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Simple Camunda example: Handling external tasks with PHP
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<bpmn:definitions xmlns:bpmn="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/MODEL" xmlns:bpmndi="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/DI" xmlns:di="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DI" xmlns:dc="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DC" xmlns:camunda="http://camunda.org/schema/1.0/bpmn" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" id="Definitions_0w41w6f" targetNamespace="http://bpmn.io/schema/bpmn" exporter="Camunda Modeler" exporterVersion="1.16.2">
<bpmn:process id="asset-ingestion" name="Asset Ingestion" isExecutable="true">
<bpmn:startEvent id="StartEvent_1" name="Asset to be ingested">
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_16kf6eb</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:startEvent>
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_16kf6eb" sourceRef="StartEvent_1" targetRef="extract-metadata" />
<bpmn:serviceTask id="extract-metadata" name="Extract metadata" camunda:type="external" camunda:topic="asset-extract-metadata">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_16kf6eb</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_1ns7sj4</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:serviceTask>
<bpmn:exclusiveGateway id="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz" name="Is it an image file?">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_1ns7sj4</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_02lackp</bpmn:outgoing>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_0bbvz28</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:exclusiveGateway>
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_1ns7sj4" sourceRef="extract-metadata" targetRef="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz" />
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_02lackp" name="yes" sourceRef="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz" targetRef="create-thumbnail">
<bpmn:conditionExpression xsi:type="bpmn:tFormalExpression">${mediatype == 'image'}</bpmn:conditionExpression>
</bpmn:sequenceFlow>
<bpmn:serviceTask id="create-thumbnail" name="Create thumbnail image" camunda:type="external" camunda:topic="asset-create-thumbnail">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_02lackp</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_1ralpb9</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:serviceTask>
<bpmn:exclusiveGateway id="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_0bbvz28</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_1ralpb9</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_0onc369</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:exclusiveGateway>
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_0bbvz28" name="no" sourceRef="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz" targetRef="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95">
<bpmn:conditionExpression xsi:type="bpmn:tFormalExpression">${mediatype != 'image'}</bpmn:conditionExpression>
</bpmn:sequenceFlow>
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_1ralpb9" sourceRef="create-thumbnail" targetRef="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95" />
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_0onc369" sourceRef="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95" targetRef="ingest-asset" />
<bpmn:endEvent id="EndEvent_1se5hc0" name="Asset ingested">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_0bmlt71</bpmn:incoming>
</bpmn:endEvent>
<bpmn:sequenceFlow id="SequenceFlow_0bmlt71" sourceRef="ingest-asset" targetRef="EndEvent_1se5hc0" />
<bpmn:serviceTask id="ingest-asset" name="Ingest asset" camunda:type="external" camunda:topic="asset-ingest">
<bpmn:incoming>SequenceFlow_0onc369</bpmn:incoming>
<bpmn:outgoing>SequenceFlow_0bmlt71</bpmn:outgoing>
</bpmn:serviceTask>
</bpmn:process>
<bpmndi:BPMNDiagram id="BPMNDiagram_1">
<bpmndi:BPMNPlane id="BPMNPlane_1" bpmnElement="asset-ingestion">
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="_BPMNShape_StartEvent_2" bpmnElement="StartEvent_1">
<dc:Bounds x="173" y="102" width="36" height="36" />
<bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
<dc:Bounds x="163" y="145" width="56" height="27" />
</bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_16kf6eb_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_16kf6eb">
<di:waypoint x="209" y="120" />
<di:waypoint x="259" y="120" />
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="ServiceTask_04q8nbp_di" bpmnElement="extract-metadata">
<dc:Bounds x="259" y="80" width="100" height="80" />
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz_di" bpmnElement="ExclusiveGateway_1j6qgpz" isMarkerVisible="true">
<dc:Bounds x="409" y="95" width="50" height="50" />
<bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
<dc:Bounds x="390" y="152" width="89" height="14" />
</bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_1ns7sj4_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_1ns7sj4">
<di:waypoint x="359" y="120" />
