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Finding physical screen size from HMONITOR using EDID
#include <Windows.h>
#include <SetupApi.h>
#include <cfgmgr32.h> // MAX_DEVICE_ID_LEN
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#pragma comment(lib, "setupapi.lib")
typedef std::map<std::wstring, std::wstring> DevNameToDevId; // DeviceName -> DeviceId
typedef std::map<std::wstring, std::pair<int, int> > PhyMonitorSizes; // DeviceId -> (width, height)
// Helper function that finds the monitor sizes in millimeter using the SetupAPI and the EDID data in the registry.
// This function may return more monitors than actually connected to the computer, these will
// be filtered out later when matching the device ids.
PhyMonitorSizes findMonitorSizesFromEDID()
{
PhyMonitorSizes screenSizes;
const GUID GUID_DEVINTERFACE_MONITOR = { 0xe6f07b5f, 0xee97, 0x4a90, 0xb0, 0x76, 0x33, 0xf5, 0x7b, 0xf4, 0xea, 0xa7 };
const HDEVINFO hDevInfo = SetupDiGetClassDevs(&GUID_DEVINTERFACE_MONITOR, NULL, NULL, DIGCF_DEVICEINTERFACE);
// Instead of creating a buffer in each iteration and calling SetupDiGetDeviceInterfaceDetail
// twice (once to find required buffer size and once to actually get the data), we create a
// buffer up front with the maximum size it can have.
// The 128 contant comes from the fact that the DeviceId parameter in DISPLAY_DEVICE is
// at most 128 characters and we will be looking for a match with this id later.
// Note that the buffer is slightly larger than it has to be (as "sizeof(SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA)"
// was used instead of "offsetof(SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA, DevicePath)").
wchar_t devPathBuffer[sizeof(SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA_W) + (128 * sizeof(wchar_t))];
// Loop over the device interfaces using the SetupAPI
DWORD monitorIndex = 0;
SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DATA devInfo;
devInfo.cbSize = sizeof(devInfo);
while (SetupDiEnumDeviceInterfaces(hDevInfo, NULL, &GUID_DEVINTERFACE_MONITOR, monitorIndex, &devInfo))
{
++monitorIndex;
// Retrieve the id of the device interface
SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA_W* devPathData = (SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA_W*)devPathBuffer;
devPathData->cbSize = sizeof(SP_DEVICE_INTERFACE_DETAIL_DATA_W);
SP_DEVINFO_DATA devInfoData;
memset(&devInfoData, 0, sizeof(devInfoData));
devInfoData.cbSize = sizeof(devInfoData);
if (!SetupDiGetDeviceInterfaceDetailW(hDevInfo, &devInfo, devPathData, sizeof(devPathBuffer), NULL, &devInfoData))
continue; // Error
// We now have the device id that we will use to match this device on other places later.
const std::wstring deviceId = devPathData->DevicePath;
// Find the instance id of the device to look up the EDID in the registry
wchar_t instanceId[MAX_DEVICE_ID_LEN];
if (!SetupDiGetDeviceInstanceIdW(hDevInfo, &devInfoData, instanceId, MAX_PATH, NULL))
continue; // Error
// Find the EDID registry key
HKEY hEDIDRegKey = SetupDiOpenDevRegKey(hDevInfo, &devInfoData, DICS_FLAG_GLOBAL, 0, DIREG_DEV, KEY_READ);
if (!hEDIDRegKey || (hEDIDRegKey == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE))
continue; // Error
// Read the EDID data from the registry
BYTE dataEDID[1024];
DWORD sizeOfDataEDID = sizeof(dataEDID);
if (ERROR_SUCCESS == RegQueryValueExW(hEDIDRegKey, L"EDID", NULL, NULL, dataEDID, &sizeOfDataEDID))
{
// Extract the width and height of the monitor from the EDID
int WidthMm = ((dataEDID[68] & 0xF0) << 4) + dataEDID[66];
int HeightMm = ((dataEDID[68] & 0x0F) << 8) + dataEDID[67];
screenSizes[deviceId] = std::make_pair(WidthMm, HeightMm);
}
RegCloseKey(hEDIDRegKey);
}
return screenSizes;
}
// Helper function that creates a mapping between device names and ids.
DevNameToDevId getDeviceNamesToIdMap()
{
DevNameToDevId namesToIdMap;
// Query how many display paths there are
UINT32 nrPaths;
UINT32 nrModes;
GetDisplayConfigBufferSizes(QDC_ONLY_ACTIVE_PATHS, &nrPaths, &nrModes);
// Retrieve the active display paths.
// Although we don't need the modes, documentation of QueryDisplayConfig says we can't use NULL for them.
std::vector<DISPLAYCONFIG_PATH_INFO> paths(nrPaths);
std::vector<DISPLAYCONFIG_MODE_INFO> modes(nrModes);
QueryDisplayConfig(QDC_ONLY_ACTIVE_PATHS, &nrPaths, &paths[0], &nrModes, &modes[0], NULL);
// Loop over the display paths and map the device name to the unique id that we will use
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < paths.size(); ++i)
{
DISPLAYCONFIG_SOURCE_DEVICE_NAME sourceName;
sourceName.header.type = DISPLAYCONFIG_DEVICE_INFO_GET_SOURCE_NAME;
sourceName.header.size = sizeof(sourceName);
sourceName.header.adapterId = paths[i].sourceInfo.adapterId;
sourceName.header.id = paths[i].sourceInfo.id;
DisplayConfigGetDeviceInfo(&sourceName.header);
DISPLAYCONFIG_TARGET_DEVICE_NAME targetName;
targetName.header.type = DISPLAYCONFIG_DEVICE_INFO_GET_TARGET_NAME;
targetName.header.size = sizeof(targetName);
targetName.header.adapterId = paths[i].sourceInfo.adapterId;
targetName.header.id = paths[i].targetInfo.id;
DisplayConfigGetDeviceInfo(&targetName.header);
namesToIdMap[sourceName.viewGdiDeviceName] = targetName.monitorDevicePath;
}
return namesToIdMap;
}
// Helper function for a case-insensitive string comparison.
// This isn't the best nor the fastest method, but it is simple and gets the job done.
bool caseInsensitiveComparison(const std::wstring& Str1, const std::wstring& Str2)
{
if (Str1.length() != Str2.length())
return false;
for (unsigned i = 0; i < Str1.length(); ++i)
{
if (Str1[i] == Str2[i])
continue;
if ((Str1[i] >= L'A') && (Str1[i] <= L'Z') && ((Str1[i] - (L'A' - L'a')) == Str2[i]))
continue;
if ((Str2[i] >= L'A') && (Str2[i] <= L'Z') && ((Str2[i] - (L'A' - L'a')) == Str1[i]))
continue;
return false;
}
return true;
}
// The actual function that takes the HMONITOR as input and has the screen size as output.
std::pair<int, int> getMonitorSizeInMillimeter(HMONITOR hMonitor)
{
const PhyMonitorSizes& sizesById = findMonitorSizesFromEDID();
const DevNameToDevId& deviceIdsByName = getDeviceNamesToIdMap();
// Find the device name from the HMONITOR
MONITORINFOEXW monInfo;
monInfo.cbSize = sizeof(monInfo);
if (!GetMonitorInfoW(hMonitor, &monInfo))
return {}; // Error
// Find the device id belonging to that name
auto deviceIdIt = deviceIdsByName.find(monInfo.szDevice);
if (deviceIdIt == deviceIdsByName.end())
return {}; // Error
const std::wstring& deviceId = deviceIdIt->second;
// We now need to loop over the data returned from FindMonitorSizesFromEDID
// and do a case-insensitive comparison because the device id from
// FindMonitorSizesFromEDID seems to be in lowercase.
for (auto it = sizesById.begin(); it != sizesById.end(); ++it)
{
const std::wstring& devId = it->first;
const std::pair<int, int>& size = it->second;
if (!caseInsensitiveComparison(deviceId, devId))
continue;
// We matched the device id from the HMONITOR with the one from SetupAPI, so we now have its size.
// Keep in mind that the size is independent of the orientation of the monitor. You may still want
// to add code that swaps the width and height in case the monitor is rotated (which could easily
// be detected: if the monitor has a larger width in pixels then it must also have a larger width in mm).
const int phyWidthMm = size.first;
const int phyHeightMm = size.second;
return std::make_pair(phyWidthMm, phyHeightMm);
}
// If we pass here then we didn't find a match and we couldn't get the size of
// this monitor.
return {};
}
// Test case which prints the size of the primary screen
int main()
{
HMONITOR hPrimaryMonitor = MonitorFromPoint(POINT{0,0}, MONITOR_DEFAULTTOPRIMARY);
std::pair<int, int> Size = getMonitorSizeInMillimeter(hPrimaryMonitor);
std::cout << "Primary monitor has size " << Size.first << "mm x " << Size.second << "mm" << std::endl;
}
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