Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@evandrix
Created September 11, 2012 00:06
Star You must be signed in to star a gist
Save evandrix/3694955 to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Headless web browsers

Here are a list of headless browsers that I know about:

  • HtmlUnit - Java. Custom browser engine. JavaScript support/DOM emulated. Open source.
  • Ghost - Python only. WebKit-based. Full JavaScript support. Open source.
  • Twill - Python/command line. Custom browser engine. No JavaScript. Open source.
  • PhantomJS - Command line/all platforms. WebKit-based. Full JavaScript support. Open source.
  • Awesomium - C++/.Net/all platforms. Chromium-based. Full JavaScript support. Commercial/free.
  • SimpleBrowser - .Net 4/C#. Custom browser engine. No JavaScript support. Open source.
  • ZombieJS - Node.js. Custom browser engine. JavaScript support/emulated DOM. Open source.
  • EnvJS - JavaScript via Java/Rhino. Custom browser engine. JavaScript support/emulated DOM. Open source.
  • Watir-webdriver with headless gem - Ruby via WebDriver. Full JS Support via Browsers (Firefox/Chrome/Safari/IE).
  • Spynner - Python only. PyQT and WebKit.

Headless browsers that have JavaScript support via an emulated DOM generally have issues with some sites that use more advanced/obscure browser features, or have functionality that has visual dependencies (e.g. via CSS positions and so forth), so whilst the pure JavaScript support in these browsers is generally complete, the actual supported browser functionality should be considered as partial only.

(note: original version of this post only mentioned HtmlUnit, hence the comments. If you know of other headless browser implementations and have edit rights, feel free to edit this post and add them.)

@sonnyp
Copy link

sonnyp commented Mar 24, 2014

http://casperjs.org/ PhantomJS API-compatible, rely on Gecko (Firefox engine)

@FunnyDewd
Copy link

http://slimerjs.org/ Like phantom.js except uses the firefox engine.

@mickaelandrieu
Copy link

BrowserKit, the Symfony2 component. PHP, no javascript support

@christophebe
Copy link

@nwohaibi
Copy link

@bass14
Copy link

bass14 commented Feb 13, 2015

I tried htmlunit, jaunt, webview head less browser in java. but those browser are Rendering Css/js web page source code.

@chaserhkj
Copy link

@ldong
Copy link

ldong commented Aug 6, 2015

@hollingsworthd
Copy link

Also check out https://github.com/MachinePublishers/jBrowserDriver which is Selenium-compatible and WebKit-based. Pure Java.

@zhuyingda
Copy link

Check out https://github.com/segmentio/nightmare which is a chromium-based.Node.js/Javascript.

@JABirchall
Copy link

JABirchall commented Feb 21, 2017

Laravel just released their browser emulator written in PHP Laravel/Dusk

@samlucax
Copy link

samlucax commented Aug 3, 2017

Can you add chrome headless: chrome headless

@Akagi201
Copy link

@RichardBray
Copy link

@liesislukas
Copy link

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment