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Step by step to Monitoring OpenStack Instances with Service Discovery Prometheus and Grafana

Monitoring Instances with Prometheus and Grafana

Download Prometheus Server

cd /tmp
wget -c

Extract Prometheus Server

tar zxvf prometheus-2.13.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Move to some directory

mv prometheus-2.13.1.linux-amd64 /opt/prometheus-server
cd /opt/prometheus-server

Edit configuration file

  • For example we want to monitor instance on endpoint
vim config.yml
# my global config
  scrape_interval:     15s # Set the scrape interval to every 15 seconds. Default is every 1 minute.
  evaluation_interval: 15s # Evaluate rules every 15 seconds. The default is every 1 minute.
  # scrape_timeout is set to the global default (10s).
# Alertmanager configuration
  - static_configs:
    - targets:
      # - alertmanager:9093
# Load rules once and periodically evaluate them according to the global 'evaluation_interval'.
  # - "first_rules.yml"
  # - "second_rules.yml"
# A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape:
# Here it's Prometheus itself.
  # The job name is added as a label `job=` to any timeseries scraped from this config.
  - job_name: 'prometheus'
    - targets: ['localhost:9090']
  - job_name: node-exporter-instances
    - targets:

Configure Systemd Service for Prometheus Service

vim /etc/systemd/system/prometheus-server.service
Description=Prometheus Server
ExecStart=/opt/prometheus-server/prometheus --config.file=/opt/prometheus-server/config.yml --web.external-url=http://ip-server:9090/

Running Service

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable prometheus-server.service
systemctl start prometheus-server.service

Verification Service

systemctl status prometheus-server.service
ss -tulpn |grep 9090

Install Grafana

cd /tmp
wget -c
dpkg -i grafana_6.4.3_amd64.deb

Running Service

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl start grafana-server
systemctl enable grafana-server


systemctl status grafana-server
ss -tulpn | grep 3000

Configura Datasource and Dashboard on Grafana

  • Login to Grafana
  • Add data source
  • Choose Prometheus
Name: Prometheus
Http settings
URL: http://localhost:9090
  • Save and Test
  • Add Dashboard

Create new instance with node exporter

Install node-exporter on ubuntu instances

cd /tmp/
wget -c
tar zxvf node_exporter-0.18.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz 
mv node_exporter-0.18.1.linux-amd64 /opt/node_exporter

Create systemd service and running node-exporter

cat << EOF >/etc/systemd/system/node_exporter.service
Description=Node Exporter
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable node_exporter.service
systemctl start node_exporter.service
systemctl status node_exporter.service

Best dashboard template

Dashboard Name Grafana ID
Ceph - Cluster 2842
Ceph - Pools 5342
Ceph - OSD (Single) 5336
HAProxy 2428
Servers 11074
Galera/MariaDB 13106
Openstack Dashboard 9701
Docker Monitoring 8321

Best Query for Instance SysLoad Monitoring

avg(node_load5{instance="$node",job="$job"}) /  count(count(node_cpu_seconds_total{instance="$node",job="$job"}) by (cpu)) * 100
100 - (avg by (instance) (rate(node_cpu_seconds_total{job="node",mode="idle"}[1m])) * 100)
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