Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
Nginx SSL/TLS configuration for "A+" Qualys SSL Labs rating
#
# Name: nginx-tls.conf
# Auth: Gavin Lloyd <gavinhungry@gmail.com>
# Desc: Nginx SSL/TLS configuration for "A+" Qualys SSL Labs rating
#
# Enables HTTP/2, PFS, HSTS and OCSP stapling. Configuration options not related
# to SSL/TLS are not included here.
#
# Additional tips:
#
# * Enable CAA DNS record: https://sslmate.com/caa
#
# Example: https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=gavinhungry.com
#
server {
listen [::]:80;
listen 80;
server_name domain.tld www.domain.tld;
# Redirect all non-https requests
rewrite ^ https://$host$request_uri? permanent;
}
server {
listen [::]:443 ssl http2 default_server;
listen 443 ssl http2 default_server;
server_name domain.tld www.domain.tld;
# Certificate(s) and private key
ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/domain.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/domain.key;
# RFC-7919 recommended: https://wiki.mozilla.org/Security/Server_Side_TLS#ffdhe4096
ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/ffdhe4096.pem;
# Or, generate random dhparam
# openssl dhparam 4096 -out /etc/ssl/dhparam.pem
# ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/dhparam.pem;
ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_ecdh_curve secp521r1:secp384r1;
ssl_ciphers EECDH+AESGCM:EECDH+AES256;
ssl_session_cache shared:TLS:2m;
ssl_buffer_size 4k;
# OCSP stapling
ssl_stapling on;
ssl_stapling_verify on;
resolver 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 [2606:4700:4700::1111] [2606:4700:4700::1001]; # Cloudflare
# Set HSTS to 365 days
add_header Strict-Transport-Security 'max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload' always;
}
@sinns804
Copy link

sinns804 commented Sep 8, 2016

Sweet example! Thanks a bunch :D!

@danday74
Copy link

danday74 commented Jan 30, 2017

add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload" always; ... if you want A+ on a subdomain ... also, if using Let's encrypt and you want a score of 100 on key exchange then you must generate them with the flag --rsa-key-size 4096 and the usual openssl dhparam -out dhparam.pem 4096

@danday74
Copy link

danday74 commented Jan 31, 2017

Based on this config, 5 others and some extensive testing, I have put together a config that describes exactly how each NGINX directive will effect your SSL Labs score - see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/41930060/how-do-you-score-a-with-100-on-all-categories-on-ssl-labs-test-with-lets-encry - thanks for helping me put it together

@jult
Copy link

jult commented Nov 16, 2017

You can use dnsmasq for even faster and more secure lookups for the resolver entry, and then use my include= example
for TLS/SSL with nginx: https://gist.github.com/jult/395ad9fd3e9773a54a67aaf689beab27

@perguth
Copy link

perguth commented Jan 15, 2018

I'd rather go for the 2048 long ssl_dhparam on my RaspberryPi like recommended here: https://gist.github.com/plentz/6737338#file-nginx-conf-L57 It just takes too damn long. 😂

@ldhgrp-digtial
Copy link

ldhgrp-digtial commented Jan 27, 2018

worked for me without OSCP stalping,
Thanks a lot.

@geronime
Copy link

geronime commented Mar 5, 2018

Based on https://security.stackexchange.com/a/95184/172143 it might make sense to use the -dsaparam option for the openssl dhparam command. Instead of hours it takes just a while to generate and I still get an A+.

@C0nw0nk
Copy link

C0nw0nk commented Sep 24, 2018

Here is my code for their resolver to support both IPv4 and IPv6 (Can disable IPv6 and will still work universal setup)

#Cloudflare resolver 1dot1dot1dot1.cloudflare-dns.com
resolver 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 [2606:4700:4700::1111] [2606:4700:4700::1001];

https://1.1.1.1/#explanation
https://www.cloudflare.com/learning/dns/what-is-1.1.1.1/
https://blog.cloudflare.com/announcing-1111/

Fastest DNS resolvers in the world (1.1.1.1 is the fastest most secured and private unlike google)
https://www.dnsperf.com/#!dns-resolvers

