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@Mygod
Last active April 22, 2024 17:14
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Export your Windows Bluetooth LE keys into Linux!
#!/usr/bin/python3
"""
Copyright 2021 Mygod
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
What is this: Export your Windows Bluetooth LE keys into Linux!
Thanks to:
* http://console.systems/2014/09/how-to-pair-low-energy-le-bluetooth.html
* https://gist.github.com/corecoding/eac76d3da20c7e427a1848b8aed8e334/revisions#diff-6eeb0d27c24cc10680e8574f75648585
Usage:
$ ./export-ble-infos.py <args>
$ sudo bash -c 'cp -r ./bluetooth /var/lib && service bluetooth force-reload'
$ rm -r bluetooth
"""
import os
import shutil
import subprocess
import sys
import tempfile
from configparser import ConfigParser
from optparse import OptionParser
default_template = """
[General]
Name=Designer Mouse
Appearance=0x03c2
AddressType=static
SupportedTechnologies=LE;
Trusted=true
Blocked=false
Services=00001800-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb;00001801-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb;0000180a-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb;0000180f-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb;00001812-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb;
[IdentityResolvingKey]
Key=
[LocalSignatureKey]
Key=
Counter=0
Authenticated=false
[LongTermKey]
Key=
Authenticated=0
EncSize=16
EDiv=
Rand=
[DeviceID]
Source=2
Vendor=1118
Product=2053
Version=272
[ConnectionParameters]
MinInterval=6
MaxInterval=6
Latency=60
Timeout=300
"""
def main():
parser = OptionParser()
parser.add_option("-v", "--verbose", action='store_true', dest='verbose')
parser.add_option("-s", "--system", dest="system", metavar="FILE",
default="/mnt/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM",
help="SYSTEM file in Windows. Usually at /Windows/System32/config/system.")
parser.add_option("-k", "--key", dest="key", metavar="KEY",
default=r"ControlSet001\Services\BTHPORT\Parameters\Keys",
help="Registry key for BT. [default: %default]")
parser.add_option("-o", "--output", dest="output", metavar="DIR", default="bluetooth",
help="Output directory. [default: %default]")
parser.add_option("-t", "--template", dest="template", metavar="FILE", help="Template file.")
parser.add_option("-a", "--attributes", dest='attributes', help="Additional attributes file to be copied.")
options, args = parser.parse_args()
if options.template:
with open(options.template) as file:
template = file.read()
else:
template = default_template
out = tempfile.mktemp(".reg")
reged = subprocess.Popen(["reged", "-x", options.system, '\\', options.key, out], stdout=sys.stderr)
reged.wait()
if reged.returncode:
return reged.returncode
dump = ConfigParser()
with open(out) as file:
reged_out = file.read()
if options.verbose:
print(reged_out)
dump.read_string(reged_out.split('\n', 1)[1])
os.unlink(out)
for section in dump:
path = section[len(options.key) + 2:].split('\\')
assert not path[0]
if len(path) == 3:
path[1] = ':'.join([path[1][i:i + 2] for i in range(0, len(path[1]), 2)]).upper()
path[2] = ':'.join([path[2][i:i + 2] for i in range(0, len(path[2]), 2)]).upper()
print("Dumping {}/{}...".format(path[1], path[2]))
config = ConfigParser()
config.optionxform = str
# See if device has been paired in Linux before
existing_template = '/var/lib/bluetooth/{}/{}/info'.format(path[1], path[2])
if (os.path.exists(existing_template)):
with open(existing_template) as file:
config.read_string(file.read())
else:
config.read_string(template)
def read_reg(key, expected_type):
def read_reg_actual(key, expected_type):
actual_type, content = dump[section]['"{}"'.format(key)].split(':', 1)
if expected_type == 'hex16':
assert actual_type == 'hex'
content = content.split(',')
assert len(content) == 16
return ''.join(content).upper()
if expected_type == 'qword':
assert actual_type == 'hex(b)'
content = content.split(',')
assert len(content) == 8
return str(int(''.join(content[::-1]), 16))
if expected_type == 'dword':
assert actual_type == expected_type
return str(int(content, 16))
assert False
result = read_reg_actual(key, expected_type)
if options.verbose:
print("{} of type {}: {}".format(key, expected_type, result))
return result
config['LongTermKey']['Key'] = read_reg('LTK', 'hex16')
# KeyLength ignored for now
config['LongTermKey']['Rand'] = read_reg('ERand', 'qword')
config['LongTermKey']['EDiv'] = read_reg('EDIV', 'dword')
if '"IRK"' in dump[section]:
config['IdentityResolvingKey']['Key'] = read_reg('IRK', 'hex16')
if '"CSRK"' in dump[section]:
config['LocalSignatureKey']['Key'] = read_reg('CSRK', 'hex16')
output_dir = os.path.join(options.output, path[1], path[2])
os.makedirs(output_dir, exist_ok=True)
with open(os.path.join(output_dir, 'info'), 'w') as file:
config.write(file, False)
if options.attributes:
shutil.copyfile(options.attributes, os.path.join(output_dir, 'attributes'))
if __name__ == "__main__":
sys.exit(main())
@Wahidur-Rahman
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@Wahidur-Rahman I have not tested it out but maybe @corecoding's fork could be useful to you.

