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SCSS mixin to support vh and vw units on all iOS Safari versions. Based on an idea by Patrick Burtchaell's:
* Fix for vw, vh, vmin, vmax on iOS 7.
* This fix works by replacing viewport units with px values on known screen sizes.
* iPhone 6 and 6 Plus cannot run iOS 7, so are not targeted by this fix.
* Target devices running iOS 8+ will incidentally execute the media query,
* but this will still produce the expected result; so this is not a problem.
* As an example, replace:
* height: 50vh;
* font-size: 5vmin;
* with:
* @include viewport-unit(height, 50vh);
* @include viewport-unit(font-size, 5vmin);
@mixin viewport-unit($property, $value) {
#{$property}: $value;
$unit: unit($value);
@if (index((vw, vh, vmin, vmax), $unit) != null) {
$devices: (
(768px, 1024px), // iPad (all versions)
(320px, 480px), // iPhone 4
(320px, 568px) // iPhone 5, 5C, 5S
@each $device in $devices {
$device-width: nth($device, 1);
$device-height: nth($device, 2);
$device-query: "only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1)";
$device-query: "#{$device-query} and (device-width: #{$device-width})";
$device-query: "#{$device-query} and (device-height: #{$device-height})";
$percent: $value / ($value * 0 + 1); // see
$percent-width: $device-width * $percent / 100;
$percent-height: $device-height * $percent / 100;
@if ($unit == vmin or $unit == vmax) {
@media #{$device-query} {
#{$property}: if($unit == vmin, $percent-width, $percent-height);
@else {
@media #{$device-query} and (orientation: portrait) {
#{$property}: if($unit == vw, $percent-width, $percent-height);
@media #{$device-query} and (orientation: landscape) {
#{$property}: if($unit == vw, $percent-height, $percent-width);

Neat! Now, what if I want to use it with calc (which I almost always do) ? Like @ include viewport-unit(max-height, calc(100vh - 113px)); That would make it perfect =)
Thanks anyways.


BenMorel commented Sep 22, 2015

That one is tough. Then only way I can think of at the moment, is to add an optional third parameter to the mixin, like $delta: 0px. Then change lines starting with #{$property} to include a calc() of the current value + $delta. So instead of @include viewport-unit(max-height, calc(100vh - 113px));, you would do @include viewport-unit(max-height, 100vh, -113px);. That would be limited to the simplest calculations, though.

Is this mixin also available in LESS? (sorry my project is in LESS). I wasn't able to convert this with sass2less converters :(

Exactly what I was looking for! Thanks!

sarukuku commented Dec 1, 2015

Clever. Clever indeed.

@AdmireNL I wrote a LESS mixin that does the same thing at

seafoam6 commented Apr 6, 2016

I just wanted to say THANK YOU!!!!!

tbcorr commented Apr 21, 2016

This is awesome, thank you!

This is useless.
First you cannot detect if it's Safari or any other browser in CSS. So these rules will apply in any browser, but you don't need it in Chrome or Opera because viewport units are calculated correctly there.
Second this mixin doesn't take in consideration the sizes of browser elements, like toolbars. For example the screen height of iPad is 1024px, but in Safari the real height of viewport (portrait) is 905px, because the toolbar (address etc) takes 119px.

can you plz explain how i can change the mixing to get height with minus calculation like height: calc(100vh - 680px);

css target hacks?

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