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Utility for making Flatpak-installed apps available in the terminal through their normal command names
#!/usr/bin/env python3
"""Flatpak CLI Shortcut Generator
A simple no-argument tool that generates launchers with traditional non-flatpak
command names for your installed Flatpak applications in ~/.local/bin/flatpak.
Does full collision detection and warns you if you forgot to add its output
directory to your PATH. Also overrules the command-line specified in the
``.desktop`` file if the Flatpak maintainer didn't include support for
command-line arguments.
Also includes some built-in mappings to compensate for the less desirable
launcher/wrapper names some Flatpak packages use.
Dependencies:
- Python 3.8+
- PyGobject (eg. python3-gi)
- Glib and Gio 2.0 with GIR bindings (eg. gir1.2-glib-2.0)
- Flatpak 1.0 GIR binding (eg. gir1.2-flatpak-1.0)
Known shortcomings:
* Doesn't recognize file:// URLs and `@@u` wrap them yet.
* Doesn't try parsing `--foo=/bar/baz` to find paths that need
`--file-forwarding`, so use `--foo /bar/baz` instead.
* Still need to look into the best way to query the set of `.desktop` files
installed by Things like OpenRA so I don't need to *manually* amend the
`EXTRA_COMMANDS` list in cases involving secondary GUI apps.
* Uses the sledgehammer approach of just removing all non-folders from the
target directory before generating new launchers to clear out stale entries.
(A proper solution would keep track of which ones it created, but that'd
require me to go back and implement detection of all prior versions which
don't have a specific marker.)
* Doesn't solve the problem of flatpaks still not installing manpages
MIT License
Copyright (c) 2021-2022 Stephan Sokolow (deitarion/SSokolow)
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.
"""
import re, shlex
from distutils.spawn import find_executable
import os.path
from typing import Dict, List
import gi # type: ignore
gi.require_version('Flatpak', '1.0')
gi.require_version('Gio', '2.0')
gi.require_version('GLib', '2.0')
from gi.repository import Flatpak, Gio, GLib # type: ignore
#: Add this to the end of your $PATH
BIN_DIR = os.path.expanduser("~/.local/bin/flatpak")
#: If True, lowercase retrieved command names like `Fritzing` and `SweetHome3D`
#: before using them as launcher names to make commands easier to type.
FORCE_LOWERCASE_CMDS = True
#: Strip the specified extensions from the extracted command name,
#: removing the need to special-case retrieved command names like `86Box.sh`
STRIP_SCRIPT_EXTS = ['.sh', '.js', '.py', '.pl', '.rb']
#: If True and the command's name matches the reverse DNS "ref", take only the
#: final component as the command name, removing the need to special-case
#: command names like `com.github.tchx84.Flatseal`. Will be applied after
#: `STRIP_SCRIPT_EXTS`.
STRIP_REVERSE_DNS = True
#: If not None, strip `_wrapper` or `-wrapper` from the end of the command
#: name, removing the need to special-case retrieved command names like
#: `scummvm_wrapper`. This will be applied after `STRIP_SCRIPT_EXTS`.
#:
#: Will be applied after `STRIP_SCRIPT_EXTS` and `STRIP_REVERSE_DNS`
STRIP_WRAPPER_SUFFIX = re.compile("[_-]wrapper$", re.IGNORECASE)
#: Remappings for flatpak packages that use less-than-ideal command names
CMD_REMAPPINGS = {
'io.github.simple64.simple64': 'simple64', # gui-wrapper.sh
'org.jdownloader.JDownloader': 'jdownloader', # jd-wrapper
'org.ppsspp.PPSSPP': 'ppsspp', # PPSSPPDL
'org.purei.Play': 'play_emu', # Collides with SoX's `play`
}
#: Secondary commands to expose
EXTRA_CMDS = {
"com.github.AmatCoder.mednaffe": ['mednafen'],
'net.openra.OpenRA': ['openra-cnc', 'openra-d2k'],
"org.atheme.audacious": ['audtool'],
}
#: Paths to check for .desktop files, since ``Gio.DesktopAppInfo.new`` doesn't
FLATPAK_DESKTOP_FILE_PATHS = (
'/var/lib/flatpak/exports/share/applications',
os.path.expanduser('~/.local/share/flatpak/exports/share/applications')
)
#: The template for generating wrapper scripts.