Yes, that has worked, thanks!

@Mygod
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Mygod commented May 29, 2020

@Wahidur-Rahman Thanks for confirming! I have merged the relevant changes from @corecoding's fork.

@tkscripts
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tkscripts commented Jun 1, 2020

Running into a similar error but with IRK. No CSRK is being generated in my case either.

[Manjaro ~]# python3 export-ble-infos.py
reged version 0.1 140201, (c) Petter N Hagen
Exporting to file '/tmp/tmpebcobaf_.reg'...
Exporting key 'Keys' with 1 subkeys and 0 values...
Exporting key '8878732352bb' with 1 subkeys and 3 values...
Exporting key 'c9bf519682e9' with 0 subkeys and 6 values...
Dumping bluetooth/88:78:73:23:52:BB/C9:BF:51:96:82:E9
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "export-ble-infos.py", line 140, in
sys.exit(main())
File "export-ble-infos.py", line 127, in main
config['IdentityResolvingKey']['Key'] = read_reg('IRK', 'hex16')
File "export-ble-infos.py", line 119, in read_reg
result = read_reg_actual(key, expected_type)
File "export-ble-infos.py", line 104, in read_reg_actual
actual_type, content = dump[section]['"{}"'.format(key)].split(':', 1)
File "/usr/lib/python3.8/configparser.py", line 1254, in getitem
raise KeyError(key)
KeyError: '"IRK"'

BTKeys.reg Output:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\BTHPORT\Parameters\Keys]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\BTHPORT\Parameters\Keys\8878732352bb]
"2811a541d1bb"=hex:82,75,06,49,5b,52,75,c1,5a,19,fd,7a,1f,b0,79,4f
"MasterIRK"=hex:d0,03,49,6c,cf,3a,7a,9e,de,b5,8b,b7,a3,6c,43,49
"4801c570a524"=hex:14,28,5e,2a,0f,49,bf,8a,90,2b,6b,dd,20,f9,52,6b

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet001\Services\BTHPORT\Parameters\Keys\8878732352bb\c9bf519382e9]
"LTK"=hex:10,4a,0a,ab,fe,ae,e7,8e,1b,db,a8,ee,cb,91,2a,b2
"KeyLength"=dword:00000010
"ERand"=hex(b):
"EDIV"=dword:00000fee
"MasterIRKStatus"=dword:00000001
"AuthReq"=dword:0000002d

I did try editing the script to MasterIRK and the same error was presented KeyError being updated to MasterIRK.

@gordonrix
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gordonrix commented Jun 4, 2020

New to linux, sorry in advance.

I'm getting an error that appears to result from not being able to make the output directory for some reason. This is the error, with the output_dir variable printed out right above it

bluetooth/48:45:20:92:0F:30/F1:9F:12:F6:F0:18
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "./export-ble-infos.py", line 154, in
sys.exit(main())
File "./export-ble-infos.py", line 146, in main
os.makedirs(output_dir, exist_ok=True)
File "/usr/lib/python3.8/os.py", line 213, in makedirs
makedirs(head, exist_ok=exist_ok)
File "/usr/lib/python3.8/os.py", line 223, in makedirs
mkdir(name, mode)
OSError: [Errno 22] Invalid argument: 'bluetooth/48:45:20:92:0F:30'

Edit: Solved the issue, was trying to run the script in a directory in my Windows partition, so the colon was not allowed.

