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old bme280.py library file on MicroPython ESP8266 board #7
# Author: Paul Cunnane 2016
#
# This module borrows heavily from the Adafruit BME280 Python library
# and the Adafruit GPIO/I2C library. Original copyright notices are reproduced
# below.
#
# Those libraries were written for the Raspberry Pi. This modification is
# intended for the MicroPython and WiPy boards.
#
#
# Copyright (c) 2014 Adafruit Industries
# Author: Tony DiCola
#
# Based on the BMP280 driver with BME280 changes provided by
# David J Taylor, Edinburgh (www.satsignal.eu)
#
# Based on Adafruit_I2C.py created by Kevin Townsend.
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.
import utime
# BME280 default address.
BME280_I2CADDR = 0x76
BME280_ALT_I2CADDR = 0x77
# BME280 Operating Modes
BME280_OSAMPLE_1 = 1
BME280_OSAMPLE_2 = 2
BME280_OSAMPLE_4 = 3
BME280_OSAMPLE_8 = 4
BME280_OSAMPLE_16 = 5
# BME280 Register Definitions
# Temperature compensation trimming registers
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T1 = 0x88
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T2 = 0x8A
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T3 = 0x8C
# Pressure compensation trimming registers
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P1 = 0x8E
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P2 = 0x90
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P3 = 0x92
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P4 = 0x94
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P5 = 0x96
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P6 = 0x98
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P7 = 0x9A
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P8 = 0x9C
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P9 = 0x9E
# Humidity compensation trimming registers
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H1 = 0xA1
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H2 = 0xE1
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H3 = 0xE3
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H4 = 0xE4
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5 = 0xE5
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H6 = 0xE6
BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H7 = 0xE7
# Misc hardware-related registers
BME280_REGISTER_CHIPID = 0xD0
BME280_REGISTER_VERSION = 0xD1
BME280_REGISTER_SOFTRESET = 0xE0
# Device control, configuration, and data registers
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM = 0xF2
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL = 0xF4
BME280_REGISTER_CONFIG = 0xF5
BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA = 0xF7
BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA = 0xFA
BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA = 0xFD
# Define some various constants used in the calculations for the sensor readings
# Define the minimum and maximum bounds of the "raw" 'h' value (used for compensated humidity readings)
H_BOUND_LOW = 0
H_BOUND_HIGH = 419430400
class Device:
"""
Class for abstracting the communication with an I2C device.
Provides several methods for reading and writing a variety of data types to and from an I2C device. The variety of
data types supported includes various combinations of signed/unsigned, big/little-endian, 8/16-bit values, raw data,
and byte arrays.
"""
def __init__(self, address, i2c):
"""Create an instance of the I2C device at the specified address using the specified I2C interface object."""
self._address = address
self._i2c = i2c
def writeRaw8(self, value):
"""Write an 8-bit value on the bus (without register)."""
value = value & 0xFF
self._i2c.writeto(self._address, value)
def write8(self, register, value):
"""Write an 8-bit value to the specified register."""
value = value & 0xFF
self._i2c.writeto_mem(self._address, register, value)
def write16(self, register, value):
"""Write a 16-bit value to the specified register."""
value = value & 0xFFFF
self.i2c.writeto_mem(self._address, register, value)
def readRaw8(self):
"""Read an 8-bit value on the bus (without register)."""
return int.from_bytes(self._i2c.readfrom(self._address, 1)) & 0xFF
def readU8(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned byte from the specified register."""
return int.from_bytes(self._i2c.readfrom_mem(self._address, register, 1)) & 0xFF
def readS8(self, register):
"""Read a signed byte from the specified register."""
result = self.readU8(register)
if result > 127:
result -= 256
return result
def readU16(self, register, little_endian=True):
"""
Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, with the specified endianness (default little endian,
or least significant byte first).
"""
result = int.from_bytes(
self._i2c.readfrom_mem(self._address, register, 2)) & 0xFFFF
if not little_endian:
result = ((result << 8) & 0xFF00) + (result >> 8)
return result
def readS16(self, register, little_endian=True):
"""
Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, with the specified endianness (default little endian, or
least significant byte first).
"""
result = self.readU16(register, little_endian)
if result > 32767:
result -= 65536
return result
def readU16LE(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, in little endian byte order."""
return self.readU16(register, little_endian=True)
def readU16BE(self, register):
"""Read an unsigned 16-bit value from the specified register, in big endian byte order."""
return self.readU16(register, little_endian=False)
def readS16LE(self, register):
"""Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, in little endian byte order."""
return self.readS16(register, little_endian=True)
def readS16BE(self, register):
"""Read a signed 16-bit value from the specified register, in big endian byte order."""
return self.readS16(register, little_endian=False)
class BME280:
def __init__(self, mode=BME280_OSAMPLE_1, address=BME280_I2CADDR, i2c=None, **kwargs):
"""Initialize the BME280 device driver."""
# Check that mode is valid
if mode not in [BME280_OSAMPLE_1, BME280_OSAMPLE_2, BME280_OSAMPLE_4, BME280_OSAMPLE_8, BME280_OSAMPLE_16]:
raise ValueError(
'Unexpected mode value {0}.\n'
'Set mode to one of:\n'
'\tBME280_ULTRALOWPOWER, BME280_STANDARD, BME280_HIGHRES, or BME280_ULTRAHIGHRES'.format(mode)
)
self._mode = mode
# Create I2C device
if i2c is None:
raise ValueError('An I2C object is required.')
self._device = Device(address, i2c)
# Load calibration values
self._load_calibration()
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL, 0x3F)
self.t_fine = 0
def _load_calibration(self):
"""Load the necessary calibration data for the BME280 to operate."""
