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@klzgrad
klzgrad / Naive-VPN.md
Created Nov 17, 2014
朴素VPN:一个纯内核级静态隧道
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朴素VPN:一个纯内核级静态隧道

由于路由管控系统的建立,实时动态黑洞路由已成为最有效的封锁手段,TCP连接重置和DNS污染成为次要手段,利用漏洞的穿墙方法已不再具有普遍意义。对此应对方法是多样化协议的VPN来抵抗识别。这里介绍一种太简单、有时很朴素的“穷人VPN”。

朴素VPN只需要一次内核配置(Linux内核),即可永久稳定运行,不需要任何用户态守护进程。所有流量转换和加密全部由内核完成,原生性能,开销几乎没有。静态配置,避免动态握手和参数协商产生指纹特征导致被识别。并且支持NAT,移动的内网用户可以使用此方法。支持广泛,基于L2TPv3标准,Linux内核3.2+都有支持,其他操作系统原则上也能支持。但有两个局限:需要root权限;一个隧道只支持一个用户。

朴素VPN利用UDP封装的静态L2TP隧道实现VPN,内核XFRM实现静态IPsec。实际上IP-in-IP隧道即可实现VPN,但是这种协议无法穿越NAT,因此必须利用UDP封装。内核3.18将支持Foo-over-UDP,在UDP里面直接封装IP,与静态的L2TP-over-UDP很类似。

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@klange
klange / _.md
Last active Feb 24, 2020
It's a résumé, as a readable and compilable C source file. Since Hacker News got here, this has been updated to be most of my actual résumé. This isn't a serious document, just a concept to annoy people who talk about recruiting and the formats they accept résumés in. It's also relatively representative of my coding style.
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Since this is on Hacker News and reddit...

  • No, I don't distribute my résumé like this. A friend of mine made a joke about me being the kind of person who would do this, so I did (the link on that page was added later). My actual résumé is a good bit crazier.
  • I apologize for the use of _t in my types. I spend a lot of time at a level where I can do that; "reserved for system libraries? I am the system libraries".
  • Since people kept complaining, I've fixed the assignments of string literals to non-const char *s.
  • My use of type * name, however, is entirely intentional.
  • If you're using an older compiler, you might have trouble with the anonymous unions and the designated initializers - I think gcc 4.4 requires some extra braces to get them working together. Anything reasonably recent should work fine. Clang and gcc (newer than 4.4, at le
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