@n1vgabay
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How do i run this script? on windows/linux?

I tried to run this script on visual code in windows and go this error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File ".\export-ble-infos.py", line 153, in
sys.exit(main())
File ".\export-ble-infos.py", line 86, in main
reged = subprocess.Popen(["reged", "-x", options.system, '\', options.key, out], stdout=sys.stderr)
File "C:\Python\Python37\lib\subprocess.py", line 800, in init
restore_signals, start_new_session)
File "C:\Python\Python37\lib\subprocess.py", line 1207, in _execute_child
startupinfo)
FileNotFoundError: [WinError 2] The system cannot find the file specified

@n1vgabay
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So, I tried to run on Linux, I guess i don't run this script properly but in any case i got error of some modules that can't be loaded.
python ./export-ble-infos.py
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "./export-ble-infos.py", line 22, in
from configparser import ConfigParser
ImportError: No module named configparser

Is it the right way to run this script?
thanks.

@Wahidur-Rahman
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Wahidur-Rahman commented Jun 11, 2020

@n1vgabay - seems you are missing the appropriate python module. Might be that you don't have the dependency chntpw installed. Try 'sudo apt install chntpw'

if that doesn't work, try manually installing the package to python with 'pip install configparser'

@ciddikedi
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I'm using also designer mouse but mouse cant connecting after run these script and commands. The CSRK key was blank, I added it from BTkeys. Unfortunately still not working on fedora 32.

@n1vgabay
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n1vgabay commented Jul 13, 2020

@n1vgabay - seems you are missing the appropriate python module. Might be that you don't have the dependency chntpw installed. Try 'sudo apt install chntpw'

if that doesn't work, try manually installing the package to python with 'pip install configparser'

So i installed this package with python-pip as well, now i've got this massege:

reged version 0.1 140201, (c) Petter N Hagen
openHive(/mnt/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM) failed: No such file or directory, trying read-only
openHive(/mnt/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM) in fallback RO-mode failed: No such file or directory
Unable to open/read hive /mnt/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM, exiting..

Any ideas how to solve this issue to make it work finally?

And something i wondered since i saw this script,
How should i run this script? according to this usage above.

Usage:
$ ./export-ble-infos.py # # # Do i need to add arguments when run this py script?
$ sudo bash -c 'cp -r ./bluetooth /var/lib && service bluetooth force-reload'
$ rm -r bluetooth
"""

I'm assuming that the path I see in the script isn't working.. i mout windows and linux but maybe it's not enough.
I can see my windows file through: **/media/$user/OS ... and so on ..

@thymbahutymba
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thymbahutymba commented Nov 23, 2020

Is it still working? I'm trying to use it, the result is the same of the one that I've generated by hand but my mouse cannot connect properly. Any help?

Edit:
It sounds that with Linux 5.9+ there are some "issues" with the Bluetooth stack. Removing [IdentityResolvingKey] Key=... fix the issue.
Ref: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Bluetooth#Problems_with_all_BLE_devices_on_kernel_5.9+

@ryandward
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Fantastic. I'm not really a Python guru, so I can't tell what's going on here, but it works 👍

@kedde
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kedde commented Jan 4, 2021

Is it still working? I'm trying to use it, the result is the same of the one that I've generated by hand but my mouse cannot connect properly. Any help?

Edit:
It sounds that with Linux 5.9+ there are some "issues" with the Bluetooth stack. Removing [IdentityResolvingKey] Key=... fix the issue.
Ref: https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Bluetooth#Problems_with_all_BLE_devices_on_kernel_5.9+

Thanks @thymbahutymba

commented out this line(by adding the # sign) and my bluetooth keyboard now works both on windows and linux.

