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Here is a JSON object which contains a list of all countries and their associated abbreviations. Thought others might find this useful.
[
{"US":"United States"},
{"CA":"Canada"},
{"AF":"Afghanistan"},
{"AL":"Albania"},
{"DZ":"Algeria"},
{"DS":"American Samoa"},
{"AD":"Andorra"},
{"AO":"Angola"},
{"AI":"Anguilla"},
{"AQ":"Antarctica"},
{"AG":"Antigua and/or Barbuda"},
{"AR":"Argentina"},
{"AM":"Armenia"},
{"AW":"Aruba"},
{"AU":"Australia"},
{"AT":"Austria"},
{"AZ":"Azerbaijan"},
{"BS":"Bahamas"},
{"BH":"Bahrain"},
{"BD":"Bangladesh"},
{"BB":"Barbados"},
{"BY":"Belarus"},
{"BE":"Belgium"},
{"BZ":"Belize"},
{"BJ":"Benin"},
{"BM":"Bermuda"},
{"BT":"Bhutan"},
{"BO":"Bolivia"},
{"BA":"Bosnia and Herzegovina"},
{"BW":"Botswana"},
{"BV":"Bouvet Island"},
{"BR":"Brazil"},
{"IO":"British lndian Ocean Territory"},
{"BN":"Brunei Darussalam"},
{"BG":"Bulgaria"},
{"BF":"Burkina Faso"},
{"BI":"Burundi"},
{"KH":"Cambodia"},
{"CM":"Cameroon"},
{"CV":"Cape Verde"},
{"KY":"Cayman Islands"},
{"CF":"Central African Republic"},
{"TD":"Chad"},
{"CL":"Chile"},
{"CN":"China"},
{"CX":"Christmas Island"},
{"CC":"Cocos (Keeling) Islands"},
{"CO":"Colombia"},
{"KM":"Comoros"},
{"CG":"Congo"},
{"CK":"Cook Islands"},
{"CR":"Costa Rica"},
{"HR":"Croatia (Hrvatska)"},
{"CU":"Cuba"},
{"CY":"Cyprus"},
{"CZ":"Czech Republic"},
{"DK":"Denmark"},
{"DJ":"Djibouti"},
{"DM":"Dominica"},
{"DO":"Dominican Republic"},
{"TP":"East Timor"},
{"EC":"Ecudaor"},
{"EG":"Egypt"},
{"SV":"El Salvador"},
{"GQ":"Equatorial Guinea"},
{"ER":"Eritrea"},
{"EE":"Estonia"},
{"ET":"Ethiopia"},
{"FK":"Falkland Islands (Malvinas)"},
{"FO":"Faroe Islands"},
{"FJ":"Fiji"},
{"FI":"Finland"},
{"FR":"France"},
{"FX":"France, Metropolitan"},
{"GF":"French Guiana"},
{"PF":"French Polynesia"},
{"TF":"French Southern Territories"},
{"GA":"Gabon"},
{"GM":"Gambia"},
{"GE":"Georgia"},
{"DE":"Germany"},
{"GH":"Ghana"},
{"GI":"Gibraltar"},
{"GR":"Greece"},
{"GL":"Greenland"},
{"GD":"Grenada"},
{"GP":"Guadeloupe"},
{"GU":"Guam"},
{"GT":"Guatemala"},
{"GN":"Guinea"},
{"GW":"Guinea-Bissau"},
{"GY":"Guyana"},
{"HT":"Haiti"},
{"HM":"Heard and Mc Donald Islands"},
{"HN":"Honduras"},
{"HK":"Hong Kong"},
{"HU":"Hungary"},
{"IS":"Iceland"},
{"IN":"India"},
{"ID":"Indonesia"},
{"IR":"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"},
{"IQ":"Iraq"},
{"IE":"Ireland"},
{"IL":"Israel"},
{"IT":"Italy"},
{"CI":"Ivory Coast"},
{"JM":"Jamaica"},
{"JP":"Japan"},
{"JO":"Jordan"},
{"KZ":"Kazakhstan"},
{"KE":"Kenya"},
{"KI":"Kiribati"},
{"KP":"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of"},
{"KR":"Korea, Republic of"},
{"KW":"Kuwait"},
{"KG":"Kyrgyzstan"},
{"LA":"Lao People's Democratic Republic"},
{"LV":"Latvia"},
{"LB":"Lebanon"},
{"LS":"Lesotho"},
{"LR":"Liberia"},
{"LY":"Libyan Arab Jamahiriya"},
{"LI":"Liechtenstein"},
{"LT":"Lithuania"},
{"LU":"Luxembourg"},
{"MO":"Macau"},
{"MK":"Macedonia"},
{"MG":"Madagascar"},
{"MW":"Malawi"},
{"MY":"Malaysia"},
{"MV":"Maldives"},
{"ML":"Mali"},
{"MT":"Malta"},
{"MH":"Marshall Islands"},
{"MQ":"Martinique"},
{"MR":"Mauritania"},
{"MU":"Mauritius"},
{"TY":"Mayotte"},
{"MX":"Mexico"},
