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SSL and cookie handling with libcurl
#include <stdio.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
/* Compiling example:
*
* gcc -o curltest curl_ssl_cookies.c -L./lib/ -I./lib/include -lcurl -Wl,-rpath ./lib
*
*/
/* Example cookie handling copied from:
* http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/c/cookie_interface.html
* Example SSL request adapted from:
* http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/c/https.html
*/
static void print_cookies(CURL *curl)
{
CURLcode res;
struct curl_slist *cookies;
struct curl_slist *nc;
int i;
printf("Cookies, curl knows:\n");
res = curl_easy_getinfo(curl, CURLINFO_COOKIELIST, &cookies);
if (res != CURLE_OK) {
fprintf(stderr, "Curl curl_easy_getinfo failed: %s\n", curl_easy_strerror(res));
return;
}
nc = cookies, i = 1;
while (nc) {
printf("[%d]: %s\n", i, nc->data);
nc = nc->next;
i++;
}
if (i == 1) {
printf("(none)\n");
}
curl_slist_free_all(cookies);
}
void download(const char* url, const char* cert)
{
CURL *curl;
CURLcode res;
curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);
curl = curl_easy_init();
if (curl)
{
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, 1L);
// make sure to verify everything
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, 1L);
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2L); // yes, 2L is the correct value
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSLKEYTYPE, "PEM");
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CAINFO, cert);
// if you are using OpenSSL, this option may be useful to you:
//curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CAPATH, "./assets/certs/");
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, url);
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, ""); /* just to start the cookie engine */
/* Perform the request, res will get the return code */
res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
/* Check for errors */
if (res != CURLE_OK)
fprintf(stderr, "curl_easy_perform() failed: %s\n",
curl_easy_strerror(res));
print_cookies(curl);
printf("Erasing curl's knowledge of cookies!\n");
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_COOKIELIST, "ALL");
print_cookies(curl);
/* always cleanup */
curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
}
curl_global_cleanup();
}
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
if (argc < 3)
{
printf("Usage: %s <url> <pem>\n", argv[0]);
return 1;
}
download(argv[1], argv[2]);
return 0;
}
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