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@geerlingguy
Last active June 12, 2024 21:51
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Raspberry Pi CPU temperature and throttling test script
#!/bin/bash
# Raspberry Pi stress CPU temperature measurement script.
#
# Download this script (e.g. with wget) and give it execute permissions (chmod +x).
# Then run it with ./pi-cpu-stress.sh
#
# NOTE: In recent years, I've switched to using s-tui. See:
# https://github.com/amanusk/s-tui?tab=readme-ov-file#options
# Variables.
test_run=1
test_results_file="${HOME}/cpu_temp_$test_run.log"
stress_length="10m"
# Verify stress-ng is installed.
if ! [ -x "$(command -v stress-ng)" ]; then
printf "Error: stress-ng not installed.\n"
printf "To install: sudo apt install -y stress-ng\n" >&2
exit 1
fi
printf "Logging temperature and throttling data to: $test_results_file\n"
# Start logging temperature data in the background.
while /bin/true; do
# Print the date (e.g. "Wed 13 Nov 18:24:45 GMT 2019") and a tab.
date | tr '\n' '\t' >> $test_results_file;
# Print the temperature (e.g. "39.0") and a tab.
vcgencmd measure_temp | tr -d "temp=" | tr -d "'C" | tr '\n' '\t' >> $test_results_file;
# Print the throttle status (e.g. "0x0") and a tab.
vcgencmd get_throttled | tr -d "throttled=" | tr '\n' '\t' >> $test_results_file;
# Print the current CPU frequency.
vcgencmd measure_clock arm | sed 's/^.*=//' >> $test_results_file;
sleep 5;
done &
# Store the logging pid.
PROC_ID=$!
# Stop the logging loop if script is interrupted or when it ends.
trap "kill $PROC_ID" EXIT
# After 5 minutes, run stress.
printf "Waiting 5 minutes for stable idle temperature...\n"
sleep 300
printf "Beginning $stress_length stress test...\n"
stress-ng -c 4 --timeout $stress_length
# Keep logging for 5 more minutes.
printf "Waiting 5 minutes to return to idle temperature...\n"
sleep 300
printf "Test complete.\n"
@MestreLion
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Question: how did you generated the images from the logging data? Is there any nice script for that?

@geerlingguy
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@MestreLion - I think for that I just dumped the CSV into Google Sheets and generated graphs there. Something I'd like to automate more in the future though.

@geerlingguy
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@MestreLion - Also, updated the script to use ${HOME} and trap. Thanks for the suggestions!

@geerlingguy
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geerlingguy commented Jun 9, 2021

I also wanted to get the current value from the new PoE+ HAT during a run today, so I added the following above the 'throttle status' section:

  # Print the current current (e.g. 536000) and a tab.
  cat /sys/devices/platform/rpi-poe-power-supply@0/power_supply/rpi-poe/current_now | tr '\n' '\t' >> $test_results_file;

This outputs a value in microamps.

@pyro12
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pyro12 commented Jul 23, 2021

Great little script! I'm trying to figure out why HTML5 streaming is disappointing on my Pi4b and I thought maybe throttling was the issue. I ran this and temps never report above 71 so I think I'm good, but I also found this: and I'm unclear on whether your script is logging CPU or GPU temps.... or if we can expect them to be pretty much the same...

If that link is correct, you're logging GPU temps and to also log CPU temp

echo temp=$((cat /sys/class/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp/1000)).0\'C | tr -d "temp=" | tr -d "'C" | tr '\n' '\t' >> $test_results_file;

needs to be added.

@geerlingguy
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@pyro12 - According to the Pi's documentation, measure_temp "Returns the temperature of the SoC as measured by the on-board temperature sensor." — that seems to be the only reading that really matters for throttling (it's the SoC temp). Are you seeing different numbers when checking thermal_zone0?

@pyro12
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pyro12 commented Jul 31, 2021

@geerlingguy - Nope. I ran

#!/bin/bash
while true 
do
vcgencmd measure_temp | tr -d "temp=" | tr -d "'C" | tr '\n' '\t'
echo temp=$((`cat /sys/class/thermal/thermal_zone0/temp`/1000)).0\'C
sleep 10
done

via SSH and tried various uses of stress-ng and glxgears and the biggest difference I saw was 1.4 C. A curiousity, but I don't think relevant...

Thanks for helping me understand!

@geerlingguy
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Weird! I'm surprised there would be that much of a difference. And now I'm wondering if there are multiple temperature sensors in the SoC :)

@yoyojacky
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yoyojacky commented Nov 10, 2023

I am using following script to record temperature :

from  gpiozero import CPUTemperature
from time import sleep, strftime, time

cpu = CPUTemperature()
count=1200      # 20 minutes
with open("/home/pi/temp_log.csv", "a") as  log:
    while True:
        temp = cpu.temperature
         log.write("{0},{1}".format(strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"), str(temp)))
         sleep(1)
         count -= 1
         if count == 0:
             break

and using sysbench in a loop:

#!/bin/bash
while true; 
do 
     sysbench --test=cpu --cpu-max-prime=20000 --threads=4 run 
     sleep 0.1
done 

and it works fine.

@yoyojacky
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yoyojacky commented Nov 10, 2023

stess_temp
stress-temp-complete

@yoyojacky
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Question: how did you generated the images from the logging data? Is there any nice script for that?

maybe it can be plot by using matplotlib library.

@willipi72
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willipi72 commented Jun 12, 2024

For those like me that absolutely are newbies with Linux and Pi, this is the command to download the latest version of this file from the CLI:

curl -L https://gist.github.com/geerlingguy/91d4736afe9321cbfc1062165188dda4/raw/ -o _filename.extension_

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