Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@tkuriyama
Last active Jan 7, 2021
Embed
What would you like to do?
PCAP_Sample_Deconstruction

References

Global Header

Structure

typedef struct pcap_hdr_s {
        guint32 magic_number;   /* magic number */
        guint16 version_major;  /* major version number */
        guint16 version_minor;  /* minor version number */
        gint32  thiszone;       /* GMT to local correction */
        guint32 sigfigs;        /* accuracy of timestamps */
        guint32 snaplen;        /* max length of captured packets, in octets */
        guint32 network;        /* data link type */
} pcap_hdr_t;

Sample

$ hexdump -n 24 -C sample.pcap                                                               
00000000  d4 c3 b2 a1 02 00 04 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000010  ff ff 00 00 01 00 00 00                           |........|

guint32 magic_number.  d4 c3 b2 a1 (magic number for PCAP files, little endian)
guint16 version_major  02 00       (major version 2)
guint16 version_minor  04 00       (minor version 4)
gint32  thiszone       00 00 00 00
guint32 sigfigs        00 00 00 00
guint32 snaplen        ff ff 00 00 (2^16 - 1 = 65535, default value for wireshark)
guint32 network.       01 00 00 00 (Ethernet; http://www.tcpdump.org/linktypes.html)

Packet Header

Structure

typedef struct pcaprec_hdr_s {
        guint32 ts_sec;         /* timestamp seconds */
        guint32 ts_usec;        /* timestamp microseconds */
        guint32 incl_len;       /* number of octets of packet saved in file */
        guint32 orig_len;       /* actual length of packet */
} pcaprec_hdr_t;

Sample

$ hexdump -s 24 -n 16 -C sample.pcap                                                        
00000018  80 13 5b 4d d4 18 00 00  fe 00 00 00 fe 00 00 00  |..[M............|

$ printf "%d\n" 0x4d5b1380                                                                                   
1297814400

$ date -r 1297814400 '+%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S'                                                                     
2011/02/15 19:00:00

guint32 ts_sec    80 13 5b 4d (epoch time in seconds, human-readable conversion per above)
guint32 ts_usec.  d4 18 00 00 (6356 microseconds)
guint32 incl_len  fe 00 00 00 (242 bytes)
guint32 orig_len  fe 00 00 00 (242 bytes)
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment