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Convert byte array to string with the correct BOM, extension method
public static class Extensions
{
/// <summary>
/// Converts a byte array to a string, using its byte order mark to convert it to the right encoding.
/// Original article: http://www.west-wind.com/WebLog/posts/197245.aspx
/// </summary>
/// <param name="buffer">An array of bytes to convert</param>
/// <returns>The byte as a string.</returns>
public static string GetString(this byte[] buffer)
{
if (buffer == null || buffer.Length == 0)
return "";
// Ansi as default
Encoding encoding = Encoding.Default;
/*
EF BB BF UTF-8
FF FE UTF-16 little endian
FE FF UTF-16 big endian
FF FE 00 00 UTF-32, little endian
00 00 FE FF UTF-32, big-endian
*/
if (buffer[0] == 0xef && buffer[1] == 0xbb && buffer[2] == 0xbf)
encoding = Encoding.UTF8;
else if (buffer[0] == 0xfe && buffer[1] == 0xff)
encoding = Encoding.Unicode;
else if (buffer[0] == 0xfe && buffer[1] == 0xff)
encoding = Encoding.BigEndianUnicode; // utf-16be
else if (buffer[0] == 0 && buffer[1] == 0 && buffer[2] == 0xfe && buffer[3] == 0xff)
encoding = Encoding.UTF32;
else if (buffer[0] == 0x2b && buffer[1] == 0x2f && buffer[2] == 0x76)
encoding = Encoding.UTF7;
using (MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream())
{
stream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
stream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
using (StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(stream, encoding))
{
return reader.ReadToEnd();
}
}
}
}
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