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@ydhao /Vue_learn.md
Last active Apr 16, 2018

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Vue-dem Learn

配置基本环境

1、安装node.js

参考文档:https://nodejs.org/zh-cn/

使用nvm作为node.js版本管理工具

curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.33.9/install.sh | bash

wget -qO- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/creationix/nvm/v0.33.9/install.sh | bash

脚本会把nvm仓库clone到家目录下的.nvm下,并且添加下面环境变量到你本地的profile下(~/.bash_profile, ~/.zshrc, ~/.profile, or ~/.bashrc).

export NVM_DIR="$HOME/.nvm"
[ -s "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" ] && \. "$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh" # This loads nvm

验证安装成功:

➜  ~ nvm --version
0.33.2
nvm install <version>

nvm list

nvm use <version>

nvm uninstall <version>

2、安装yarn

参考文档:https://yarn.bootcss.com/docs/install.html

安装成功后:

➜  ~ yarn --version
1.3.2

➜  ~ yarn config set registry https://registry.npm.taobao.org -g

初始化vue-cli

➜  ~ yarn global add vue-cli
yarn global v1.3.2
[1/4] 🔍  Resolving packages...
[2/4] 🚚  Fetching packages...
[3/4] 🔗  Linking dependencies...
[4/4] 📃  Building fresh packages...
success Installed "vue-cli@2.9.3" with binaries:
      - vue
      - vue-init
      - vue-list
✨  Done in 2.05s.


➜  ~ vue init webpack vue-demo

  A newer version of vue-cli is available.

  latest:    2.9.3
  installed: 2.9.2

? Project name vue-demo
? Project description A Vue.js project
? Author ydhao <ydhao@clustertech.com>
? Vue build standalone
? Install vue-router? Yes
? Use ESLint to lint your code? Yes
? Pick an ESLint preset Standard
? Set up unit tests No
? Setup e2e tests with Nightwatch? No
? Should we run `npm install` for you after the project has been created? (recommended) yarn

   vue-cli · Generated "vue-demo".


# Installing project dependencies ...
# ========================

yarn install v1.3.2
info No lockfile found.
[1/5] 🔍  Validating package.json...
[2/5] 🔍  Resolving packages...
[3/5] 🚚  Fetching packages...
[4/5] 🔗  Linking dependencies...
[5/5] 📃  Building fresh packages...
success Saved lockfile.
✨  Done in 40.69s.


Running eslint --fix to comply with chosen preset rules...
# ========================

yarn run v1.3.2
$ eslint --ext .js,.vue src --fix
✨  Done in 2.25s.

# Project initialization finished!
# ========================

To get started:

  cd vue-demo
  npm run dev

Documentation can be found at https://vuejs-templates.github.io/webpack

vue-cli目录结构

.
|-- build                            // 项目构建(webpack)相关代码
|   |-- build.js                     // 生产环境构建代码
|   |-- check-version.js             // 检查node、npm等版本
|   |-- utils.js                     // 构建工具相关
|   |-- vue-loader.js                // 处理.vue文件
|   |-- webpack.base.conf.js         // webpack基础配置
|   |-- webpack.dev.conf.js          // webpack开发环境配置
|   |-- webpack.prod.conf.js         // webpack生产环境配置
|-- config                           // 项目开发环境配置
|   |-- dev.env.js                   // 开发环境变量
|   |-- index.js                     // 项目一些配置变量
|   |-- prod.env.js                  // 生产环境变量
|-- src                              // 源码目录
|   |-- components                     // vue公共组件
|   |-- store                          // vuex的状态管理
|   |-- App.vue                        // 页面入口文件
|   |-- router                         // 项目路由
|   |-- main.js                        // 程序入口文件,加载各种公共组件
|-- static                           // 静态文件,比如一些图片,json数据等
|-- .babelrc                         // ES6语法编译配置
|-- .editorconfig                    // 定义代码格式
|-- .eslintrc.js                     // 定义Eslint规则
|-- .gitignore                       // git上传需要忽略的文件格式
|-- README.md                        // 项目说明
|-- index.html                       // 入口页面
|-- package.json                     // 项目基本信息

package.json

{
  "name": "{{ name }}",// 项目名称
  "version": "1.0.0",// 版本
  "description": "{{ description }}",// 描述
  "author": "{{ author }}",// 作者
  "private": true,//是否私人项目
  "scripts": {
    "dev": "node build/dev-server.js",// npm run dev 的 dev,使用node执行 build/dev-server.js
    "start": "node build/dev-server.js",// npm run start 跑的是同样的命令
    "build": "node build/build.js"{{#unit}
  },// npm run build 跑的是 node build/build.js
  // 以下脚本为单元测试用到的脚本
  "unit": "cross-env BABEL_ENV=test karma start test/unit/karma.conf.js --single-run"{{/unit}}{{#e2e}},
  "e2e": "node test/e2e/runner.js"{{/e2e}}{{#if_or unit e2e}},
  "test": "{{#unit}}npm run unit{{/unit}}{{#unit}}{{#e2e}} && {{/e2e}}{{/unit}}{{#e2e}}npm run e2e{{/e2e}}"{{/if_or}}{{#lint}},
  "lint": "eslint --ext .js,.vue src{{#unit}} test/unit/specs{{/unit}}{{#e2e}} test/e2e/specs{{/e2e}}"{{/lint}} },
  // dependencies 设定的是项目里使用的依赖,devDependencies设定的是开发使用的依赖
  "dependencies": {
    "vue": "^2.2.6"{{#router}},// 项目依赖vue.js
    "vue-router": "^2.3.1"{{/router}}// 项目依赖vue-router
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "autoprefixer": "^6.7.2",// 是用于给css3属性自动加属性前缀的 // babel相关的都是用于处理es6语法的
    "babel-core": "^6.22.1",
    {{#lint}} "babel-eslint": "^7.1.1",
    {{/lint}} "babel-loader": "^6.2.10",
    "babel-plugin-transform-runtime": "^6.22.0",
    "babel-preset-env": "^1.3.2",
    "babel-preset-stage-2": "^6.22.0",
    "babel-register": "^6.22.0", //
    "chalk": "^1.1.3",// chalk适用于格式化输出命令行信息的,比如run dev以后的start...
    "connect-history-api-fallback": "^1.3.0",//
    "copy-webpack-plugin": "^4.0.1",//
    "css-loader": "^0.28.0",// 所有的*-loader都是 webpack的扩展,webpack是把各种资源理解为一个模块,css-loader就是读取css模块的加载器
  {{#lint}}
  // eslint 是代码格式化检查工具,开启以后要严格遵照它规定的格式进行开发
  "eslint": "^3.19.0",
  "eslint-friendly-formatter": "^2.0.7",
  "eslint-loader": "^1.7.1",
  "eslint-plugin-html": "^2.0.0",
  {{#if_eq lintConfig "standard"}} "eslint-config-standard": "^6.2.1",
  "eslint-plugin-promise": "^3.4.0",
  "eslint-plugin-standard": "^2.0.1",
  {{/if_eq}} {{#if_eq lintConfig "airbnb"}} "eslint-config-airbnb-base": "^11.1.3",
  "eslint-import-resolver-webpack": "^0.8.1",
  "eslint-plugin-import": "^2.2.0",
  {{/if_eq}} {{/lint}} "eventsource-polyfill": "^0.9.6",
  "express": "^4.14.1",// express 用于启动 node http server的服务
  "extract-text-webpack-plugin": "^2.0.0",
  "file-loader": "^0.11.1",
  "friendly-errors-webpack-plugin": "^1.1.3",
  "html-webpack-plugin": "^2.28.0",// webpack 里载入和处理html的插件
  "http-proxy-middleware": "^0.17.3",// node server 的中间件工具
  "webpack-bundle-analyzer": "^2.2.1",
  {{#unit}} "cross-env": "^4.0.0",// 设定环境变量的工具,NODE_ENV变量跟它有关
  // karma相关的都是单元测试工具
  "karma": "^1.4.1",
  "karma-coverage": "^1.1.1",
  "karma-mocha": "^1.3.0",
  "karma-phantomjs-launcher": "^1.0.2",
  "karma-phantomjs-shim": "^1.4.0",
  "karma-sinon-chai": "^1.3.1",
  "karma-sourcemap-loader": "^0.3.7",
  "karma-spec-reporter": "0.0.30",
  "karma-webpack": "^2.0.2",
  "lolex": "^1.5.2",
  "mocha": "^3.2.0",
  "chai": "^3.5.0",
  "sinon": "^2.1.0",
  "sinon-chai": "^2.8.0",
  "inject-loader": "^3.0.0",
  "babel-plugin-istanbul": "^4.1.1",
  "phantomjs-prebuilt": "^2.1.14",
  {{/unit}} {{#e2e}} "chromedriver": "^2.27.2",
  "cross-spawn": "^5.0.1",
  "nightwatch": "^0.9.12",
  "selenium-server": "^3.0.1",
  {{/e2e}} "semver": "^5.3.0",// 一个版本检查工具
  "shelljs": "^0.7.6",// selljs是在node里跑shell命令的工具,比如‘rm -rf’ "opn": "^4.0.2",
  // 跨平台的开启文件或者网页的工具
  "optimize-css-assets-webpack-plugin": "^1.3.0",
  "ora": "^1.2.0",// 命令行里自动运行的信息提示
  "rimraf": "^2.6.0",// 跑shell命令 rm-rf 的工具
  "url-loader": "^0.5.8", // 配合webpack的加载器
  "vue-loader": "^11.3.4", // 配合webpack的加载器
  "vue-style-loader": "^2.0.5", // 配合webpack的加载器
  "vue-template-compiler": "^2.2.6", // vue-template-compiler,可能是配合离线版vue
  // webpack相关的用于,把图片,*.vue, *.js, 这些组合成最终的项目,webpack-dev用于跑测试服务器
  "webpack": "^2.3.3",
  "webpack-dev-middleware": "^1.10.0",
  "webpack-hot-middleware": "^2.18.0",
  "webpack-merge": "^4.1.0" },
  // 项目依赖的引擎版本
  "engines": {
    "node": ">= 4.0.0",
    "npm": ">= 3.0.0"
  },
  "browserslist": [
    "> 1%",
    "last 2 versions",
    "not ie <= 8"
  ]
}
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