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@whatvn whatvn/transcoding.c Secret
Created Oct 16, 2014

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#include <libavcodec/avcodec.h>
#include <libavformat/avformat.h>
#include <libavfilter/avfiltergraph.h>
#include <libavfilter/avcodec.h>
#include <libavfilter/buffersink.h>
#include <libavfilter/buffersrc.h>
#include <libavutil/opt.h>
#include <libavutil/pixdesc.h>
#include <libswscale/swscale.h>
static AVFormatContext *ifmt_ctx;
static AVFormatContext *ofmt_ctx;
typedef struct FilteringContext {
AVFilterContext *buffersink_ctx;
AVFilterContext *buffersrc_ctx;
AVFilterGraph *filter_graph;
} FilteringContext;
static FilteringContext *filter_ctx;
static int open_input_file(const char *filename) {
int ret;
unsigned int i;
ifmt_ctx = NULL;
if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&ifmt_ctx, filename, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open input file\n");
return ret;
}
if ((ret = avformat_find_stream_info(ifmt_ctx, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find stream information\n");
return ret;
}
for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *stream;
AVCodecContext *codec_ctx;
stream = ifmt_ctx->streams[i];
codec_ctx = stream->codec;
/* Reencode video & audio and remux subtitles etc. */
if (codec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
|| codec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
/* Open decoder */
ret = avcodec_open2(codec_ctx,
avcodec_find_decoder(codec_ctx->codec_id), NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to open decoder for stream #%u\n", i);
return ret;
}
}
}
av_dump_format(ifmt_ctx, 0, filename, 0);
return 0;
}
static int open_output_file(const char *filename) {
AVStream *out_stream;
AVStream *in_stream;
AVCodecContext *dec_ctx, *enc_ctx;
AVCodec *encoder;
int ret;
unsigned int i;
AVDictionary *option = NULL;
ofmt_ctx = NULL;
avformat_alloc_output_context2(&ofmt_ctx, NULL, NULL, filename);
ofmt_ctx->duration = ifmt_ctx->duration;
ofmt_ctx->metadata = ifmt_ctx->metadata;
ofmt_ctx->metadata_header_padding = ifmt_ctx->metadata_header_padding;
ofmt_ctx->oformat = av_guess_format("mpegts", NULL, NULL);
if (!ofmt_ctx) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not create output context\n");
return AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
}
for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
out_stream = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, NULL);
if (!out_stream) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed allocating output stream\n");
return AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
}
in_stream = ifmt_ctx->streams[i];
dec_ctx = in_stream->codec;
enc_ctx = out_stream->codec;
enc_ctx->extradata = enc_ctx->extradata;
enc_ctx->extradata_size = dec_ctx->extradata_size;
out_stream->duration = in_stream->duration;
out_stream->metadata = in_stream->metadata;
out_stream->start_time = in_stream->start_time;
if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
|| dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
encoder = avcodec_find_encoder(dec_ctx->codec_id);
if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
enc_ctx->width = 640;
enc_ctx->height = 360;
out_stream->avg_frame_rate = (AVRational){1, 25};
out_stream->r_frame_rate = in_stream->r_frame_rate;
enc_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio = dec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio;
enc_ctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P;
out_stream->time_base = (AVRational){1, 25};
enc_ctx->qmin = 30;
enc_ctx->qmax = 100;
enc_ctx->frame_number = dec_ctx->frame_number;
enc_ctx->skip_frame = AVDISCARD_NONE;
enc_ctx->bit_rate = 500 * 1000;
enc_ctx->bit_rate_tolerance = 0;
enc_ctx->rc_max_rate = 0;
enc_ctx->rc_buffer_size = 0;
enc_ctx->gop_size = 25;
enc_ctx->keyint_min = 50;
enc_ctx->max_b_frames = 1;
enc_ctx->b_frame_strategy = 1;
enc_ctx->coder_type = 0;
enc_ctx->me_cmp = 1;
enc_ctx->me_range = 16;
enc_ctx->scenechange_threshold = 0;
enc_ctx->me_method = ME_ITER;
enc_ctx->me_subpel_quality = 4;
enc_ctx->i_quant_factor = 0;
enc_ctx->qcompress = 0;
enc_ctx->max_qdiff = 4;
enc_ctx->thread_count = 1;
av_dict_set(&option, "x264opts", "keyint=50:min-keyint=50:no-scenecut", 0);
av_dict_set(&option, "preset", "slow", 0);
av_dict_set(&option, "r", "25", 0);
ret = av_dict_set(&option, "vprofile", "high", 0);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set x264 profile #%d\n", ret);
}
} else {
enc_ctx->sample_rate = dec_ctx->sample_rate;
enc_ctx->channel_layout = dec_ctx->channel_layout;