# config['IdentityResolvingKey']['Key'] = read_reg('IRK', 'hex16')

@SpeakingOfBrad
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SpeakingOfBrad commented Jan 28, 2021

This doesn't seem to be working for me. The script runs fine, and I see 'Designer Mouse' show up in my Bluetooth device list but it just won't connect to my mouse.
I see in my info file for the mouse that the LocalSignatureKey is blank, is that normal? What do I have to do to get that key to fill in properly?

It turns out that the default template doesn't have the right configuration for my mouse. I manually copied some of the keys from the scripts output into my mouse's info file and it worked.

Then after checking the script a little closer I found that if you connect your device to Linux first, then connect it in Windows, and then come back to Linux and run the script, the script will apply the keys it grabbed from Windows and add them into your mouse's already existing info file. (I don't know if it's necessary, but I also turned off my mouse after pairing it in Windows and didn't turn it back on until after I ran the script and moved the files as directed.)

Note: I had to run the script as root in order for the script to be able to find my mouse's already existing info file.
$ sudo ./export-ble-infos.py -s /media/brad/Windows-SSD/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM
$ sudo bash -c 'cp -r ./bluetooth /var/lib && service bluetooth force-reload'
$ sudo rm -r bluetooth

@lathiat
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lathiat commented Feb 3, 2021

I found for the following line #L137:
if "CSRK" in dump[section]:

I need to change it to:
if '"CSRK"' in dump[section]:

At least for Python3.8/Ubuntu 20.04 and Windows 10.. unsure if that works on other combos.. i see the quoting logic exists in read_reg () though.

@parenne
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parenne commented Feb 3, 2021

In Windows 10 2h20 when connect Designer mouse no such keys in regedit.
But on others version this method works good.

@DataUncertain
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Very useful - thanks! Worked perfectly (Win 10/Ubuntu 18.04 on Dell XPS). Only problem I had was:

FileNotFoundError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory: 'reged': 'reged'

Solved by installing chntpw, then all good :)

@smac89
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smac89 commented Feb 11, 2021

Is this supposed to be run from Windows or Linux?

@jamincollins
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@Mygod what license is this under?

@Mygod
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Mygod commented Feb 25, 2021

@jamincollins Hi I added APL-2.0 license for this. Cheers!

@fentras
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fentras commented Mar 4, 2021

This is exactly what I needed. Just ran the script, copied the values and it just works. Thank you so much!

@Mygod
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Mygod commented Apr 15, 2021

@lathiat Thanks! I took your patch.

@escape0707
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escape0707 commented Aug 9, 2022

My new ROG GLADIUS III WL don't have an IRK on both Windows 10 and Linux, I did the same trick Mygod did to CSRK in L157 to make IRK optional and it works.

Just for the record, I get KeyError: '"IRK"' when the script is parsing the dumped registry.

@Mygod
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Mygod commented Aug 9, 2022

@escape0707 Did you mean IRK?

@escape0707
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@escape0707 Did you mean IRK?

Oh, yes. Sorry for the confusion. I’ve corrected my original comment.

@Mygod
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Mygod commented Aug 28, 2022

@escape0707 Added your fix as suggested.

@Farthing-0
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Thank you! That's just what I need, and it works very well for my little manjaro laptop.

@caiobvilar
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This used to work for me, but after upgrading to Fedora 37 (not sure if its related), the following fields appears on my info file:

  • [RemoteSignatureKey]
  • [PeripheralLongTermKey]
  • [SlaveLongTermKey]

Both [PeripheralLongTermKey] and [SlaveLongTermKey] with their own EDiv and ERand, but there's no corresponding Key on the Windows registry. Have you guys ever had this happen?

@Sukid
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Sukid commented Apr 22, 2023

THANK YOU SO MUCH, I had to change the windows path in the script but after that it worked like a charm. This is the only tool I've used so far that was able to sync my Logi M550L in both OSes.

@Sukid
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Sukid commented Apr 22, 2023

This used to work for me, but after upgrading to Fedora 37 (not sure if its related), the following fields appears on my info file:

* [RemoteSignatureKey]

* [PeripheralLongTermKey]

* [SlaveLongTermKey]

Both [PeripheralLongTermKey] and [SlaveLongTermKey] with their own EDiv and ERand, but there's no corresponding Key on the Windows registry. Have you guys ever had this happen?

This script actually does account for this, can attest to it working.

