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Systemd service for autossh

Usage

curl -sSL https://gist.githubusercontent.com/ttimasdf/ef739670ac5d627981c5695adf4c8f98/raw/autossh@host1 | \
  sudo tee /etc/default/autossh@example
curl -sSL https://gist.githubusercontent.com/ttimasdf/ef739670ac5d627981c5695adf4c8f98/raw/autossh@.service | \
  sudo tee /etc/systemd/system/autossh@.service

sudo useradd -g nogroup -s /bin/false -m tunnel
sudo -u tunnel mkdir -p ~tunnel/.ssh  # and copy your private key here
sudo -u tunnel nano ~tunnel/.ssh/config  # add host and key configs here
sudo -u tunnel ssh example.com  # just make sure to add your host to `known_hosts`

# Add the hostname and forwards to /etc/default/autossh@example
sudo nano /etc/default/autossh@example
# ready to go!
systemctl start autossh@example.service

systemctl status autossh@example.service
journalctl -fu autossh@example
[Unit]
Description=Keeps an ssh tunnel to %I open
After=network-online.target ssh.service
[Service]
User=tunnel
# no monitoring
Environment="AUTOSSH_PORT=0"
# Disable gatetime behaviour
Environment="AUTOSSH_GATETIME=0"
EnvironmentFile=/etc/default/autossh@%i
RestartSec=3
Restart=always
# -NT Just open the connection and do nothing (not interactive, no tty alloc)
# use /usr/bin/ssh instead of autossh is good as well
ExecStart=/usr/bin/autossh -NT -o "ExitOnForwardFailure=yes" $SSH_OPTIONS ${TARGET_HOST} $FORWARDS
TimeoutStopSec=10
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
# Options for autossh@host1.service
# Place it at /etc/default
# Save all your credential/user/port related config in ~/.ssh/config is strongly recommanded
# Leave hostname here only
TARGET_HOST=remote.example.com
# -L LOCALPORT:IP_ON_EXAMPLE_COM:PORT_ON_EXAMPLE_COM
# can set multiple forwardings here
FORWARDS=-L 7474:127.0.0.1:7474
# === Settings below for ADVANCED users only ===
SSH_OPTIONS=-o "ServerAliveInterval=10" -o "ServerAliveCountMax=3"
AUTOSSH_PORT=0
AUTOSSH_GATETIME=0
@arno01

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@arno01 arno01 commented Sep 15, 2018

Useful, thank you!

@dotWee

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@dotWee dotWee commented Apr 29, 2019

Basic and functional, thanks for sharing!

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