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Vim: reserved control sequences

I would not remap any of these:

<C-@> and <C-A>: Repeat last insert (and automatically escape with <C-@>). These are basically the same as <C-R>.. Indispensable once you get used to them.
<C-D> and <C-T>: Change indent level even if you're not at the beginning of the line. Handy, but I don't use it much.
<C-E> and <C-Y>: Copy character from below/above the cursor. Sort of useful, not terribly. But not having them would drive me nuts.
<C-G>: A prefix key. I don't really care about <C-G>u to split the insert into multiple undo levels. Almost no one uses <C-G>j/<C-G>k to start a new insert a line down/up at the same column the current insert started on, but I'm a huge fan. I wouldn't touch this.
<C-I>: This is literally the same as <Tab>. Don't you dare touch this.
<C-M>: This is literally the same character you get from hitting Enter. Don't you dare touch this.
<C-N> and <C-P>: Basic word completion. Extremely useful. I would never touch this.
<C-O>: Return to insert after a single normal command. You can always just use escape. Has its uses though.
<C-Q> and <C-S>: Since these are used by terminals for the locking feature, they're unbound in basically every terminal program. That makes them great candidates for screen/tmux prefixes (if you disable the locking feature first). Generally not safe for portable remapping though.
<C-R>: Like pasting registers from insert mode. This is extremely useful and should not be touched.
<C-U> and <C-W>: Delete line/word. Extremely useful. Works similar but not exactly the same as in cooked terminal though, which is frustrating...
<C-V>: Insert literal characters. I use this a lot.
<C-X>: A prefix to several completion functions. I would say <C-X><C-F> is probably the most indispensable (complete filename), but a lot of them are handy. Read :help i^X to learn about them all.
<C-[>: This is literally <Esc>. Don't you dare touch it.
I wouldn't mind remapping these:
<C-B>: This is safe.
<C-C>: Really escape. I'm not a big fan.
<C-F>: This is safe.
<C-H> and <C-?>: These behave the same as backspace, but they aren't literally backspace. I wouldn't mind too much if I lost these.
<C-J>: Literal newline. Not used too much in its own right. If mappings worked in <C-R> pastes, remapping this would mess up your multiline pastes, but since they don't, it should be safe to remap.
<C-K>: Digraphs. I don't use them. If you just need occasional characters maybe, like a single Greek character or a way to type an em dash, they're fine. If you try to type in a foreign script using this feature, God help you.
<C-L>: This is safe.
<C-Z>: In a terminal, backgrounds Vim, though it shouldn't do that in insert mode.
<C-\>: This is mostly safe. If you're using <C-O> in mappings, you should probably use <C-\><C-O> instead, so the cursor doesn't shift inconsistently if you're at the end of the line. It's very unlikely I'd use that outside of mappings though.
<C-]>: Abbreviations. I've never used this.
<C-^>: Useless in insert mode.
<C-_>: Toggling reverse insert (if you have some special nondefault settings). Useless for almost everyone.

Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/vim/comments/4w0lib/do_you_use_insert_mode_keybindings

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