<di:waypoint x="409" y="120" />
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_02lackp_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_02lackp">
<di:waypoint x="434" y="145" />
<di:waypoint x="434" y="250" />
<di:waypoint x="510" y="250" />
<bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
<dc:Bounds x="441" y="195" width="18" height="14" />
</bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="ServiceTask_0u1bkke_di" bpmnElement="create-thumbnail">
<dc:Bounds x="510" y="210" width="100" height="80" />
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95_di" bpmnElement="ExclusiveGateway_0drgm95" isMarkerVisible="true">
<dc:Bounds x="671" y="95" width="50" height="50" />
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_0bbvz28_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_0bbvz28">
<di:waypoint x="459" y="120" />
<di:waypoint x="671" y="120" />
<bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
<dc:Bounds x="559" y="102" width="13" height="14" />
</bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_1ralpb9_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_1ralpb9">
<di:waypoint x="610" y="250" />
<di:waypoint x="696" y="250" />
<di:waypoint x="696" y="145" />
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_0onc369_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_0onc369">
<di:waypoint x="721" y="120" />
<di:waypoint x="791" y="120" />
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="EndEvent_1se5hc0_di" bpmnElement="EndEvent_1se5hc0">
<dc:Bounds x="961" y="102" width="36" height="36" />
<bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
<dc:Bounds x="943" y="145" width="73" height="14" />
</bpmndi:BPMNLabel>
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
<bpmndi:BPMNEdge id="SequenceFlow_0bmlt71_di" bpmnElement="SequenceFlow_0bmlt71">
<di:waypoint x="891" y="120" />
<di:waypoint x="961" y="120" />
</bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
<bpmndi:BPMNShape id="ServiceTask_0qpthz4_di" bpmnElement="ingest-asset">
<dc:Bounds x="791" y="80" width="100" height="80" />
</bpmndi:BPMNShape>
</bpmndi:BPMNPlane>
</bpmndi:BPMNDiagram>
</bpmn:definitions>
{
"require": {
"php": ">=7.1.0",
"ext-pcntl": "*",
"endpot/camunda-rest-client": "^1.1"
}
}
<?php
namespace Tistre\CamundaDem;
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';
use Camunda\Entity\Request\ExternalTaskRequest;
use Camunda\Service\ExternalTaskService;
class Worker
{
/** @var string */
protected $camundaUrl;
/** @var string */
protected $externalTaskTopic;
/** @var int */
protected $lockDuration = 10000;
/** @var string */
protected $workerId;
/** @var ExternalTaskService */
protected $externalTaskService;
/**
* Initialize and run in endless loop
*/
public function run(): void
{
$this->initSignalHandler();
$this->getOptions();
$this->workerId = 'worker' . getmypid();
$this->externalTaskService = new ExternalTaskService($this->camundaUrl);
while (true) {
// Quit on Ctrl+C
pcntl_signal_dispatch();
foreach ($this->fetchExternalTasks() as $externalTask) {
printf(
"Fetched and locked <%s> task <%s> of <%s> process instance <%s>.\n",
$externalTask->topicName,
$externalTask->id,
$externalTask->processDefinitionKey,
$externalTask->processInstanceId
);
call_user_func([$this, $this->topicNameToMethodName($externalTask->topicName)], $externalTask);
}
usleep(1000000);
}
}
/**
* Fetch and lock external tasks from Camunda
*
* @return array
*/
protected function fetchExternalTasks(): array
{
// Fetch one external task of the given topic
$externalTaskQueryRequest = (new ExternalTaskRequest())
->set('topics', [['topicName' => $this->externalTaskTopic, 'lockDuration' => $this->lockDuration]])
->set('workerId', $this->workerId)
->set('maxTasks', 1);
$result = $this->externalTaskService->fetchAndLock($externalTaskQueryRequest);
if (!is_array($result)) {
$result = [];
}
return $result;
}
/**
* Set an external task in Camunda to completed
*
* @param object $externalTask
* @param array $updateVariables
*/
protected function completeTask($externalTask, array $updateVariables): void
{
$externalTaskRequest = (new ExternalTaskRequest())
->set('variables', $updateVariables)
->set('workerId', $this->workerId);
$this->externalTaskService->complete($externalTask->id, $externalTaskRequest);
printf("Completed task <%s>\n", $externalTask->id);
}
/**
* Set an external task in Camunda to failed
*
* @param object $externalTask
* @param string $errorMessage
* @param int $retries
* @param int $retryTimeout
*/
protected function failTask($externalTask, string $errorMessage, int $retries, int $retryTimeout): void
{
$externalTaskRequest = (new ExternalTaskRequest())
->set('errorMessage', $errorMessage)
->set('retries', $retries)
->set('retryTimeout', $retryTimeout)
->set('workerId', $this->workerId);
$this->externalTaskService->handleFailure($externalTask->id, $externalTaskRequest);
printf("Failed task <%s>: '%s'\n", $externalTask->id, $errorMessage);
}
/**
* Get the name of the method to use for handling an external task topic
*
* @param string $topicName
* @return string
*/
protected function topicNameToMethodName(string $topicName): string
{
return 'handleTask_' . strtr($topicName, ['-' => '_']);
}
/**
* Initialize Unix signal handler
*
* ... to make sure we quit on Ctrl+C whenever we call pcntl_signal_dispatch().
*/
protected function initSignalHandler(): void
{
pcntl_signal(SIGINT, function () {
fwrite(STDERR, "Caught SIGINT - exitting\n");
exit(128 + SIGINT);
});
pcntl_signal(SIGTERM, function () {
fwrite(STDERR, "Caught SIGTERM - exitting\n");
exit(128 + SIGTERM);
});
}
/**
* Get command line options
*/
protected function getOptions(): void
{
// Get command line options
$usageHelp = 'Usage: php worker.php --camunda-url="http://localhost:8080/engine-rest" --task-topic="asset-ingest"';
$options = getopt('', ['camunda-url:', 'task-topic:', 'lock-duration:']);
foreach (['camunda-url', 'task-topic'] as $optionName) {
if (empty($options[$optionName])) {
fwrite(STDERR, "Error: Missing option --$optionName.\n");
fwrite(STDERR, $usageHelp . "\n");
exit(1);
}
}
$this->camundaUrl = $options['camunda-url'];
$this->externalTaskTopic = $options['task-topic'];
$methodName = $this->topicNameToMethodName($this->externalTaskTopic);
if (!method_exists($this, $methodName)) {
fwrite(STDERR, "Error: Wrong value for --task-topic. Method $methodName does not exist.\n");
exit(1);
}
if (isset($options['lock-duration']) && (intval($options['lock-duration']) > 0)) {
$this->lockDuration = intval($options['lock-duration']);
}
}
/** Task implementation below - in real life, you'd put them into separate files */
/**
* Extract asset file metadata using ExifTool
*
* @param object $externalTask
*/
protected function handleTask_asset_extract_metadata($externalTask): void
{
$assetFilePath = $externalTask->variables->path->value;
if (!file_exists($assetFilePath)) {
$this->failTask(
$externalTask,
"File to ingest not found: <$assetFilePath>",
0,
0
);
return;
}
// Prepare unique temp file for ExifTool output
$metadataFilePath = tempnam('/tmp', 'asset-metadata-');
rename($metadataFilePath, $metadataFilePath . '.xml');
$metadataFilePath .= '.xml';
// Write ExifTool XML to file
$cmd = sprintf(
'/usr/bin/exiftool -X %s > %s',
escapeshellarg($assetFilePath),
escapeshellarg($metadataFilePath)
);
exec($cmd);
// Determine media type
exec(sprintf('/usr/bin/file -b --mime-type %s', escapeshellarg($assetFilePath)), $lines);
list($mediatype, $mediasubtype) = explode('/', trim($lines[0]));
// Set Camunda process variables
$updateVariables = [
'metadataFilePath' => ['value' => $metadataFilePath],
'mediatype' => ['value' => $mediatype],
'mediasubtype' => ['value' => $mediasubtype],
];
$this->completeTask($externalTask, $updateVariables);
}
/**
* Generate a thumbnail image using ImageMagick convert
*
* @param object $externalTask
*/
protected function handleTask_asset_create_thumbnail($externalTask): void
{
$assetFilePath = $externalTask->variables->path->value;
if (!file_exists($assetFilePath)) {
$this->failTask(
$externalTask,
"File to ingest not found: <$assetFilePath>",
0,
0
);
return;
}
// Prepare unique temp file for thumbnail image
$thumbnailFilePath = tempnam('/tmp', 'asset-thumbnail-');
unlink($thumbnailFilePath);
$thumbnailFilePath .= '.jpg';
// Call ImageMagick
$cmd = sprintf(
'/usr/bin/convert -geometry 400x400 -colorspace RGB %s %s',
escapeshellarg($assetFilePath),
escapeshellarg($thumbnailFilePath)
);
exec($cmd);
// Set Camunda process variables
$updateVariables = [
'thumbnailFilePath' => ['value' => $thumbnailFilePath]
];
$this->completeTask($externalTask, $updateVariables);
}
/**
* Simulate asset ingestion
*
* @param object $externalTask
*/
protected function handleTask_asset_ingest($externalTask): void
{
foreach (['path', 'metadataFilePath', 'thumbnailFilePath'] as $key) {
if (empty($externalTask->variables->$key->value)) {
continue;
}
$checkPath = $externalTask->variables->$key->value;
if (!file_exists($checkPath)) {
$this->failTask(
$externalTask,
"File to ingest not found: <$key> = <$checkPath>",
0,
0
);
return;
}
// We do not really ingest. Clean up temp files instead.
if (($key === 'metadataFilePath') || ($key === 'thumbnailFilePath')) {
unlink($externalTask->variables->$key->value);
}
}
$updateVariables = [
'ingestMessage' => ['value' => 'Not really ingested. This is just as simulation.'],
];
$this->completeTask($externalTask, $updateVariables);
}
}
$worker = new Worker();
$worker->run();
@cybrpimp

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@cybrpimp cybrpimp commented Feb 20, 2021

Hey there. I'm trying to use your example to call an external PHP script as an External Task in Camunda but having problems. I reached out to you on skype to see if you might be able to answer some questions.

One big problem we are having is we are using Windows and not Unix so the call to the function pcntl_signal_dispatch(); is not possible in Windows.

Any help would be greatly appreciated... :)

Thanks

@tistre

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@tistre tistre commented Feb 20, 2021

Hi cybrpimp,

One big problem we are having is we are using Windows and not Unix so the call to the function pcntl_signal_dispatch(); is not possible in Windows.

I think you can simply remove the pcntl_* calls; they’re meant to make quitting / killing the process easier.

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