Sessions and Conversations
HTTP is a stateless protocol. Sessions allow us to chain multiple requests together into a conversation between client and server.
Sessions should be an option of last resort. If there's no where else that the data can possibly go to achieve the desired functionality, only then should it be stored in the session. Sessions can be vulnerable to security threats from third parties, malicious users, and can cause scaling problems.
That doesn't mean we can't use sessions, but we should only use them where necessary.