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/* Merge sort in C */
// Function to Merge Arrays L and R into A.
// lefCount = number of elements in L
// rightCount = number of elements in R.
void Merge(int *A,int *L,int leftCount,int *R,int rightCount) {
int i,j,k;
// i - to mark the index of left aubarray (L)
// j - to mark the index of right sub-raay (R)
// k - to mark the index of merged subarray (A)
i = 0; j = 0; k =0;
while(i<leftCount && j< rightCount) {
if(L[i] < R[j]) A[k++] = L[i++];
else A[k++] = R[j++];
while(i < leftCount) A[k++] = L[i++];
while(j < rightCount) A[k++] = R[j++];
// Recursive function to sort an array of integers.
void MergeSort(int *A,int n) {
int mid,i, *L, *R;
if(n < 2) return; // base condition. If the array has less than two element, do nothing.
mid = n/2; // find the mid index.
// create left and right subarrays
// mid elements (from index 0 till mid-1) should be part of left sub-array
// and (n-mid) elements (from mid to n-1) will be part of right sub-array
L = (int*)malloc(mid*sizeof(int));
R = (int*)malloc((n- mid)*sizeof(int));
for(i = 0;i<mid;i++) L[i] = A[i]; // creating left subarray
for(i = mid;i<n;i++) R[i-mid] = A[i]; // creating right subarray
MergeSort(L,mid); // sorting the left subarray
MergeSort(R,n-mid); // sorting the right subarray
Merge(A,L,mid,R,n-mid); // Merging L and R into A as sorted list.
int main() {
/* Code to test the MergeSort function. */
int A[] = {6,2,3,1,9,10,15,13,12,17}; // creating an array of integers.
int i,numberOfElements;
// finding number of elements in array as size of complete array in bytes divided by size of integer in bytes.
// This won't work if array is passed to the function because array
// is always passed by reference through a pointer. So sizeOf function will give size of pointer and not the array.
// Watch this video to understand this concept -
numberOfElements = sizeof(A)/sizeof(A[0]);
// Calling merge sort to sort the array.
//printing all elements in the array once its sorted.
for(i = 0;i < numberOfElements;i++) printf("%d ",A[i]);
return 0;
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