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Last active Aug 29, 2015
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How to construct a closure as an Iron Handler while capturing a Sender
//! Shows how to construct a closure that captures a Sender while still implementing Sync
//! This is nontrivial because you can't directly share a Sender across threads, so a Mutex is required
use std::sync::mpsc::{channel, Sender};
use std::sync::Mutex;
use std::thread;
/// Something to send across threads
enum Message { A, B }
/// Stub out some of Iron's types
struct Request;
struct Response;
struct IronError;
type IronResult<T> = Result<T, IronError>;
/// Iron's Handler trait with the impl for a closure
trait Handler: Send + Sync {
fn handle(&self, &mut Request) -> IronResult<Response>;
impl<F> Handler for F where F: Send + Sync + Fn(&mut Request) -> IronResult<Response> {
fn handle(&self, req: &mut Request) -> IronResult<Response> {
/// This function is called on the Iron thread, and it returns a boxed closure for use as a Handler
fn make_handler(tx: Sender<Message>) -> Box<Handler> {
// quite a dance is required to make a Handler from a closure
// first, we have to box the Handler because you can't return closures
// second, we can't capture `tx` because that makes the closure !Sync
// to solve this, we wrap the Sender in a Mutex, which _is_ Sync, and capture that
// there may be performance implications
let mtx = Mutex::new(tx);
Box::new(move |req: &mut Request| { mtx.lock().unwrap().send(Message::A); Ok(Response) })
/// Entry point to the Iron thread: constructs a handler and calls it
fn iron_setup(tx: Sender<Message>) {
let handler = make_handler(tx); // make me a request handler!
handler.handle(&mut Request); // let's just pretend to be a web client...
fn main() {
let (tx, rx) = channel::<Message>(); // a channel for communicating with the Iron thread
thread::spawn(move || iron_setup(tx.clone())); // fire off the Iron thread!
println!("{:?}", rx.recv()); // wait for a response and print it
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