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Install Proxmox and a RancherOS VM with Portainer to manage docker containers

WARNING MAY BE INCORRECT AND INCOMPLETE, USE AT YOUR OWN RISK

I have tried this setup and although it works and may be good for ceratin circumstances I would advise using ubuntu as the base with docker, docker-compose, and portainer. https://gist.github.com/mow4cash/626275e095f7f90898944a85d66b3be6

Link to my docker run file https://gist.github.com/mow4cash/6a25343cdeb0cd115f263dea0a3b623d

Setup Proxmox

  1. Install Proxmox 6.X iso
  2. Console/SSH into Proxmox
  3. nano /etc/apt/sources.list
  4. edit the file to look like this
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian buster main contrib
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian buster-updates main contrib

# PVE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-no-subscription

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org buster/updates main contrib
  1. apt update && apt dist-upgrade -y
  2. reboot system

Install RancherOS

  1. Upload the RancherOS iso to (local)pve
  2. Setup a VM with RancherOS ISO as CD. Give it at least 3gb ram to start. Rancher Server failed with low ram
  3. Boot
  4. From Console change password -sudo bash -passwd rancher
  5. SSH to rancher@
  6. prepare your ssh keys with putty gen
    -vi cloud-config.yml
  7. paste the cloud config edited with your settings, make sure the pasted data is pated correctly, add your key in a single line and make sure the file has #cloud-config in the beginning
  8. press exit exit :wq to save
#cloud-config

rancher: rancheros
  network:
    interfaces:
      eth0:
        address: 10.68.69.92/24
        gateway: 10.68.69.1
        mtu: 1500
        dhcp: false
    dns:
      nameservers:
      - 1.1.1.1
      - 8.8.4.4

ssh_authorized_keys:
  - ssh-rsa <YOUR KEY>  
  1. sudo ros config validate -i cloud-config.yml
  2. sudo ros install -c cloud-config.yml -d /dev/sda
  3. Remove CD Image from VM, and then reboot.
  4. SSH back into RancherOS (rancher@) using your new ssh private key

Create NFS Shares on FreeNAS

  1. create a unix dataset called appsNFS with root and wheel as the user, set a quota for 50gb
  2. create a nfs share to the dataset you created, select all dirs, mapall user:group to root:wheel
  3. enable nfs sharing and select nfsv4, allow non-root, nfsv3 ownership for nfsv4
  4. reboot freenas

Add NFS mnt to RancherOS

sudo ros config set mounts '[["10.68.69.2:/mnt/myVol/appsNFS", "/mnt/appsNFS", "nfs4",""]]'

Install Portainer with NFS share

sudo docker run -d -p 9000:9000 -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock --restart always --name portainer -v /mnt/appsNFS/portainer:/data portainer/portainer
  1. Navigate to http://hostIP:9000 and select local
  2. When adding volumes to a container select bind and use the path /mnt/appsNFS/whateveryouwanthere

Add macvlan so containers are given an IP and mac from your LAN

https://www.portainer.io/2018/09/using-macvlan-portainer-io/

  1. click add network
  2. select macvlan
  3. enter in your lan network
  4. select enable manual connection
  5. when creating a container select the network you just added and give it an availble static IP

Rancher OS commands and resources

sudo vi /var/lib/rancher/conf/cloud-config.yml  ##edit config file

https://medium.com/the-code-review/clean-out-your-docker-images-containers-and-volumes-with-single-commands-b8e38253c271 https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-remove-docker-images-containers-and-volumes

Updates

Proxmox

Your PVE GUI and slect the upgrade button

Rancher OS

sudo ros os upgrade

Update Portainer

docker stop portainer
docker rm portainer
docker pull portainer/portainer:latest
docker run -d -p 9000:9000 -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock --restart always --name portainer -v /mnt/appsNFS/portainer:/data portainer/portainer

Install Rancher (optional)

  • sudo docker run -d --restart=unless-stopped -p 80:80 -p 443:443 rancher/rancher

  • log in to ranhcer thorugh the web browser

  • Add Cluster.

  • Choose Custom.

  • Enter a Cluster Name. Click Next.

  • From Node Role, select all the roles: etcd, Control, and Worker.

  • Copy the command displayed on screen to your clipboard.

  • Log in to your Rancher host with PuTTy. Run the command copied to your clipboard.

  • When you finish running the command on your Linux host, click Done.

  • Wait for your cluster to finish provisioning

  • Reboot to make sure everything is working right

Creating your first container

  • In your cluster drop down tab select default then deploy
  • give it a name and add the ports and env needed
@8ear

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@8ear 8ear commented Jun 15, 2019

Very Nice!
I have done it in another setup.
Proxmox -> KVM VM -> RancherOS
But RancherOS is started via iPXE boot.
So I have a VM with an NFS Server and a TFTP Server and the DHCP distribute the next server and bootloader file. in the iPXE config I directly integrate the cloud-config.yml file. So I can create a new KVM VM add this VM to an fixed DHCP lease and start. After 5minute or so the VM is ready. :-)

Kind regards

@TechGuyTN

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@TechGuyTN TechGuyTN commented Jul 31, 2019

Can I install nginx on my "PVE", and if so would that allow me to create a 4 node Rancher HA Cluster with 4 separate vm's? Would I also be able to issue an LE Cert via Rancher/Ingress for the "PVE Web UI? This article (https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Web_Interface_Via_Nginx_Proxy) made me think it might be possible but I am pretty new to proxmox and rancher. I currently have Proxmox 5.4 - 11 installed. My main goal is to use Rancher to replace Plesk for managing my web apps/projects. I also have a friend with a server with same specs, I bought the one I have in hopes to combine our resources as we develop a lot together. Thanks in advance for any help/suggestions.

@8ear

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@8ear 8ear commented Aug 1, 2019

You can do it. But I do not recommend it to you.
You have different possiblities.

  1. Do it on the root system without any virtualization
  2. Install an HA Proxy in a VM (or PFsense like I'm) and route via IPtables all traffic from the server to this VM.
    EXCEPT: your SSH port :-)

I have in one VM a PFsense installed an all traffic will be redirected to this VM. This VM is the gateway between my VMs and LXCs and the Internet. :-)
Advantages:

  • One place for ACME certs
  • One place for new websites
  • One Place for firewall rules
  • ...
@TechGuyTN

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@TechGuyTN TechGuyTN commented Aug 1, 2019

So basically using PFsense as a load balancer? Any articles on this you can share? I am googling myself but if you know of any good ones dealing with proxmox also I would appreciate it.

@eduardomota

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@eduardomota eduardomota commented Mar 1, 2020

YAML correction

#cloud-config

rancher:
  network:
    interfaces:
      eth0:
        address: 10.68.69.92/24
        gateway: 10.68.69.1
        mtu: 1500
        dhcp: false
    dns:
      nameservers:
      - 1.1.1.1
      - 8.8.4.4

ssh_authorized_keys:
  - ssh-rsa <YOUR KEY>
@outlander4000

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@outlander4000 outlander4000 commented Jun 6, 2020

Thank you very for bringing me up to speed with this great tutorial!!

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