#: (Uses Python's ``.format``, so escape { and } as {{ and }}
#:
#: Uses bash for the wrapper script because I need to iterate an array
#: and conditionally rewrite arguments and the Python interpreter is an
#: order of magnitude slower to start.
WRAPPER_TEMPLATE = """#!/bin/bash
# AUTOGENERATED FILE! DO NOT EDIT!
# Unset LD_PRELOAD to silence errors about gtk-nocsd being
# missing from the Flatpak runtime
unset LD_PRELOAD
# Make arguments that are existing paths absolute
# and wrap them in the appropriate type of --file-forwarding
# wrapper tokens.
# (Necessary to make forwarding work reliably)
declare -a args
for arg in "$@"; do
if [ -a "$arg" ]; then
args+=("{fwd_wrap_start}")
args+=("$(readlink -f "$arg")")
args+=("@@")
else
args+=("$arg")
fi
done
# Use file forwarding to make paths Just Work™
exec {flatpak_cmd}
"""
# Regex to match the argument type in a .desktop file so it can be converted
# to the appropriate --file-forwarding marker type
arg_placeholder_re = re.compile("%([uUfF])")
def get_installed_packages() -> Dict[str, str]:
"""Retrieve a dict mapping package names to command names for
installed flatpaks"""
results = {}
for installation in (
Flatpak.Installation.new_system(),
Flatpak.Installation.new_user()):
refs = installation.list_installed_refs_by_kind(
Flatpak.RefKind.APP, None)
for ref in refs:
meta = ref.load_metadata().get_data().decode('utf8')
keyfile = GLib.KeyFile.new()
keyfile.load_from_data(meta, len(meta), GLib.KeyFileFlags.NONE)
command = keyfile.get_string('Application', 'command').strip()
if command:
results[ref.get_name()] = command
return results
def make_flatpak_cmd(ref: str, extra_args: str = '') -> str:
"""Construct a ``flatpak run`` command for the given arguments
This is used to avoid a needless indirection from calling the existing
wrappers just to add things like `--file-forwarding` handling, and is
preferred over harvesting the `.desktop` file `Exec` lines to avoid the
complications of handling field codes like `%c`.
"""
return (f'flatpak run {extra_args} --file-forwarding '
f'"{ref}" "${{args[@]}}"')
def wants_urls(ref: str) -> bool:
"""Attempt to parse the corresponding `.desktop` file to determine whether
a Flatpak-packaged app expects its `--file-forwarding` arguments as URLs.
Default to `False` on failure.
Command is not actually used to construct the launcher to avoid the
complexities introduced by field codes like `%c`.
"""
for candidate in FLATPAK_DESKTOP_FILE_PATHS:
try:
desktop_file = Gio.DesktopAppInfo.new_from_filename(
os.path.join(candidate, ref + '.desktop'))
if desktop_file:
commandline = desktop_file.get_commandline()
if commandline:
if any(x.lower() == '%u'
for x in shlex.split(commandline)):
return True
except TypeError:
pass
return False
def make_wrapper(flatpak_cmd: str, command: str, bin_dir: str,
wants_urls=False, seen: List[str] = None):
"""Render ``WRAPPER_TEMPLATE`` to a command in the folder ``bin_dir`` and
mark it executable.
If provided, ``extra_args`` will be inserted into the portion of the
``flatpak run`` command before ``run``.
If ``seen`` is not ``None``, use it to detect and reject naming collisions.
Also warn if we're masking existing commands.