enc_ctx->channels = av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(enc_ctx->channel_layout);
enc_ctx->sample_fmt = encoder->sample_fmts[0];
out_stream->time_base = (AVRational){1, enc_ctx->sample_rate};
}
ret = avcodec_open2(enc_ctx, encoder, &option);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open video encoder for stream #%u\n", i);
return ret;
}
} else if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Elementary stream #%d is of unknown type, cannot proceed\n", i);
return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
} else {
/* if this stream must be remuxed */
ret = avcodec_copy_context(ofmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec,
ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Copying stream context failed\n");
return ret;
}
}
if (ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER)
enc_ctx->flags |= CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER;
}
av_dump_format(ofmt_ctx, 0, filename, 1);
if (!(ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE)) {
ret = avio_open(&ofmt_ctx->pb, filename, AVIO_FLAG_WRITE);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not open output file '%s'", filename);
return ret;
}
}
/* init muxer, write output file header */
ret = avformat_write_header(ofmt_ctx, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error occurred when opening output file\n");
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
static int init_filter(FilteringContext* fctx, AVCodecContext *dec_ctx,
AVCodecContext *enc_ctx, const char *filter_spec) {
char args[512];
int ret = 0;
AVFilter *buffersrc = NULL;
AVFilter *buffersink = NULL;
AVFilterContext *buffersrc_ctx = NULL;
AVFilterContext *buffersink_ctx = NULL;
AVFilterInOut *outputs = avfilter_inout_alloc();
AVFilterInOut *inputs = avfilter_inout_alloc();
AVFilterGraph *filter_graph = avfilter_graph_alloc();
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Filter frame\n");
if (!outputs || !inputs || !filter_graph) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto end;
}
if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
buffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");
buffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("buffersink");
if (!buffersrc || !buffersink) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "filtering source or sink element not found\n");
ret = AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
goto end;
}
snprintf(args, sizeof (args),
"video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",
dec_ctx->width, dec_ctx->height, dec_ctx->pix_fmt,
dec_ctx->time_base.num, dec_ctx->time_base.den,
dec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.num,
dec_ctx->sample_aspect_ratio.den);
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, buffersrc, "in",
args, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer source\n");
goto end;
}
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, buffersink, "out",
NULL, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer sink\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "pix_fmts",
(uint8_t*) & enc_ctx->pix_fmt, sizeof (enc_ctx->pix_fmt),
AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output pixel format\n");
goto end;
}
} else if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
buffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffer");
buffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffersink");
if (!buffersrc || !buffersink) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "filtering source or sink element not found\n");
ret = AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
goto end;
}
if (!dec_ctx->channel_layout)
dec_ctx->channel_layout =
av_get_default_channel_layout(dec_ctx->channels);
snprintf(args, sizeof (args),
"time_base=%d/%d:sample_rate=%d:sample_fmt=%s:channel_layout=0x%"PRIx64,
dec_ctx->time_base.num, dec_ctx->time_base.den, dec_ctx->sample_rate,
av_get_sample_fmt_name(dec_ctx->sample_fmt),
dec_ctx->channel_layout);
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, buffersrc, "in",
args, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer source\n");
goto end;
}
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, buffersink, "out",
NULL, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer sink\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "sample_fmts",
(uint8_t*) & enc_ctx->sample_fmt, sizeof (enc_ctx->sample_fmt),
AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample format\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "channel_layouts",
(uint8_t*) & enc_ctx->channel_layout,
sizeof (enc_ctx->channel_layout), AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output channel layout\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "sample_rates",
(uint8_t*) & enc_ctx->sample_rate, sizeof (enc_ctx->sample_rate),
AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample rate\n");
goto end;
}
} else {
ret = AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
goto end;
}
/* Endpoints for the filter graph. */
outputs->name = av_strdup("in");
outputs->filter_ctx = buffersrc_ctx;
outputs->pad_idx = 0;
outputs->next = NULL;
inputs->name = av_strdup("out");
inputs->filter_ctx = buffersink_ctx;
inputs->pad_idx = 0;
inputs->next = NULL;
if (!outputs->name || !inputs->name) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto end;
}
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(filter_graph, filter_spec,
&inputs, &outputs, NULL)) < 0)
//if ((ret = avfilter_graph_parse2(filter_graph, filter_spec,
// &inputs, &outputs)) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_config(filter_graph, NULL)) < 0)
goto end;
/* Fill FilteringContext */
fctx->buffersrc_ctx = buffersrc_ctx;
fctx->buffersink_ctx = buffersink_ctx;
fctx->filter_graph = filter_graph;
end:
avfilter_inout_free(&inputs);
avfilter_inout_free(&outputs);
return ret;
}
static int init_filters(void) {
const char *filter_spec;
unsigned int i;
int ret;
filter_ctx = av_malloc_array(ifmt_ctx->nb_streams, sizeof (*filter_ctx));
if (!filter_ctx)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
filter_ctx[i].buffersrc_ctx = NULL;
filter_ctx[i].buffersink_ctx = NULL;
filter_ctx[i].filter_graph = NULL;
if (!(ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO
|| ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO))
continue;
if (ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
//filter_spec = "null"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for video */
filter_spec = "scale=iw*min(640/iw\\,360/ih):ih*min(640/iw\\,360/ih), pad=640:360:(640-iw*min(640/iw\\,360/ih))/2:(360-ih*min(640/iw\\,360/ih))/2"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for video */
//filter_spec = "scale=640:ih*640/iw,format=yuv420p";
else
filter_spec = "anull"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for audio */
//filter_spec = "select=1"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for audio */
ret = init_filter(&filter_ctx[i], ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec,
ofmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec, filter_spec);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
static int encode_write_frame(AVFrame *filt_frame, unsigned int stream_index, int *got_frame) {
int ret;
int got_frame_local;
AVPacket enc_pkt;
int (*enc_func)(AVCodecContext *, AVPacket *, const AVFrame *, int *) =
(ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec->codec_type ==
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) ? avcodec_encode_video2 : avcodec_encode_audio2;
if (!got_frame)
got_frame = &got_frame_local;
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Encoding frame\n");
/* encode filtered frame */
enc_pkt.data = NULL;
enc_pkt.size = 0;
av_init_packet(&enc_pkt);
ret = enc_func(ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec, &enc_pkt,
filt_frame, got_frame);
av_frame_free(&filt_frame);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
if (!(*got_frame))
return 0;
/* prepare packet for muxing */
enc_pkt.stream_index = stream_index;
enc_pkt.dts = av_rescale_q_rnd(enc_pkt.dts,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
enc_pkt.pts = av_rescale_q_rnd(enc_pkt.pts,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
enc_pkt.duration = av_rescale_q(enc_pkt.duration,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base);
/* mux encoded frame */
ret = av_interleaved_write_frame(ofmt_ctx, &enc_pkt);
return ret;
}
static int filter_encode_write_frame(AVFrame *frame, unsigned int stream_index) {
int ret;
AVFrame *filt_frame;
//av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Pushing decoded frame to filters\n");
/* push the decoded frame into the filtergraph */
ret = av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags(filter_ctx[stream_index].buffersrc_ctx,
frame, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while feeding the filtergraph\n");
return ret;
}
/* pull filtered frames from the filtergraph */
while (1) {
filt_frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!filt_frame) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
break;
}
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Pulling filtered frame from filters\n");
ret = av_buffersink_get_frame(filter_ctx[stream_index].buffersink_ctx,
filt_frame);
if (ret < 0) {
/* if no more frames for output - returns AVERROR(EAGAIN)
* if flushed and no more frames for output - returns AVERROR_EOF
* rewrite retcode to 0 to show it as normal procedure completion
*/
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
ret = 0;
av_frame_free(&filt_frame);
break;
}
filt_frame->pict_type = AV_PICTURE_TYPE_NONE;
ret = encode_write_frame(filt_frame, stream_index, NULL);
if (ret < 0)
break;
}
return ret;
}
static int flush_encoder(unsigned int stream_index) {
int ret;
int got_frame;
if (!(ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec->codec->capabilities &
CODEC_CAP_DELAY))
return 0;
while (1) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Flushing stream #%u encoder\n", stream_index);
ret = encode_write_frame(NULL, stream_index, &got_frame);
if (ret < 0)
break;
if (!got_frame)
return 0;
}
return ret;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
int ret;
AVPacket packet = {.data = NULL, .size = 0};
AVFrame *frame = NULL;
enum AVMediaType type;
unsigned int stream_index;
unsigned int i;
int got_frame;
int (*dec_func)(AVCodecContext *, AVFrame *, int *, const AVPacket *);
if (argc != 3) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Usage: %s <input file> <output file>\n", argv[0]);
return 1;
}
av_log_set_level(AV_LOG_DEBUG);
av_register_all();
avfilter_register_all();
if ((ret = open_input_file(argv[1])) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = open_output_file(argv[2])) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = init_filters()) < 0)
goto end;
/* read all packets */
//int frame_count = 0;
while (1) {
if ((ret = av_read_frame(ifmt_ctx, &packet)) < 0)
break;
stream_index = packet.stream_index;
type = ifmt_ctx->streams[packet.stream_index]->codec->codec_type;
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Demuxer gave frame of stream_index %u\n",
stream_index);
if (filter_ctx[stream_index].filter_graph) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Going to reencode&filter the frame\n");
frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!frame) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
break;
}
packet.dts = av_rescale_q_rnd(packet.dts,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
packet.pts = av_rescale_q_rnd(packet.pts,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
dec_func = (type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) ? avcodec_decode_video2 :
avcodec_decode_audio4;
ret = dec_func(ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->codec, frame,
&got_frame, &packet);
if (ret < 0) {
av_frame_free(&frame);
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Decoding failed\n");
break;
}
if (got_frame) {
frame->pts = av_frame_get_best_effort_timestamp(frame);
//printf("frame_count is %d\n", frame_count);
//frame->pts = frame_count;
//++frame_count;
ret = filter_encode_write_frame(frame, stream_index);
av_frame_free(&frame);
if (ret < 0)
goto end;
} else {
av_frame_free(&frame);
}
} else {
/* remux this frame without reencoding */
packet.dts = av_rescale_q_rnd(packet.dts,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
packet.pts = av_rescale_q_rnd(packet.pts,
ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
AV_ROUND_NEAR_INF|AV_ROUND_PASS_MINMAX);
ret = av_interleaved_write_frame(ofmt_ctx, &packet);
if (ret < 0)
goto end;
}
av_free_packet(&packet);
}
/* flush filters and encoders */
for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
/* flush filter */
if (!filter_ctx[i].filter_graph)
continue;
ret = filter_encode_write_frame(NULL, i);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Flushing filter failed\n");
goto end;
}
/* flush encoder */
ret = flush_encoder(i);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Flushing encoder failed\n");
goto end;
}
}
av_write_trailer(ofmt_ctx);
end:
av_free_packet(&packet);
av_frame_free(&frame);
for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
avcodec_close(ifmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec);
if (ofmt_ctx && ofmt_ctx->nb_streams > i && ofmt_ctx->streams[i] && ofmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec)
avcodec_close(ofmt_ctx->streams[i]->codec);
if (filter_ctx && filter_ctx[i].filter_graph)
avfilter_graph_free(&filter_ctx[i].filter_graph);
}
av_free(filter_ctx);
avformat_close_input(&ifmt_ctx);
if (ofmt_ctx && !(ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE))
avio_close(ofmt_ctx->pb);
avformat_free_context(ofmt_ctx);
if (ret < 0)
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error occurred: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret ? 1 : 0;
}
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