDataArr(headers, e);
var rowId = e.parameter.rowId;
// more efficient to set values as [][] array than individually
sheet.getRange(rowId, 1, 1, numColumns).setValues([row]);
// return json success results
return ContentService
.createTextOutput(JSON.stringify({"result":"success", "row": rowId}))
.setMimeType(ContentService.MimeType.JSON);
}
// Todo
function del(e) {
}
function setup() {
var doc = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();
SCRIPT_PROP.setProperty("key", doc.getId());
}
@pizzedmeoff

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pizzedmeoff commented May 8, 2016

i have a question, how do i post data to sheet2 using this method ( from a bot for a game ) this is my post command to sheet1
ive tried Sheet2 with no luck

post "XXXKEYURLXXXX/exec" {delete:"LordName", SheetName:"Sheet1", LordName:player.playerInfo.userName, Alliance:player.playerInfo.alliance, yada yada}
echo $result

Sheet2
im not getting anything to post what so ever with the above cmd as
post "XXXKEYURLXXXX/exec" {delete:"LordName", SheetName:"Sheet3", LordName:player.playerInfo.userName, Alliance:player.playerInfo.alliance, yada yada}
echo $result

i have multiple sheets i need to manage current data in

@souparno

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Owner Author

souparno commented Dec 12, 2018

some of the apis might be outdated, you can try from this example https://github.com/souparno/google-sheet-database

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