@Konfekt
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Konfekt commented May 16, 2023

I'm assuming that the path I see in the script isn't working.. i mout windows and linux but maybe it's not enough. I can see my windows file through: **/media/$user/OS ... and so on ..

The MS Windows partition must be mounted to /mnt.
Maybe this could be either made configurable or mentioned in the usage section?

@Konfekt
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Konfekt commented May 16, 2023

Reading

parser.add_option("-s", "--system", dest="system", metavar="FILE",
                      default="/mnt/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM",
                      help="SYSTEM file in Windows. Usually at /Windows/System32/config/system.")

it actually is by the -s option but the help entry suggests that the mount point is not.

@pramodhrachuri
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Any guide on how to use this script?

@Konfekt
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Konfekt commented May 19, 2023

Download it as export-ble-infos.py, and then run lsblk to find out your Microsoft Windows partition, say /dev/sdb1, mount it by sudo mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt and then run

$ chmod a+x ./export-ble-infos.py
$ ./export-ble-infos.py <args>
$ sudo bash -c 'cp -r ./bluetooth /var/lib && service bluetooth force-reload'
$ rm -r bluetooth

to import all Bluetooth Low Energy devices, such as Microsoft Designer Mouse and Keyboard, from Microsoft Windows >= 10 to Linux.

@escape0707
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escape0707 commented May 19, 2023

@pramodhrachuri I mean it's literally written in the first screen you'll see when opening this page. If you can read others reply, you can read it too. https://gist.github.com/Mygod/f390aabf53cf1406fc71166a47236ebf#file-export-ble-infos-py-L24

And also python ./export-ble-infos.py --help...

@st4r1ight
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st4r1ight commented Jun 23, 2023

I was having a similar problem to SpeakingOfBrad in this comment, but with the added bonus issue that my keyboard would change its MAC address every time you connected it to a new device, so getting the script to use its Bluetooth file as a template required some extra work. Here is the full set of steps that I had to take for it to work.

  1. Pair the keyboard in Linux so that a template file is generated for the script to work with
  2. Reboot to Windows and pair the device in Windows. If your keyboard supports more than one device (like some keyboards with 3 connection modes), make sure that you use the same connection every time.
  3. Obtain the device's current MAC address on Windows. I was able to guess what it was because I only have one Bluetooth LE device (so it was the only one that showed up in the export). Otherwise this article may be of use.
  4. Reboot to Linux, and, if you haven't already, install chntpw and mount your Windows partition.
  5. List the currently paired Bluetooth devices with the bluetoothctl devices command. Write down the MAC address (six pairs of hexadecimal digits) of the device that is paired with Linux.
  6. Navigate to /var/lib/bluetooth/. Inside there will be a folder named for your computer's Bluetooth MAC address. cd into it and you will see folders named for Bluetooth MAC address. Rename the one that corresponds to your Linux MAC (that you obtained from bluetoothctl devices) to the device's Windows MAC address. You will probably want to be in a root shell for this (sudo -i) since /var/lib/bluetooth is not readable by the user.
  7. Run the export-ble-infos.py script WITH SUDO so that it can see your current Bluetooth devices.
  8. Copy the bluetooth folder that the script creates into /var/lib (sudo cp -r ./bluetooth/ /var/lib). cp will ask if you want to replace info files, say yes.
  9. Restart Bluetooth (systemctl restart bluetooth)
  10. Backup your Bluetooth folder so you never ever have to do that again.

@sir-farfan
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Is there a script like this one for non-ble devices?

@Konfekt
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Konfekt commented Jul 17, 2023

You could try bt-dualboot

@sir-farfan
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Thanks o:

@stevemphillips
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I'm trying this and no output directory is created. Any idea what is wrong?

This is the command and console output:

steve@aragorn:~$ sudo python3 ./export-ble-infos.py -s /media/steve/BOOTCAMP/Windows/System32/config/SYSTEM
reged version 0.1 140201, (c) Petter N Hagen
Exporting to file '/tmp/tmpfkmkggfk.reg'...
Exporting key 'Keys' with 1 subkeys and 0 values...
Exporting key '5cf370809d45' with 0 subkeys and 3 values...

Should the output directory be in my current directory or somewhere else?

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