@ItsIrv
Copy link

ItsIrv commented Sep 17, 2020

ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.1 TLSv1

needs to be changed to

ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2;

per https://blog.qualys.com/product-tech/2018/11/19/grade-change-for-tls-1-0-and-tls-1-1-protocols

@dbrossard
Copy link

dbrossard commented Oct 27, 2020

Doesn't seem to work. I still get warnings on all CBC ciphers so I only get an A, not A+:

`

TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 (0xc028)   ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA)   FS   WEAK 256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0xc014)   ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA)   FS   WEAK 256
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 (0xc027)   ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA)   FS   WEAK 128
TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0xc013)   ECDH x25519 (eq. 3072 bits RSA)   FS   WEAK 128
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0x2f)   WEAK 128
`

@dlangille
Copy link

dlangille commented Jan 10, 2021

Doesn't seem to work. I still get warnings on all CBC ciphers so I only get an A, not A+:

Note the last update to this gist was on Nov 2, 2018

@gavinhungry
Copy link
Author

gavinhungry commented Jan 11, 2021

@ItsIrv @dbrossard @dlangille,

Thanks for the reminders that I've been letting this stagnate. I've just now applied what I think are sensible updates - feedback/tips/corrections welcome.

@dlangille
Copy link

dlangille commented Jan 11, 2021

@ItsIrv @dbrossard @dlangille,

Thanks for the reminders that I've been letting this stagnate. I've just now applied what I think are sensible updates - feedback/tips/corrections welcome.

Take anything you like from what I just put up: https://github.com/FreshPorts/nginx-config/blob/main/virtualhost-common-ssl.conf

@cwbeck
Copy link

cwbeck commented Jun 21, 2021

@gavinhungry

Thanks for posting this. Have you found any issues with nginx performance when terminating HTTPS traffic? I've found it to be 10x-15x slower than HTTP. I understand there is extra processing involved but benchmarks I'm getting don't look great at all. I'm wondering if there is something I'm missing here.

@polynomialspace
Copy link

polynomialspace commented Sep 3, 2021

ssl_ciphers EECDH+AESGCM:EECDH+AES256;

You can probably remove the dhparam bits, afaik dhparam isn't used for EECDH.

@beatquantum
Copy link

beatquantum commented Sep 19, 2021

Hi Gavin, Hi all,

This works for me with nginx 1.21.3 and openssl 1.1.1l - it is in the server block.

server {
...
# Some cybersecurity tools use TLSv1.2 otherwise I would have used only TLSv1.3
ssl_protocols TLSv1.3 TLSv1.2;

    # The TLS 1.2 ciphers below will not work with very old browsers and Android phones.
    # Please do not ignore the +AES256 as otherwise you will get AES128.
    ssl_ciphers ECDH+CHACHA20:ECDH+AESGCM+AES256;

    # The TLS 1.3 ciphers below are fewer than those in the RFC. But they work.
    ssl_conf_command Ciphersuites TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384;

    # The commands below directly affect how Openssl will behave.
    ssl_conf_command Options ServerPreference,PrioritizeChaCha,NoRenegotiation,NoResumptionOnRenegotiation;

    # My server is not heavy loaded so I am okay to use secp384r1. Saw no effect on website speed.
    ssl_ecdh_curve secp521r1:secp384r1;

    # Do not use 2048 (see SSLTEST rating guide)
    ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/dsa4096.pem;

...
}

@teggsdgreat
Copy link

teggsdgreat commented Nov 12, 2021

Beautiful, it worked

@ray-moncada
Copy link

ray-moncada commented Feb 15, 2022

Do you need to add the header "Content-Security-Policy" for extra security measures?

@Mageek627
Copy link

Mageek627 commented Mar 22, 2022

No need for ssl_dhparam at all

@beatquantum
Copy link

beatquantum commented Mar 23, 2022

Thanks @Mageek627 . You are right. No need for ssl_dhparam. Here is my latest configuration on nginx 1.21.6

ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_ciphers "TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384";
ssl_conf_command Ciphersuites TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256;
ssl_conf_command Options ServerPreference,PrioritizeChaCha,NoRenegotiation,NoResumptionOnRenegotiation;
ssl_ecdh_curve secp521r1:secp384r1;

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment