Read-only FS on Arch Linux ARM
Unlike your typical computer where you usually shutdown properly, I cannot rely on this during the use of my Raspberry Pi. If the Raspberry Pi is improperly shutdown too many times, data corruption in the file system leading to unbootable SD card may result. So we should use a read-only file system.
Full instructions and explanations are obtained from this link but you can run these commands directly. I modified some of the instructions for personal convenience.
Login with default username: alarm, password: alarm
#Optionally enable root over SSH. The rest of these instructions assume u are in root. su nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config #Add "PermitRootLogin yes" to the Authentication section after "#PermitRootLogin prohibit-password" then save reboot #Login as root #Update everything first, remove cache then reboot to detect problems pacman -Syu # Delete certs if you see a message like "/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt exists in filesystem" then rerun pacman -Syu rm /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt #May be needed if the pacman version has changed during the update pacman-db-upgrade #Optional if you want to clear the cache pacman -Sc reboot #Change timezone (optional) rm /etc/localtime ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Singapore /etc/localtime #Relocate DNS cache (This step causes DNS problems on the latest Arch Linux ARM kernels so skip this) #rm /etc/resolv.conf #ln -s /tmp/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf #Adjust /etc/fstab, add/modify to the following hashed lines. Mount certain directories to RAM disk. nano /etc/fstab #Add the following lines up to the #end. Include the first commented line in case you have to set to write enabled next time. #/dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot vfat defaults 0 0 /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot vfat defaults,ro,errors=remount-ro 0 0 tmpfs /var/log tmpfs nodev,nosuid 0 0 tmpfs /var/tmp tmpfs nodev,nosuid 0 0 #end #Adjust journald service to not log the system log to prevent flooding of the /var/log folder nano /etc/systemd/journald.conf #Uncomment and set "Storage=none" #To mount / partition as read-only nano /boot/cmdline.txt #Replace the "rw" flag with the "ro" flag right after the root= parameter. #Disable systemd services #systemctl disable systemd-readahead-collect #Not working now systemctl disable systemd-random-seed #systemctl disable ntpd #Not working now #Put shortcut shell scripts to re-enable read-write temporarily if needed printf "mount -o remount,rw /\nmount -o remount,rw /boot" > writeenable.sh printf "mount -o remount,ro /\nmount -o remount,ro /boot" > readonly.sh chmod 500 writeenable.sh chmod 500 readonly.sh #Change your password if needed (Optional) "passwd root" or "passwd alarm" #Remove history history -c -w reboot
To enable read-write temporarily to do say an update, just run