# Load calibration data for temperature readings
self.dig_T1 = self._device.readU16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T1)
self.dig_T2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T2)
self.dig_T3 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_T3)
# Load calibration data for atmospheric pressure readings
self.dig_P1 = self._device.readU16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P1)
self.dig_P2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P2)
self.dig_P3 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P3)
self.dig_P4 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P4)
self.dig_P5 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P5)
self.dig_P6 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P6)
self.dig_P7 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P7)
self.dig_P8 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P8)
self.dig_P9 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_P9)
# Load calibration data for humidity readings
self.dig_H1 = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H1)
self.dig_H2 = self._device.readS16LE(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H2)
self.dig_H3 = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H3)
self.dig_H6 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H7)
# Perform some necessary calculations for the humidity reading calibration data
# Perform calculations for humidity calibration point "H4"
h4 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H4)
h4 = (h4 << 24) >> 20
self.dig_H4 = h4 | (self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5) & 0x0F)
# Perform calculations for humidity calibration point "H6"
h5 = self._device.readS8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H6)
h5 = (h5 << 24) >> 20
self.dig_H5 = h5 | (self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_DIG_H5) >> 4 & 0x0F)
def read_raw_temp(self):
"""Read the raw (uncompensated) temperature data from the BME280 sensor."""
meas = self._mode
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM, meas)
meas = self._mode << 5 | self._mode << 2 | 1
self._device.write8(BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL, meas)
# Calculate the sleep time (needed below)
sleep_time = 1250 + 2300 * (1 << self._mode)
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
# Wait the required time (calculated above)
utime.sleep_us(sleep_time)
# Read the temperature data from the device registers
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA + 1)
xlsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_TEMP_DATA + 2)
# Calculate the raw temperature data from the previously read data
raw = ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
# Return the raw data
return raw
def read_raw_pressure(self):
"""
Reads the raw (uncompensated) pressure level from the sensor. Assumes that the temperature has already been read
(ie: that enough delay has been provided).
"""
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA + 1)
xlsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_PRESSURE_DATA + 2)
raw = ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
return raw
def read_raw_humidity(self):
"""
Reads the raw (uncompensated) humidity level from the sensor. Assumes that the temperature has already been read
(ie: that enough delay has been provided).
"""
msb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA)
lsb = self._device.readU8(BME280_REGISTER_HUMIDITY_DATA + 1)
raw = (msb << 8) | lsb
return raw
def read_temperature(self):
"""Get the compensated temperature in 0.01 of a degree celsius."""
adc = self.read_raw_temp()
var1 = ((adc >> 3) - (self.dig_T1 << 1)) * (self.dig_T2 >> 11)
var2 = (((((adc >> 4) - self.dig_T1) * ((adc >> 4) - self.dig_T1)) >> 12) * self.dig_T3) >> 14
self.t_fine = var1 + var2
return (self.t_fine * 5 + 128) >> 8
def read_pressure(self):
"""Gets the compensated pressure in Pascals."""
adc = self.read_raw_pressure()
var1 = self.t_fine - 128000
var2 = var1 * var1 * self.dig_P6
var2 = var2 + ((var1 * self.dig_P5) << 17)
var2 = var2 + (self.dig_P4 << 35)
var1 = (((var1 * var1 * self.dig_P3) >> 8) + ((var1 * self.dig_P2) >> 12))
var1 = (((1 << 47) + var1) * self.dig_P1) >> 33
if var1 == 0:
return 0
p = 1048576 - adc
p = (((p << 31) - var2) * 3125) // var1
var1 = (self.dig_P9 * (p >> 13) * (p >> 13)) >> 25
var2 = (self.dig_P8 * p) >> 19
return ((p + var1 + var2) >> 8) + (self.dig_P7 << 4)
def read_humidity(self):
"""Gets the compensated humidity from the sensor."""
adc = self.read_raw_humidity()
# print 'Raw humidity = {0:d}'.format (adc)
h = self.t_fine - 76800
h = (((((adc << 14) - (self.dig_H4 << 20) - (self.dig_H5 * h)) + 16384) >> 15) * (((((((h * self.dig_H6) >> 10) * (((h * self.dig_H3) >> 11) + 32768)) >> 10) + 2097152) * self.dig_H2 + 8192) >> 14))
h = h - (((((h >> 15) * (h >> 15)) >> 7) * self.dig_H1) >> 4)
# Ensure the value of 'h' stays within the defined bounds
if h < H_BOUND_LOW:
h = H_BOUND_LOW
if h > H_BOUND_HIGH:
h = H_BOUND_HIGH
return h >> 12
@property
def temperature(self):
"Return the temperature in degrees."
t = self.read_temperature()
ti = t // 100
td = t - ti * 100
return "{}.{:02d}C".format(ti, td)
@property
def pressure(self):
"Return the temperature in hPa."
p = self.read_pressure() // 256
pi = p // 100
pd = p - pi * 100
return "{}.{:02d}hPa".format(pi, pd)
@property
def humidity(self):
"Return the humidity in percent."
h = self.read_humidity()
hi = h // 1024
hd = h * 100 // 1024 - hi * 100
return "{}.{:02d}%".format(hi, hd)
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