{"FM":"Micronesia, Federated States of"},
{"MD":"Moldova, Republic of"},
{"MC":"Monaco"},
{"MN":"Mongolia"},
{"MS":"Montserrat"},
{"MA":"Morocco"},
{"MZ":"Mozambique"},
{"MM":"Myanmar"},
{"NA":"Namibia"},
{"NR":"Nauru"},
{"NP":"Nepal"},
{"NL":"Netherlands"},
{"AN":"Netherlands Antilles"},
{"NC":"New Caledonia"},
{"NZ":"New Zealand"},
{"NI":"Nicaragua"},
{"NE":"Niger"},
{"NG":"Nigeria"},
{"NU":"Niue"},
{"NF":"Norfork Island"},
{"MP":"Northern Mariana Islands"},
{"NO":"Norway"},
{"OM":"Oman"},
{"PK":"Pakistan"},
{"PW":"Palau"},
{"PA":"Panama"},
{"PG":"Papua New Guinea"},
{"PY":"Paraguay"},
{"PE":"Peru"},
{"PH":"Philippines"},
{"PN":"Pitcairn"},
{"PL":"Poland"},
{"PT":"Portugal"},
{"PR":"Puerto Rico"},
{"QA":"Qatar"},
{"RE":"Reunion"},
{"RO":"Romania"},
{"RU":"Russian Federation"},
{"RW":"Rwanda"},
{"KN":"Saint Kitts and Nevis"},
{"LC":"Saint Lucia"},
{"VC":"Saint Vincent and the Grenadines"},
{"WS":"Samoa"},
{"SM":"San Marino"},
{"ST":"Sao Tome and Principe"},
{"SA":"Saudi Arabia"},
{"SN":"Senegal"},
{"SC":"Seychelles"},
{"SL":"Sierra Leone"},
{"SG":"Singapore"},
{"SK":"Slovakia"},
{"SI":"Slovenia"},
{"SB":"Solomon Islands"},
{"SO":"Somalia"},
{"ZA":"South Africa"},
{"GS":"South Georgia South Sandwich Islands"},
{"ES":"Spain"},
{"LK":"Sri Lanka"},
{"SH":"St. Helena"},
{"PM":"St. Pierre and Miquelon"},
{"SD":"Sudan"},
{"SR":"Suriname"},
{"SJ":"Svalbarn and Jan Mayen Islands"},
{"SZ":"Swaziland"},
{"SE":"Sweden"},
{"CH":"Switzerland"},
{"SY":"Syrian Arab Republic"},
{"TW":"Taiwan"},
{"TJ":"Tajikistan"},
{"TZ":"Tanzania, United Republic of"},
{"TH":"Thailand"},
{"TG":"Togo"},
{"TK":"Tokelau"},
{"TO":"Tonga"},
{"TT":"Trinidad and Tobago"},
{"TN":"Tunisia"},
{"TR":"Turkey"},
{"TM":"Turkmenistan"},
{"TC":"Turks and Caicos Islands"},
{"TV":"Tuvalu"},
{"UG":"Uganda"},
{"UA":"Ukraine"},
{"AE":"United Arab Emirates"},
{"GB":"United Kingdom"},
{"UM":"United States minor outlying islands"},
{"UY":"Uruguay"},
{"UZ":"Uzbekistan"},
{"VU":"Vanuatu"},
{"VA":"Vatican City State"},
{"VE":"Venezuela"},
{"VN":"Vietnam"},
{"VG":"Virigan Islands (British)"},
{"VI":"Virgin Islands (U.S.)"},
{"WF":"Wallis and Futuna Islands"},
{"EH":"Western Sahara"},
{"YE":"Yemen"},
{"YU":"Yugoslavia"},
{"ZR":"Zaire"},
{"ZM":"Zambia"},
{"ZW":"Zimbabwe"}
]
@doublemarked

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commented May 13, 2013

You have a typo on VG: "Virigan" should be "Virgin".

@raleighvon

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commented Jul 11, 2013

{"SS" : "South Sudan"} is now a country

@MathRobin

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commented Sep 1, 2013

Thank you !

@ozanakman

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commented Aug 13, 2014

Thank u very much u saved my time ^^

@orszaczky

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commented Mar 6, 2015

This is not a full list. Serbia is missing.
This list (bottom one) is apparently more complete: https://gist.github.com/Keeguon/2310008

@xpuc7o

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commented Jul 21, 2015

Also Montenegro is missing.

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