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PowerShell + Selenium Demo: Getting Started, and reusing cookies with Invoke-Request
# It might work in 4, but I'm not testing there. Lower you'll have to tweak code
#requires -Version 5.0
param(
# Your Live ID for MSDN login
[Parameter(Mandatory)]
[PSCredential]
[System.Management.Automation.CredentialAttribute()]
$Credential,
# Pick a browser to use. Defaults to Firefox (which doesn't seem to require an external Driver file)
# Works for sure with Firefox, Chrome, and Edge, and PhantomJS
# The edge driver must be manually installed from http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=619687
# The PhantomJS driver must be manually installed from http://phantomjs.org/download.html
# The IE driver on NuGet did not work for me.
# And I can't be bothered to mess with Opera or any of the others
[ValidateSet("Chrome", "Firefox", "Edge", "PhantomJS")] #
$Browser = "Firefox"
)
function Install-Selenium {
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory)]
[ValidateSet("Chrome", "Firefox", "InternetExplorer", "Edge", "Opera", "PhantomJS")] #
$Browser = "Firefox"
)
$Package = switch($Browser) {
"Edge" { "MicrosoftWebDriver" }
"InternetExplorer" { "IEDriver" }
"PhantomJS" { "PhantomJS" }
default { "${_}Driver" }
}
if(!("OpenQA.Selenium.By" -as [type])) {
if(!($WebDriverPath = Resolve-Path "$PSScriptRoot\Selenium.WebDriver.*\lib\net40" -ErrorActionPreference SilentlyContinue)) {
# Install Selenium from NuGet
Install-Package Selenium.WebDriver -Destination $PSScriptRoot
$WebDriverPath = Resolve-Path "$PSScriptRoot\Selenium.WebDriver.*\lib\net40"
}
# Load Selenium
Add-Type -Path (Join-Path $WebDriverPath WebDriver.dll)
}
# If we need a driver ...
if(($Browser -ne "Firefox") -and !(Get-Command "${Package}*.exe")) {
# Chrome seems to be the only one we can auto-fetch from NuGet
# The others may have packages on NuGet, but those did not work for me
if($Browser -eq "Chrome") {
Install-Package Selenium.WebDriver.${Package} -Destination $PSScriptRoot
$Env:Path += ";" + ((Resolve-Path "scripts\Selenium.WebDriver.*Driver.*\driver\") -join ";")
}
}
$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"
}
function Get-Selenium {
#.Synopsis
# Get a Selenium automation driver for the specified browser
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory)]
[ValidateSet("Chrome", "Firefox", "InternetExplorer", "Edge", "Opera", "PhantomJS")] #
$Browser = "Firefox"
)
$Driver = switch($Browser) {
"InternetExplorer" { "IE" }
default { $_ }
}
if(!("OpenQA.Selenium.${Driver}.${Browser}Driver" -as [type])) {
Install-Selenium $Browser
}
return ($global:Selenium = New-Object OpenQA.Selenium.${Driver}.${Browser}Driver)
}
$Selenium = Get-Selenium $Browser
# TODO: See if it's enough to just go to login.live.com
$msdn = "https://login.live.com/login.srf?wa=wsignin1.0&wreply=https%3a%2f%2fmsdn.microsoft.com%2fen-us%2fsubscriptions%2fdownloads%2f"
$Selenium.Navigate().GoToUrl($msdn)
Start-Sleep 1
# Sometimes it remembers my name
if(($name = $Selenium.FindElementByCssSelector('input[type="email"]')) -and $name.Displayed) {
Write-Verbose "Sending UserName"
$name.SendKeys($Credential.UserName)
}
# But if the password box isn't there, we were probably already logged in
$pass = $Selenium.FindElementByCssSelector('input[type="password"]')
$pass.Clear() # sometimes it's pre-populated if your browser stores it...
$pass.SendKeys($Credential.GetNetworkCredential().Password)
$send = $Selenium.FindElementByCssSelector('input[type="submit"]')
$send.Submit()
$count = 0
while($Selenium.Url -notmatch "^https://msdn.microsoft.com/.*/downloads/") {
Start-Sleep -milli 500
if(2 -lt $count++) {
if($Selenium.Url.StartsWith("https://login.live.com/ppsecure/post.srf")) {
if($otc = $Selenium.FindElementByCssSelector('input[name="otc"]')) {
$code = Read-Host "We need your 2FA one-time code"
$otc.SendKeys($code)
$otc.Submit()
}
break
} else {
Write-Warning "We don't seem to have arrived at the downloads page. Current Url: $($Selenium.Url)"
break
}
}
}
if($Selenium.Url.StartsWith("https://login.live.com/ppsecure/post.srf")) {
if($otc = $Selenium.FindElementByCssSelector('input[name="otc"]')) {
$code = Read-Host "We need your 2FA one-time code"
$otc.SendKeys($code)
$otc.Submit()
}
}
if($Selenium.Manage().Cookies.AllCookies.Count -eq 0) {
throw "Couldn't get authentication cookie from $Browser"
}
# Precreate a session object
$response = Invoke-WebRequest login.live.com -SessionVariable Jar
# Fill it with nice warm cookies (ignoring expiration dates)
$Selenium.Manage().Cookies.AllCookies | Select-Object Name, Value, Domain, Secure | % { $Jar.Cookies.Add([Net.Cookie]$_) }
# Trade it for the MSDN keys
[xml](Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility\Invoke-WebRequest https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/subscriptions/securejson/getallexportkeys?brand=msdn -WebSession $Jar).Content
@afalahi

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@afalahi afalahi commented Dec 10, 2017

You're calling "-ErrorActionPreference" on line 36 as a parameter, when the correct one is "-ErrorAction". The script errors out just fyi. Thanks for your work!

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