How to record multiple applications and microphone into one audio file on Linux
Step 0. Terminology
Sinks are for output, sources are for input. To stream source to sink a loopback must be created. More shall you find there.
Step 1. Create output sink that will be recorded
Our output sink will be named
pacmd load-module module-null-sink sink_name=recording sink_properties=device.description=recording
Step 2. Create output sink that will forward data to
recording and the default sink -- your headphones (using speakers is not a good idea because they will be recorded by microphone for the second time)
First we have to locate our output sink:
pacmd list-sinks | egrep '^\s+name: .*'
For me it prints:
name: <alsa_output.pci-0000_00_1f.3.analog-stereo> name: <bluez_sink.4C_87_5D_07_5B_C4.a2dp_sink>
So I choose
bluez_sink.4C_87_5D_07_5B_C4.a2dp_sink as my output sink because its my headphones (the other represents my speakers).
Now we can combine it with our new
recording sink into
pacmd load-module module-combine-sink sink_name=combined sink_properties=device.description=combined slaves=recording,bluez_sink.4C_87_5D_07_5B_C4.a2dp_sink
Step 3. Attach microphone to
Protip: If you ommit this step you may record multiple apps without microphone.
First we have to locate our microphone as a source:
pacmd list-sources | egrep '^\s+name: .*' | grep input
For me it produced:
alsa_input.pci-0000_00_1f.3.analog-stereo represents my microphone.
Now we attach it to
pacmd load-module module-loopback source=alsa_input.pci-0000_00_1f.3.analog-stereo sink=recording latency_msec=1
Step 4. Channel applications through the
combined sink to record them (this step can be done after step 5. -- you can change what apps you record without stopping recording)
pavucontrol, go to
Playback tab and change sink to
combined. Hint: the application won't appear there unless it is producing sound.
Step 5. Record audio
With the above setup, you can start and stop recording at any time. To record
recording sink, use:
parecord --channels=2 -d recording.monitor output.wav
It will save recording to
output.wav file. To stop recording press
Crtl-C (kill the parecord with SIGINT).
Protip: You can change recorded applications while recording by controlling which ones output to
combined sink as was shown in step 4.