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Android - Enable ADB from recovery

Android - Enable ADB from recovery

Credits to @TheOnlyAnil-@Firelord^stackoverflow

  • Requirements: a) stock recovery + rooted phone b) custom recovery

  • Files changed:

    • /system/build.prop
    • /data/property/persist.sys.usb.config
    • /data/misc/adb/adb_keys

Enable ADB (1/2): enable USB debugging

same as "Settings >> Developer Opcions >> USB debugging" ON

  • Connect the device to Mac or PC in recovery mode.
  • Now open terminal/CMD in computer and go to platform-tools/. type and enter adb devices to check if the device is connected in recovery mode.
  • Now type adb shell mount data and adb shell mount system to mount the respective directories.
  • Get the persist.sys.usb.config file in your system using adb pull /data/property/persist.sys.usb.config /Your directory
  • Now open that file in a texteditor and edit it to mtp,adb and save.
  • Now push the file back in the device; adb push /your-directory/persist.sys.usb.config /data/property
  • Get the build.prop file; adb pull /system/build.prop /your-directory
  • Add these lines:
  • Push build.prop back into the device; adb push /your-dir/build.prop /system/

Fast way

adb shell
mount data
echo -n 'mtp,adb' > /data/property/persist.sys.usb.config

Verify options are not present before do it: adb shell "grep 'persist.service.adb.enable' /system/build.prop"

adb shell
mount system
echo '' >> /system/build.prop
echo '# Enable ADB' >> /system/build.prop
echo 'persist.service.adb.enable=1' >> /system/build.prop 
echo 'persist.service.debuggable=1' >> /system/build.prop
echo 'persist.sys.usb.config=mtp,adb' >> /system/build.prop 

Enable ADB (2/2): RSA verification

For the RSA verification that you asked to bypass, I don't know whether it would work in your device, but it worked in my little experiment. In Lollipop, the ADB keys (after authorization) are saved in /data/misc/adb/adb_keys. Your private key is saved in computer. In Linux the directory location is $HOME/.android/. On Windows that usually translates to, but keys might end up in C:\Windows\System32\config\ in some cases.

adb push ~/.android/ /data/misc/adb/adb_keys



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commented May 3, 2018

The last RSA key step helped in my case to get rid of the "draw over apps" specific issue with "Because an app is obscuring a permissions request, Settings cannot verify your response.” that was happening when I was pressing on "OK" when prompted for USB device authorizations. I had to this manual RSA-push via recovery since none of the other approaches worked(changed ROMs, cleared cache, uninstalled the suspected apps, etc, but couldn't find the offending app) - I disabled "draw over app" for all the apps under "special acces..." in app/settings. By the way, I am using Resurrection Remix ROM for my Nexus 5. Thanks and cheers.


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commented Jul 29, 2018

This isn't quite working on Oreo 8.1 (MIUI 10 ROM). Any idea what could be missing?


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commented Jul 29, 2018

not work on miui rom
i run adb device while boot, it print device serial code and said unauthorised


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commented Feb 1, 2019

That's very useful, and it did work on Lineage-16, thank you!


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commented Jun 19, 2019

my recovery doesn't have ADB. is there a way to put this into an

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