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Import and export RSA Keys between C# and PEM format using BouncyCastle
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;
using Org.BouncyCastle.OpenSsl;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Security;
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
namespace MyProject.Data.Encryption
{
public class RSAKeys
{
/// <summary>
/// Import OpenSSH PEM private key string into MS RSACryptoServiceProvider
/// </summary>
/// <param name="pem"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static RSACryptoServiceProvider ImportPrivateKey(string pem) {
PemReader pr = new PemReader(new StringReader(pem));
AsymmetricCipherKeyPair KeyPair = (AsymmetricCipherKeyPair)pr.ReadObject();
RSAParameters rsaParams = DotNetUtilities.ToRSAParameters((RsaPrivateCrtKeyParameters)KeyPair.Private);
RSACryptoServiceProvider csp = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();// cspParams);
csp.ImportParameters(rsaParams);
return csp;
}
/// <summary>
/// Import OpenSSH PEM public key string into MS RSACryptoServiceProvider
/// </summary>
/// <param name="pem"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static RSACryptoServiceProvider ImportPublicKey(string pem) {
PemReader pr = new PemReader(new StringReader(pem));
AsymmetricKeyParameter publicKey = (AsymmetricKeyParameter)pr.ReadObject();
RSAParameters rsaParams = DotNetUtilities.ToRSAParameters((RsaKeyParameters)publicKey);
RSACryptoServiceProvider csp = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();// cspParams);
csp.ImportParameters(rsaParams);
return csp;
}
/// <summary>
/// Export private (including public) key from MS RSACryptoServiceProvider into OpenSSH PEM string
/// slightly modified from https://stackoverflow.com/a/23739932/2860309
/// </summary>
/// <param name="csp"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string ExportPrivateKey(RSACryptoServiceProvider csp)
{
StringWriter outputStream = new StringWriter();
if (csp.PublicOnly) throw new ArgumentException("CSP does not contain a private key", "csp");
var parameters = csp.ExportParameters(true);
using (var stream = new MemoryStream())
{
var writer = new BinaryWriter(stream);
writer.Write((byte)0x30); // SEQUENCE
using (var innerStream = new MemoryStream())
{
var innerWriter = new BinaryWriter(innerStream);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, new byte[] { 0x00 }); // Version
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.Modulus);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.Exponent);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.D);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.P);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.Q);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.DP);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.DQ);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(innerWriter, parameters.InverseQ);
var length = (int)innerStream.Length;
EncodeLength(writer, length);
writer.Write(innerStream.GetBuffer(), 0, length);
}
var base64 = Convert.ToBase64String(stream.GetBuffer(), 0, (int)stream.Length).ToCharArray();
// WriteLine terminates with \r\n, we want only \n
outputStream.Write("-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\n");
// Output as Base64 with lines chopped at 64 characters
for (var i = 0; i < base64.Length; i += 64)
{
outputStream.Write(base64, i, Math.Min(64, base64.Length - i));
outputStream.Write("\n");
}
outputStream.Write("-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----");
}
return outputStream.ToString();
}
/// <summary>
/// Export public key from MS RSACryptoServiceProvider into OpenSSH PEM string
/// slightly modified from https://stackoverflow.com/a/28407693
/// </summary>
/// <param name="csp"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string ExportPublicKey(RSACryptoServiceProvider csp)
{
StringWriter outputStream = new StringWriter();
var parameters = csp.ExportParameters(false);
using (var stream = new MemoryStream())
{
var writer = new BinaryWriter(stream);
writer.Write((byte)0x30); // SEQUENCE
using (var innerStream = new MemoryStream())
{
var innerWriter = new BinaryWriter(innerStream);
innerWriter.Write((byte)0x30); // SEQUENCE
EncodeLength(innerWriter, 13);
innerWriter.Write((byte)0x06); // OBJECT IDENTIFIER
var rsaEncryptionOid = new byte[] { 0x2a, 0x86, 0x48, 0x86, 0xf7, 0x0d, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01 };
EncodeLength(innerWriter, rsaEncryptionOid.Length);
innerWriter.Write(rsaEncryptionOid);
innerWriter.Write((byte)0x05); // NULL
EncodeLength(innerWriter, 0);
innerWriter.Write((byte)0x03); // BIT STRING
using (var bitStringStream = new MemoryStream())
{
var bitStringWriter = new BinaryWriter(bitStringStream);
bitStringWriter.Write((byte)0x00); // # of unused bits
bitStringWriter.Write((byte)0x30); // SEQUENCE
using (var paramsStream = new MemoryStream())
{
var paramsWriter = new BinaryWriter(paramsStream);
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(paramsWriter, parameters.Modulus); // Modulus
EncodeIntegerBigEndian(paramsWriter, parameters.Exponent); // Exponent
var paramsLength = (int)paramsStream.Length;
EncodeLength(bitStringWriter, paramsLength);
bitStringWriter.Write(paramsStream.GetBuffer(), 0, paramsLength);
}
var bitStringLength = (int)bitStringStream.Length;
EncodeLength(innerWriter, bitStringLength);
innerWriter.Write(bitStringStream.GetBuffer(), 0, bitStringLength);
}
var length = (int)innerStream.Length;
EncodeLength(writer, length);
writer.Write(innerStream.GetBuffer(), 0, length);
}
var base64 = Convert.ToBase64String(stream.GetBuffer(), 0, (int)stream.Length).ToCharArray();
// WriteLine terminates with \r\n, we want only \n
outputStream.Write("-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----\n");
for (var i = 0; i < base64.Length; i += 64)
{
outputStream.Write(base64, i, Math.Min(64, base64.Length - i));
outputStream.Write("\n");
}
outputStream.Write("-----END PUBLIC KEY-----");
}
return outputStream.ToString();
}
/// <summary>
/// https://stackoverflow.com/a/23739932/2860309
/// </summary>
/// <param name="stream"></param>
/// <param name="length"></param>
private static void EncodeLength(BinaryWriter stream, int length)
{
if (length < 0) throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("length", "Length must be non-negative");
if (length < 0x80)
{
// Short form
stream.Write((byte)length);
}
else
{
// Long form
var temp = length;
var bytesRequired = 0;
while (temp > 0)
{
temp >>= 8;
bytesRequired++;
}
stream.Write((byte)(bytesRequired | 0x80));
for (var i = bytesRequired - 1; i >= 0; i--)
{
stream.Write((byte)(length >> (8 * i) & 0xff));
}
}
}
/// <summary>
/// https://stackoverflow.com/a/23739932/2860309
/// </summary>
/// <param name="stream"></param>
/// <param name="value"></param>
/// <param name="forceUnsigned"></param>
private static void EncodeIntegerBigEndian(BinaryWriter stream, byte[] value, bool forceUnsigned = true)
{
stream.Write((byte)0x02); // INTEGER
var prefixZeros = 0;
for (var i = 0; i < value.Length; i++)
{
if (value[i] != 0) break;
prefixZeros++;
}
if (value.Length - prefixZeros == 0)
{
EncodeLength(stream, 1);
stream.Write((byte)0);
}
else
{
if (forceUnsigned && value[prefixZeros] > 0x7f)
{
// Add a prefix zero to force unsigned if the MSB is 1
EncodeLength(stream, value.Length - prefixZeros + 1);
stream.Write((byte)0);
}
else
{
EncodeLength(stream, value.Length - prefixZeros);
}
for (var i = prefixZeros; i < value.Length; i++)
{
stream.Write(value[i]);
}
}
}
public static void runTests(){
Console.WriteLine("Starting RSAKeys tests");
RSACryptoServiceProvider initialProvider = new RSACryptoServiceProvider(2048);
String privateKey = RSAKeys.ExportPrivateKey(initialProvider);
String publicKey = RSAKeys.ExportPublicKey(initialProvider);
Console.WriteLine("-----------------------");
Console.Write("Private Key exported: ");
Console.WriteLine(privateKey);
Console.WriteLine("-----------------------");
Console.Write("Public Key exported: ");
Console.WriteLine(publicKey);
RSACryptoServiceProvider importedProvider = RSAKeys.ImportPrivateKey(privateKey);
privateKey = RSAKeys.ExportPrivateKey(importedProvider);
publicKey = RSAKeys.ExportPublicKey(importedProvider);
Console.WriteLine("-----------------------");
Console.Write("Private Key imported/exported: ");
Console.WriteLine(privateKey);
Console.WriteLine("-----------------------");
Console.Write("Public Key imported/exported: ");
Console.WriteLine(publicKey);
Console.WriteLine("RSAKeys tests completed");
}
}
}
@ledunguit
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ledunguit commented Nov 8, 2021

work like a charm !! 2021 :v Lifesaver!

@therightstuff
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Author

therightstuff commented Dec 2, 2021

@ridhoq - thank you!
@ledunguit - great stuff!

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