"""
command = os.path.basename(command)
out_path = os.path.join(bin_dir, command)
if seen is not None and out_path in seen:
print(f'ERROR: Wrapper name "{out_path}" was already claimed and '
f'could not be mapped to "{flatpak_cmd}". Please add a '
f' CMD_REMAPPINGS entry.')
return
existing = find_executable(command)
with open(out_path, 'w') as fobj:
fobj.write(WRAPPER_TEMPLATE.format(
flatpak_cmd=flatpak_cmd,
fwd_wrap_start="@@u" if wants_urls else "@@"))
os.chmod(out_path, os.stat(out_path).st_mode | 0o755)
if seen is not None:
seen.append(out_path)
if existing:
msg = (f'WARNING: Command "{command}" already exists in your PATH at '
f'"{existing}".')
winner = find_executable(command)
if winner == existing:
print(msg + f' The Flatpak wrapper will be inaccessible.')
else:
print(msg + f' The Flatpak wrapper will mask access to it.')
def prepare_cmd_name(command: str, ref: str) -> str:
"""Apply configured transformations to derive the best command name"""
# Strip things like `86Box.sh` down to `86Box`
cmd_base, ext = os.path.splitext(command)
if ext.lower() in STRIP_SCRIPT_EXTS:
command = cmd_base
# Strip things like `com.github.tchx84.Flatseal` down to `Flatseal`
#
# TODO: If the last component is `Launcher` or `Wrapper`, then take the
# next component and join them with a dash. This hasn't proved necessary
# yet but, if `org.solarus_games.solarus.Launcher` hadn't used
# `solarus-launcher` as its command name, it could have been.
if STRIP_REVERSE_DNS and command.lower() == ref.lower():
command = command.rsplit('.')[-1]
# Force things like `SweetHome3D` to `sweethome3d` for easier typing
if FORCE_LOWERCASE_CMDS:
command = command.lower()
# Remove `_wrapper` or `-wrapper` from names like `scummvm_wrapper`
if STRIP_WRAPPER_SUFFIX:
command = STRIP_WRAPPER_SUFFIX.sub('', command)
# Allow manually overriding all previous transformations
command = CMD_REMAPPINGS.get(ref, command)
return command
def main():
"""setuptools-compatible entry point"""
# Ensure BIN_DIR exists and remove any stale launch scripts
if not os.path.exists(BIN_DIR):
os.makedirs(BIN_DIR)
for name in os.listdir(BIN_DIR):
path = os.path.join(BIN_DIR, name)
if os.path.isfile(path):
os.remove(path)
print(f"Getting list of installed application/non-runtime packages...")
added = []
for (ref, command) in get_installed_packages().items():
print(f"Generating wrapper for {ref}...")
command = prepare_cmd_name(command, ref)
takes_urls = wants_urls(ref)
make_wrapper(make_flatpak_cmd(ref), command, BIN_DIR,
wants_urls=takes_urls, seen=added)
if ref in EXTRA_CMDS:
for cmd in EXTRA_CMDS[ref]:
make_wrapper(make_flatpak_cmd(ref, f"--command={cmd}"),
cmd, BIN_DIR, wants_urls=takes_urls, seen=added)
exec_path = os.environ.get('PATH', '').split(os.pathsep)
try:
bin_dir_idx = exec_path.index(BIN_DIR)
masked = []
for idx, val in enumerate(exec_path):
if idx > bin_dir_idx and not val.startswith('/home'):
masked.append(val)
if masked:
print(f"WARNING: {BIN_DIR} has a higher precendence than these"
f" paths in your PATH. This may present a security risk by"
f" allowing flatpaks to override trusted system commands:"
"\n\t" + '\n\t'.join(masked))
except ValueError:
print(f"WARNING: Could not find {BIN_DIR} in PATH. You will need to "
"add it before you can use the generated launchers.")
if __name__ == '__main__':
main()
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