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Terminal Cheat Sheet
# Terminal Cheat Sheet
pwd # print working directory
ls # list files in directory
cd # change directory
~ # home directory
.. # up one directory
- # previous working directory
help # get help
-h # get help
--help # get help
man # manual
cat # output the contents of a file
mkdir # create new directory
open # open a file with the associated program, a directory with Finder, or a URL with the default web browser
ps # list all running processes
kill # terminate existing process
rmd # permanently delete file
rmdir # remove directory
## Working with Git
### Quick Start
git clone <url> # Clone directory
git checkout -b <new-branch> # Create new local branch
git push -u origin <new-branch> # Sync local branch with remote
git checkout <branch> # Checkout branch
git push origin <branch> # Push branch to remote
git branch -d <branchname> # deletes local branch
git push origin :<branchname> # deletes remote branch
git subtree push --prefix docs origin gh-pages # push docs as subtree to gh-pages
### Clone Directory
git clone <url>
### Create Project
cd project/
git init # initializes the repository
git add . # add those 'unknown' files
git commit # commit all changes, edit changelog entry
git rm --cached <file>... # ridiculously complicated command to undo, in case you forgot .gitignore
### Branching and Merging
git branch # show list of all branches (* is active)
git checkout -b linux-work # create a new branch named "linux-work"
<make changes>
git commit -a
git checkout master # go back to master branch
git merge linux-work # merge changesets from linux-work (Git >= 1.5)
git pull . linux-work # merge changesets from linux-work (all Git versions)
git branch -m <oldname> <newname> # rename branch
git branch -m <newname> # rename current branch
### Delete Project
git branch -d <branchname> # deletes local branch
git push origin :<branchname> # deletes remote branch
git remote prune <branchname> # update local/remote sync
### Merging Upstream
git remote -v # Get list of remote branches
git remote add upstream <upstream github url> # Add original as upstream
git remote -v # Check upstream
git fetch upstream # Get original repo
git checkout development # Switch to main branch in local fork
git merge upstream/development # Merge original with fork
git diff --name-only | uniq | xargs subl # Fix conflicts in Sublime Text
### Importing Patches
git apply < ../p/foo.patch
git commit -a
### Exporting Patches
<make changes>
git commit -a -m "commit message"
git format-patch HEAD^ # creates 0001-commit-message.txt
# (HEAD^ means every patch since one revision before the
# tip of the branch, also known as HEAD)
### Inspecting Revisions
# inspect history visually
gitk # this opens a Tk window, and shows you how the revisions are connected
# inspect history
git log # this pipes a log of the current branch into your PAGER
git log -p # ditto, but append a patch after each commit message
# inspect a specific commit
git show HEAD # show commit info, diffstat and patch
# of the tip of the current branch
### Referring to Revisions
# by name
git log v1.0.0 # show history leading up to tag "v1.0.0"
git log master # show history of branch "master"
# relative to a name
git show master^ # show parent to last revision of master
git show master~2 # show grand parent to tip of master
git show master~3 # show great grand parent to tip of master (you get the idea)
# by output of "git describe"
git show v1.4.4-g730996f # you get this string by calling "git describe"
# by hash (internally, all objects are identified by a hash)
git show f665776185ad074b236c00751d666da7d1977dbe
git show f665776 # a unique prefix is sufficient
# tag a revision
git tag v1.0.0 # make current HEAD known as "v1.0.0"
git tag interesting v1.4.4-g730996f # tag a specific revision (not HEAD)
### Comparing Revisions
# diff between two branches
git diff origin..master # pipes a diff into PAGER
git diff origin..master > my.patch # pipes a diff into my.patch
# get diffstat of uncommitted work
git diff --stat HEAD
## Sublime as default text editor
cd ~
mkdir bin
ln -s "/Applications/Sublime Text" ~/bin/subl
git config --global core.editor "subl -n -w"
### If that's not working
sudo rm -rf /usr/local/bin/subl
sudo ln -s /Applications/Sublime\ Text\ /usr/local/bin
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Fernando1729 commented Jul 7, 2020

GREAT!!!! Thank you soooo much! S2

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anissa1908 commented Jul 16, 2020

Thanks for sharing ! I really needed a comprehensive list.

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rnagel3 commented Jul 23, 2020


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bjmacgreg commented Jul 24, 2020

Thanks! My memory for commands is full... this helps a lot.

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WLewis69 commented Aug 10, 2020

Great reference to use with GitHub terminal within Android Studio!

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Yediyarov commented Aug 14, 2020



Thank you Sir ! It is very helpful

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PappuKP commented Aug 24, 2020

This is very very helpful, much appreciated. Thanks

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JennaScript commented Sep 14, 2020

Legend! Thank you!

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emirate691 commented Dec 26, 2020

i was working on branch main, and i want to go back to origin master . how can i do that

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tjw-livongo commented Dec 29, 2020

i was working on branch main, and i want to go back to origin master . how can i do that

@emirate691 git checkout master to get back to your latest pull of master branch, then git pull if you want to get all changes merged into master since your last pull.

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assmaratib commented Dec 30, 2020

Very helpful, thanks

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efe-osa commented Jan 6, 2021

This is perfect! Thank you for this

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VivianeBusch-Wallace commented Feb 17, 2021

Super nice! Thank you!

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NatalineGn commented Feb 20, 2021

Very useful, thank you🌟

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salamituns commented Mar 19, 2021

Thanks, really!

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sipelo-mazwi commented Apr 9, 2021

Thank you so much !!!!

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rediarisa commented May 29, 2021

Awesome @cferdinandi, please don't forget to put the command to change the branch master to main and edit the parts that says master to main. I believe Github changed master to main in their commands recently.

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Tibzie commented Jun 6, 2021

OMG! This is so useful! Thank you very much!!!

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wisyprim commented Jun 6, 2021

Finally, the support i needed. Thanks

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tanujit commented Jun 11, 2021

GG mah friend

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LoukasGP commented Jun 11, 2021

Thank you!

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uxrishu commented Jun 12, 2021

Very helpful, thank you!

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mahak999 commented Jul 25, 2021

This is very helpful. Thank you!

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Hima2021-rajesh commented Aug 9, 2021

thanks. how to get the last commit message from remote repo being in local repo

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yashaswidhasarali commented Aug 17, 2021

Very helpful. Thank you!

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mophan commented Apr 11, 2022

Thank you so much! It's very helpful!

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giomvp commented Jun 29, 2022

Awesome!!! thank you!

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Satishnaidu58 commented Jul 26, 2022


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scottwright-io commented Nov 11, 2022

Thanks! Really useful.

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