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Upgrade PostgreSQL 9.6.5 to 10.0 using Homebrew (macOS)
After automatically updating Postgres to 10.0 via Homebrew, the pg_ctl start command didn't work.
The error was "The data directory was initialized by PostgreSQL version 9.6, which is not compatible with this version 10.0."
Database files have to be updated before starting the server, here are the steps that had to be followed:
# need to have both 9.6.x and latest 10.0 installed, and keep 10.0 as default
brew unlink postgresql
brew install postgresql@9.6
brew unlink postgresql@9.6
brew link postgresql
# move 9.6.x db files to another directory
mv /usr/local/var/postgres /usr/local/var/postgres96
# init new database using 10.0
initdb /usr/local/var/postgres -E utf8
# make timezone and timezonesets directories available for 9.6.x installation
mkdir /usr/local/share/postgresql96
cp -r /usr/local/share/postgresql/timezone /usr/local/share/postgresql96
cp -r /usr/local/share/postgresql/timezonesets /usr/local/share/postgresql96
# finally the actual upgrade
# -b is the old binary dir, -B is the new binary dir
# -d is the old data dir, -D is the new data dir
pg_upgrade -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@9.6/9.6.5/bin -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/10.0/bin -d /usr/local/var/postgres96 -D /usr/local/var/postgres
# start 10.0 to check that upgrade works
pg_ctl start -D /usr/local/var/postgres
# cleanup if upgrade was successful
brew uninstall postgresql@9.6
rm -rf /usr/local/var/postgres96
rm -rf /usr/local/share/postgresql96
@toby5box
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toby5box commented Jun 18, 2018

This is one of the most useful gists in existence. I wish they'd make this a seamless process.

@spaceguy01
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spaceguy01 commented Jun 22, 2018

Ok I have no idea what i'm doing as I'm new. Everything works but it crashes at this point and have tried all the solutions offered (still no idea what i'm doing) but didn't work

pg_upgrade -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@9.6/9.6.5/bin -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/10.0/bin -d /usr/local/var/postgres96 -D /usr/local/var/postgres

I get this

check for "/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@9.6/9.6.5/bin" failed: No such file or directory
Failure, exiting

When I do ' postgres -V' I get postgres (PostgreSQL) 10.4

@djtsheps
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djtsheps commented Jun 27, 2018

Thanks worked perfectly !!! I just has to use /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@9.6/9.6.9/bin and /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/10.3/bin

@lance-hardy
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lance-hardy commented Jun 29, 2018

Fantastic! Worked like a charm.

@nicregez
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nicregez commented Jul 3, 2018

Fabulous, many, many thanks

@maxlipsky
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maxlipsky commented Jul 4, 2018

If you got lc_collate values for database "postgres" do not match: old "C", new "en_US.UTF-8" and reinitialisation of database doesn't work so try this:
UPDATE pg_database SET datcollate='C', datctype='UTF-8' WHERE datname='postgres'

@ryan2clw
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ryan2clw commented Jul 4, 2018

Still working, 9.6 to 10.4, soooooo didn't feel like grinding through this myself, thanks.

@sujithsreekumar
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sujithsreekumar commented Jul 25, 2018

Awesome! Worked as charm 👍

@aslam
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aslam commented Aug 4, 2018

Works like a charm, great work. Thanks.

@rimiti
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rimiti commented Aug 7, 2018

💯

@ramhoj
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ramhoj commented Aug 9, 2018

Thank you!

@crwhitesides
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crwhitesides commented Aug 30, 2018

Thanks!

@warrenrentlytics
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warrenrentlytics commented Sep 12, 2018

I tried this with 9.6 -> 10.5 and it did not work. It appears to be an issue with PostgreSQL itself: https://www.postgresql-archive.org/PG-UPGRADE-9-6-to-10-5-td6033409.html

Since the apparent recommended workaround is a two-hop upgrade of 9.6 -> 10.4 and 10.4 -> 10.5, I first installed 10.4 using:

brew install https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core/cef0125ef6b01ae1e370cf0dcf5a1a5efc28f659/Formula/postgresql.rb

and then made minor changes to this script to account for working off 10.4 to 10.5.

after that, brew upgrade postgresql and brew switch postgresql took me to 10.5.

@SumeetGohil
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SumeetGohil commented Sep 24, 2018

Works like charm (y)

@pjatx
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pjatx commented Oct 1, 2018

Thanks @warrenrentlytics - ran into the same thing and that was helpful

@ArturT
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ArturT commented Oct 6, 2018

Thanks for the help!

@clint74
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clint74 commented Oct 10, 2018

Great job. Thank you!

@InvisibleTech
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InvisibleTech commented Oct 21, 2018

Much thanks. Pretty much worked for me, only needed to mod my old pg_hba.conf to allow the upgrade process to connect.... that's on me though.

@clemmy
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clemmy commented Oct 22, 2018

Thanks so much for this!

@Rubao2014
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Rubao2014 commented Nov 15, 2018

Thank you very much!

@darkdefender27
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darkdefender27 commented Dec 11, 2018

Thanks a lot!! Works seamlessly.

@masterkain
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masterkain commented Dec 17, 2018

brew postgresql-upgrade-database

@fanckush
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fanckush commented Dec 29, 2018

Thanks @masterkain! perfect

@phlippieb
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phlippieb commented Jan 12, 2019

Incredibly helpful, thanks so much.
When running the pg_upgrade command, I got an error like

lc_collate values for database "postgres" do not match: old "en_US.UTF-8", new "C"

which I got around by adding --locale="en_US.UTF-8" to the pg_upgrade command (in addition to the other parameters).

@DineshkumarElumalai
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DineshkumarElumalai commented Jan 21, 2019

I'm trying to upgrade my postgresql from 10.6_1 to 11.1_1
pg_upgrade -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql@10/10.6_1/bin -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/11.1_1/bin -d /usr/local/var/postgres10 -D /usr/local/var/postgres
throws error:

Performing Consistency Checks
-----------------------------
Checking cluster versions                                   
This utility cannot be used to downgrade to older major PostgreSQL versions.
Failure, exiting

@somenugget
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somenugget commented Feb 6, 2019

Thank you. Migration from 10 to 11 was successful :+1

@alxpereira
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alxpereira commented Feb 19, 2019

Genius, saved my day.

@daliadaud
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daliadaud commented Mar 13, 2019

awesome! thank you, you saved me alot of time

@lyonsun
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lyonsun commented Mar 25, 2019

Thank you.

One comment in my experience on this issue, at the very end, I had to run:

brew services stop postgresql
pg_ctl -D /usr/local/var/postgres stop
kill $postmaster_pid.
brew services restart postgresql

one after another in order to get rid of the following log repeating every 10s in postgres.log file:

2019-03-25 16:27:58.534 EET [18563] FATAL: lock file "postmaster.pid" already exists
2019-03-25 16:27:58.534 EET [18563] HINT: Is another postmaster (PID 14070) running in data directory "/usr/local/var/postgres"?


Credits for finding the PID of postmaster.pid:
StackExchange

@Cgruppo
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Cgruppo commented Jul 8, 2019

thanks. it's working. i like this.

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