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Last active Aug 29, 2015
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sr.php
<?php
// Safe Search and Replace on Database with Serialized Data v2.0.0
// This script is to solve the problem of doing database search and replace
// when developers have only gone and used the non-relational concept of
// serializing PHP arrays into single database columns. It will search for all
// matching data on the database and change it, even if it's within a serialized
// PHP array.
// The big problem with serialised arrays is that if you do a normal DB
// style search and replace the lengths get mucked up. This search deals with
// the problem by unserializing and reserializing the entire contents of the
// database you're working on. It then carries out a search and replace on the
// data it finds, and dumps it back to the database. So far it appears to work
// very well. It was coded for our WordPress work where we often have to move
// large databases across servers, but I designed it to work with any database.
// Biggest worry for you is that you may not want to do a search and replace on
// every damn table - well, if you want, simply add some exclusions in the table
// loop and you'll be fine. If you don't know how, you possibly shouldn't be
// using this script anyway.
// To use, simply configure the settings below and off you go. I wouldn't
// expect the script to take more than a few seconds on most machines.
// BIG WARNING! Take a backup first, and carefully test the results of this code.
// If you don't, and you vape your data then you only have yourself to blame.
// Seriously. And if you're English is bad and you don't fully understand the
// instructions then STOP. Right there. Yes. Before you do any damage.
// USE OF THIS SCRIPT IS ENTIRELY AT YOUR OWN RISK. I/We accept no liability from its use.
// First Written 2009-05-25 by David Coveney of Interconnect IT Ltd (UK)
// http://www.davidcoveney.com or http://www.interconnectit.com
// and released under the WTFPL
// ie, do what ever you want with the code, and we take no responsibility for it OK?
// If you don't wish to take responsibility, hire us at Interconnect IT Ltd
// on +44 (0)151 331 5140 and we will do the work for you, but at a cost, minimum 1hr
// To view the WTFPL go to http://sam.zoy.org/wtfpl/ (WARNING: it's a little rude, if you're sensitive)
// Version 2.0.0 - returned to using unserialize function to check if string is serialized or not
// - marked is_serialized_string function as deprecated
// - changed form order to improve usability and make use on multisites a bit less scary
// - changed to version 2, as really should have done when the UI was introduced
// - added a recursive array walker to deal with serialized strings being stored in serialized strings. Yes, really.
// - changes by James R Whitehead (kudos for recursive walker) and David Coveney 2011-08-26
// Version 1.0.2 - typos corrected, button text tweak - David Coveney / Robert O'Rourke
// Version 1.0.1 - styling and form added by James R Whitehead.
// Credits: moz667 at gmail dot com for his recursive_array_replace posted at
// uk.php.net which saved me a little time - a perfect sample for me
// and seems to work in all cases.
/*
Helper functions.
*/
function icit_srdb_form_action( ) {
global $step;
echo basename( __FILE__ ) . '?step=' . intval( $step + 1 );
}
// Used to check the _post tables array
function check_table_array( $table = '' ){
global $all_tables;
return in_array( $table, $all_tables );
}
function icit_srdb_submit( $text = 'Submit', $warning = '' ){
$warning = str_replace( "'", "\'", $warning ); ?>
<input type="submit" class="button" value="<?php echo htmlentities( $text, ENT_QUOTES, 'UTF-8' ); ?>" <?php echo ! empty( $warning ) ? 'onclick="if (confirm(\'' . htmlentities( $warning, ENT_QUOTES, 'UTF-8' ) . '\')){return true;}return false;"' : ''; ?>/> <?php
}
function esc_html_attr( $string = '', $echo = false ){
$output = htmlentities( $string, ENT_QUOTES, 'UTF-8' );
if ( $echo )
echo $output;
else
return $output;
}
function recursive_array_replace( $find, $replace, &$data ) {
if ( is_array( $data ) ) {
foreach ( $data as $key => $value ) {
if ( is_array( $value ) ) {
recursive_array_replace( $find, $replace, $data[ $key ] );
} else {
// have to check if it's string to ensure no switching to string for booleans/numbers/nulls - don't need any nasty conversions
if ( is_string( $value ) )
$data[ $key ] = str_replace( $find, $replace, $value );
}
}
} else {
if ( is_string( $data ) )
$data = str_replace( $find, $replace, $data );
}
}
function recursive_unserialise_replace( $from = '', $to = '', $data = '', $serialised = false ) {
if ( is_string( $data ) && ( $unserialised = @unserialize( $data ) ) !== false ) {
$data = recursive_unserialise_replace( $from, $to, $unserialised, true );
}
elseif ( is_array( $data ) ) {
$_tmp = array( );
foreach ( $data as $key => $value ) {
$_tmp[ $key ] = recursive_unserialise_replace( $from, $to, $value, false );
}
$data = $_tmp;
unset( $_tmp );
}
else {
if ( is_string( $data ) )
$data = str_replace( $from, $to, $data );
}
if ( $serialised )
return serialize( $data );
return $data;
}
function is_serialized_string( $data ) { //this function is now deprecated and not used.
// if it isn't a string, it isn't a serialized string
if ( !is_string( $data ) )
return false;
$data = trim( $data );
if ( preg_match( '/^s:[0-9]+:.*;$/s', $data ) ) // this should fetch all serialized strings
return true;
return false;
}
function icit_srdb_replacer( &$connection, $db = '', $search = '', $replace = '', $tables = array( ) ) {
$report = array( 'tables' => 0,
'rows' => 0,
'change' => 0,
'updates' => 0,
'start' => microtime( ),
'end' => microtime( ),
'errors' => array( ),
);
if ( is_array( $tables ) && ! empty( $tables ) ) {
foreach( $tables as $table ) {
$report[ 'tables' ]++;
$columns = array( );
// Get a lit of columns in this table
$fields = mysql_db_query( $db, 'DESCRIBE ' . $table, $connection );
while( $column = mysql_fetch_array( $fields ) )
$columns[ $column[ 'Field' ] ] = $column[ 'Key' ] == 'PRI' ? true : false;
// Count the number of rows we have in the table if large we'll split into blocks, This is a mod from Simon Wheatley
$row_count = mysql_db_query( $db, 'SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ' . $table, $connection );
$rows_result = mysql_fetch_array( $row_count );
$row_count = $rows_result[ 0 ];
if ( $row_count == 0 )
continue;
$page_size = 50000;
$pages = ceil( $row_count / $page_size );
for( $page = 0; $page < $pages; $page++ ) {
$current_row = 0;
$start = $page * $page_size;
$end = $start + $page_size;
// Grab the content of the table
$data = mysql_db_query( $db, sprintf( 'SELECT * FROM %s LIMIT %d, %d', $table, $start, $end ), $connection );
if ( ! $data )
$report[ 'errors' ][] = mysql_error( );
while ( $row = mysql_fetch_array( $data ) ) {
$report[ 'rows' ]++; // Increment the row counter
$current_row++;
$update_sql = array( );
$where_sql = array( );
$upd = false;
foreach( $columns as $column => $primary_key ) {
$edited_data = $data_to_fix = $row[ $column ];
// Run a search replace on the data that'll respect the serialisation.
$edited_data = recursive_unserialise_replace( $search, $replace, $data_to_fix );
// Something was changed
if ( $edited_data != $data_to_fix ) {
$report[ 'change' ]++;
$update_sql[] = $column . ' = "' . mysql_real_escape_string( $edited_data ) . '"';
$upd = true;
}
if ( $primary_key )
$where_sql[] = $column . ' = "' . mysql_real_escape_string( $data_to_fix ) . '"';
}
if ( $upd && ! empty( $where_sql ) ) {
$sql = 'UPDATE ' . $table . ' SET ' . implode( ', ', $update_sql ) . ' WHERE ' . implode( ' AND ', array_filter( $where_sql ) );
$result = mysql_db_query( $db, $sql, $connection );
if ( ! $result )
$report[ 'errors' ][] = mysql_error( );
else
$report[ 'updates' ]++;
} elseif ( $upd ) {
$report[ 'errors' ][] = sprintf( '"%s" has no primary key, manual change needed on row %s.', $table, $current_row );
}
}
}
}
}
$report[ 'end' ] = microtime( );
return $report;
}
function icit_srdb_define_find( $filename = 'wp-config.php' ) {
$filename = dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/' . basename( $filename );
if ( file_exists( $filename ) && is_file( $filename ) && is_readable( $filename ) ) {
$file = @fopen( $filename, 'r' );
$file_content = fread( $file, filesize( $filename ) );
@fclose( $file );
}
preg_match_all( '/define\s*?\(\s*?([\'"])(DB_NAME|DB_USER|DB_PASSWORD|DB_HOST)\1\s*?,\s*?([\'"])([^\3]*?)\3\s*?\)\s*?;/si', $file_content, $defines );
if ( ( isset( $defines[ 2 ] ) && ! empty( $defines[ 2 ] ) ) && ( isset( $defines[ 4 ] ) && ! empty( $defines[ 4 ] ) ) ) {
foreach( $defines[ 2 ] as $key => $define ) {
switch( $define ) {
case 'DB_NAME':
$name = $defines[ 4 ][ $key ];
break;
case 'DB_USER':
$user = $defines[ 4 ][ $key ];
break;
case 'DB_PASSWORD':
$pass = $defines[ 4 ][ $key ];
break;
case 'DB_HOST':
$host = $defines[ 4 ][ $key ];
break;
}
}
}
return array( $host, $name, $user, $pass );
}
/*
Check and clean all vars, change the step we're at depending on the quality of
the vars.
*/
$errors = array( );
$step = isset( $_REQUEST[ 'step' ] ) ? intval( $_REQUEST[ 'step' ] ) : 0; // Set the step to the request, we'll change it as we need to.
// Check that we need to scan wp-config.
$loadwp = isset( $_POST[ 'loadwp' ] ) ? true : false;
// DB details
$host = isset( $_POST[ 'host' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'host' ] ) : 'localhost'; // normally localhost, but not necessarily.
$data = isset( $_POST[ 'data' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'data' ] ) : ''; // your database
$user = isset( $_POST[ 'user' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'user' ] ) : ''; // your db userid
$pass = isset( $_POST[ 'pass' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'pass' ] ) : ''; // your db password
// Search replace details
$srch = isset( $_POST[ 'srch' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'srch' ] ) : '';
$rplc = isset( $_POST[ 'rplc' ] ) ? stripcslashes( $_POST[ 'rplc' ] ) : '';
// Tables to scanned
$tables = isset( $_POST[ 'tables' ] ) && is_array( $_POST[ 'tables' ] ) ? array_map( 'stripcslashes', $_POST[ 'tables' ] ) : array( );
// If we're at the start we'll check to see if wp is about so we can get the details from the wp-config.
if ( $step == 0 || $step == 1 )
$step = file_exists( dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/wp-config.php' ) ? 1 : 2;
// Scan wp-config for the defines. We can't just include it as it will try and load the whole of wordpress.
if ( $loadwp && file_exists( dirname( __FILE__ ) . '/wp-config.php' ) )
list( $host, $data, $user, $pass ) = icit_srdb_define_find( 'wp-config.php' );
// Check the db connection else go back to step two.
if ( $step >= 3 ) {
$connection = mysql_connect( $host, $user, $pass );
if ( ! $connection ) {
$errors[] = mysql_error( );
$step = 2;
}
// Do we have any tables and if so build the all tables array
$all_tables = array( );
$all_tables_mysql = mysql_db_query( $data, 'SHOW TABLES', $connection );
if ( ! $all_tables_mysql ) {
$errors[] = mysql_error( );
$step = 2;
} else {
while ( $table = mysql_fetch_array( $all_tables_mysql ) ) {
$all_tables[] = $table[ 0 ];
}
}
}
// Check and clean the tables array
$tables = array_filter( $tables, 'check_table_array' );
if ( $step >= 4 && empty( $tables ) ) {
$errors[] = 'You didn\'t select any tables.';
$step = 3;
}
// Make sure we're searching for something.
if ( $step >= 5 ) {
if ( empty( $srch ) ) {
$errors[] = 'Missing search string.';
$step = 4;
}
if ( empty( $rplc ) ) {
$errors[] = 'Replace string is blank.';
$step = 4;
}
if ( ! ( empty( $rplc ) && empty( $srch ) ) && $rplc == $srch ) {
$errors[] = 'Search and replace are the same, please check your values.';
$step = 4;
}
}
/*
Send the HTML to the screen.
*/
@header('Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8');?>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" dir="ltr" lang="en-US">
<head profile="http://gmpg.org/xfn/11">
<title>Search and replace DB.</title>
<style type="text/css">
body {
background-color: #E5E5E5;
color: #353231;
font: 14px/18px "Gill Sans MT","Gill Sans",Calibri,sans-serif;
}
p {
line-height: 18px;
margin: 18px 0;
max-width: 520px;
}
p.byline {
margin: 0 0 18px 0;
padding-bottom: 9px;
border-bottom: 1px dashed #999999;
max-width: 100%;
}
h1,h2,h3 {
font-weight: normal;
line-height: 36px;
font-size: 24px;
margin: 9px 0;
text-shadow: 1px 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.8);
}
h2 {
font-weight: normal;
line-height: 24px;
font-size: 21px;
margin: 9px 0;
text-shadow: 1px 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.8);
}
h3 {
font-weight: normal;
line-height: 18px;
margin: 9px 0;
text-shadow: 1px 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.8);
}
a {
-moz-transition: color 0.2s linear 0s;
color: #DE1301;
text-decoration: none;
font-weight: normal;
}
a:visited {
-moz-transition: color 0.2s linear 0s;
color: #AE1301;
}
a:hover, a:visited:hover {
-moz-transition: color 0.2s linear 0s;
color: #FE1301;
text-decoration: underline;
}
#container {
display:block;
width: 768px;
padding: 10px;
margin: 0px auto;
border:solid 10px 0px 0px 0px #ccc;
border-top: 18px solid #DE1301;
background-color: #F5F5F5;
}
fieldset {
border: 0 none;
}
.error {
border: solid 1px #c00;
padding: 5px;
background-color: #FFEBE8;
text-align: center;
margin-bottom: 10px;
}
label {
display:block;
line-height: 18px;
}
select.multi,
input.text {
margin-bottom: 1em;
display:block;
width: 90%;
}
select.multi {
height: 144px;
}
input.button {
}
div.help {
border-top: 1px dashed #999999;
margin-top: 9px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="container"><?php
if ( ! empty( $errors ) && is_array( $errors ) ) {
echo '<div class="error">';
foreach( $errors as $error )
echo '<p>' . $error . '</p>';
echo '</div>';
}?>
<h1>Safe Search Replace</h1>
<p class="byline">by interconnect/<strong>it</strong></p>
<?php
/*
The bit that does all the work.
*/
switch ( $step ) {
case 1:
// Prompt for the loading of WordPress or not. ?>
<h2>Load DB connection values from WordPress?</h2>
<form action="<?php icit_srdb_form_action( ); ?>" method="post">
<fieldset>
<p><label for="loadwp"><input type="checkbox" checked="checked" value="1" name="loadwp" id="loadwp" /> Pre-populate the DB values form with the ones used in wp-config? It is possible to edit them later.</label></p> <?php
icit_srdb_submit( 'Submit' ); ?>
</fieldset>
</form> <?php
break;
case 2:
// Ask for db username password. ?>
<h2>Database details</h2>
<form action="<?php icit_srdb_form_action( ); ?>" method="post">
<fieldset>
<p>
<label for="host">Server Name:</label>
<input class="text" type="text" name="host" id="host" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $host, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<p>
<label for="data">Database Name:</label>
<input class="text" type="text" name="data" id="data" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $data, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<p>
<label for="user">Username:</label>
<input class="text" type="text" name="user" id="user" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $user, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<p>
<label for="pass">Password:</label>
<input class="text" type="password" name="pass" id="pass" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $pass, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<?php icit_srdb_submit( 'Submit DB details' ); ?>
</fieldset>
</form> <?php
break;
case 3:
// Ask which tables to deal with ?>
<h2>Which tables do you want to scan?</h2>
<form action="<?php icit_srdb_form_action( ); ?>" method="post">
<fieldset>
<input type="hidden" name="host" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $host, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="data" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $data, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="user" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $user, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="pass" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $pass, true ) ?>" />
<p>
<label for="tables">Tables:</label>
<select id="tables" name="tables[]" multiple="multiple" class="multi"><?php
foreach( $all_tables as $table ) {
echo '<option selected="selected" value="' . esc_html_attr( $table ) . '">' . $table . '</option>';
} ?>
</select>
<em>Multiple tables can be selected with ( CTRL/CMD + click ).</em>
</p>
<?php icit_srdb_submit( 'Continue', 'Do be sure that you have selected the correct tables - especially important on multi-sites installs.' ); ?>
</fieldset>
</form> <?php
break;
case 4:
// Ask for the search replace strings. ?>
<h2>What to replace?</h2>
<form action="<?php icit_srdb_form_action( ); ?>" method="post">
<fieldset>
<input type="hidden" name="host" id="host" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $host, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="data" id="data" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $data, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="user" id="user" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $user, true ) ?>" />
<input type="hidden" name="pass" id="pass" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $pass, true ) ?>" /> <?php
foreach( $tables as $i => $tab ) {
printf( '<input type="hidden" name="tables[%s]" value="%s" />', esc_html_attr( $i, false ), esc_html_attr( $tab, false ) );
} ?>
<p>
<label for="srch">Search for (case sensitive string):</label>
<input class="text" type="text" name="srch" id="srch" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $srch, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<p>
<label for="rplc">Replace with:</label>
<input class="text" type="text" name="rplc" id="rplc" value="<?php esc_html_attr( $rplc, true ) ?>" />
</p>
<?php icit_srdb_submit( 'Submit Search string', 'Are you REALLY sure you want to go ahead and do this?' ); ?>
</fieldset>
</form> <?php
break;
case 5:
@ set_time_limit( 60 * 10 );
// Try to push the allowed memory up, while we're at it
@ ini_set( 'memory_limit', '1024M' );
// Process the tables
if ( isset( $connection ) )
$report = icit_srdb_replacer( $connection, $data, $srch, $rplc, $tables );
// Output any errors encountered during the db work.
if ( ! empty( $report[ 'errors' ] ) && is_array( $report[ 'errors' ] ) ) {
echo '<div class="error">';
foreach( $report[ 'errors' ] as $error )
echo '<p>' . $error . '</p>';
echo '</div>';
}
// Calc the time taken.
$time = array_sum( explode( ' ', $report[ 'end' ] ) ) - array_sum( explode( ' ', $report[ 'start' ] ) ); ?>
<h2>Completed</h2>
<p><?php printf( 'In the process of replacing <strong>"%s"</strong> with <strong>"%s"</strong> we scanned <strong>%d</strong> tables with a total of <strong>%d</strong> rows, <strong>%d</strong> cells were changed and <strong>%d</strong> db update performed and it all took <strong>%f</strong> seconds.', $srch, $rplc, $report[ 'tables' ], $report[ 'rows' ], $report[ 'change' ], $report[ 'updates' ], $time ); ?></p> <?php
break;
default: ?>
<h2>No idea how we got here.</h2>
<p>Something strange has happened.</p> <?php
break;
}
if ( isset( $connection ) && $connection )
mysql_close( $connection );
// Warn if we're running in safe mode as we'll probably time out.
if ( ini_get( 'safe_mode' ) ) {
echo '<h4>Warning</h4>';
printf( '<p style="color:red;">Safe mode is on so you may run into problems if it takes longer than %s seconds to process your request.</p>', ini_get( 'max_execution_time' ) );
}
/*
Close out the html and exit.
*/ ?>
<div class="help">
<h4><a href="http://interconnectit.com/">interconnect/it</a> <a href="http://interconnectit.com/124/search-and-replace-for-wordpress-databases/">Safe Search and Replace on Database with Serialized Data v2.0.0</a></h4>
<p>This developer/sysadmin tool helps solve the problem of doing a search and replace on a
WordPress site when doing a migration to a domain name with a different length.</p>
<p><style="color:red">WARNING!</strong> Take a backup first, and carefully test the results of this code.
If you don't, and you vape your data then you only have yourself to blame.
Seriously. And if you're English is bad and you don't fully understand the
instructions then STOP. Right there. Yes. Before you do any damage.
<h2>Don't Forget to Remove Me!</h3>
<p style="color:red">Delete this utility from your
server after use. It represents a major security threat to your database if
maliciously used.</p>
<h2>Use Of This Script Is Entirely At Your Own Risk</h2>
<p> We accept no liability from the use of this tool.</p>
<p>If you're not comfortable with this kind of stuff, get an expert, like us, to do
this work for you. You do this ENTIRELY AT YOUR OWN RISK! We accept no responsibility
if you mess up your data. There is NO UNDO here!</p>
<p>The easiest way to use it is to copy your site's files and DB to the new location.
You then, if required, fix up your .htaccess and wp-config.php appropriately. Once
done, run this script, select your tables (in most cases all of them) and then
enter the search replace strings. You can press back in your browser to do
this several times, as may be required in some cases.</p>
<p>Of course, you can use the script in many other ways - for example, finding
all references to a company name and changing it when a rebrand comes along. Or
perhaps you changed your name. Whatever you want to search and replace the code will help.</p>
<p><a href="http://interconnectit.com/124/search-and-replace-for-wordpress-databases/">Got feedback on this script? Come tell us!</a>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>
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