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@gr1ev0us
Last active Apr 19, 2022
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Cheatsheet for find linux
# List of cheatsheet for linux find.
# Taken from here http://alvinalexander.com/unix/edu/examples/find.shtml
# basic 'find file' commands
# --------------------------
find / -name foo.txt -type f -print # full command
find / -name foo.txt -type f # -print isn't necessary
find / -name foo.txt # don't have to specify "type==file"
find . -name foo.txt # search under the current dir
find . -name "foo.*" # wildcard
find . -name "*.txt" # wildcard
find /users/al -name Cookbook -type d # search '/users/al'
# search multiple dirs
# --------------------
find /opt /usr /var -name foo.scala -type f # search multiple dirs
# case-insensitive searching
# --------------------------
find . -iname foo # find foo, Foo, FOo, FOO, etc.
find . -iname foo -type d # same thing, but only dirs
find . -iname foo -type f # same thing, but only files
# find files with different extensions
# ------------------------------------
find . -type f \( -name "*.c" -o -name "*.sh" \) # *.c and *.sh files
find . -type f \( -name "*cache" -o -name "*xml" -o -name "*html" \) # three patterns
# find files that don't match a pattern (-not)
# --------------------------------------------
find . -type f -not -name "*.html" # find all files not ending in ".html"
# find files by text in the file (find + grep)
# --------------------------------------------
find . -type f -name "*.java" -exec grep -l StringBuffer {} \; # find StringBuffer in all *.java files
find . -type f -name "*.java" -exec grep -il string {} \; # ignore case with -i option
find . -type f -name "*.gz" -exec zgrep 'GET /foo' {} \; # search for a string in gzip'd files
# 5 lines before, 10 lines after grep matches
# -------------------------------------------
find . -type f -name "*.scala" -exec grep -B5 -A10 'null' {} \;
# (see http://alvinalexander.com/linux-unix/find-grep-print-lines-before-after-search-term)
# find files and act on them (find + exec)
# ----------------------------------------
find /usr/local -name "*.html" -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; # change html files to mode 644
find htdocs cgi-bin -name "*.cgi" -type f -exec chmod 755 {} \; # change cgi files to mode 755
find . -name "*.pl" -exec ls -ld {} \; # run ls command on files found
# find and copy
# -------------
find . -type f -name "*.mp3" -exec cp {} /tmp/MusicFiles \; # cp *.mp3 files to /tmp/MusicFiles
# copy one file to many dirs
# --------------------------
find dir1 dir2 dir3 dir4 -type d -exec cp header.shtml {} \; # copy the file header.shtml to those dirs
# find and delete
# ---------------
find . -type f -name "Foo*" -exec rm {} \; # remove all "Foo*" files under current dir
find . -type d -name CVS -exec rm -r {} \; # remove all subdirectories named "CVS" under current dir
# find files by modification time
# -------------------------------
find . -mtime 1 # 24 hours
find . -mtime -7 # last 7 days
find . -mtime -7 -type f # just files
find . -mtime -7 -type d # just dirs
# find files by modification time using a temp file
# -------------------------------------------------
touch 09301330 poop # 1) create a temp file with a specific timestamp
find . -mnewer poop # 2) returns a list of new files
rm poop # 3) rm the temp file
# find with time: this works on mac os x
# --------------------------------------
find / -newerct '1 minute ago' -print
# find and tar
# ------------
find . -type f -name "*.java" | xargs tar cvf myfile.tar
find . -type f -name "*.java" | xargs tar rvf myfile.tar
# (see http://alvinalexander.com/blog/post/linux-unix/using-find-xargs-tar-create-huge-archive-cygwin-linux-unix for more information)
# find, tar, and xargs
--------------------
find . -name -type f '*.mp3' -mtime -180 -print0 | xargs -0 tar rvf music.tar
(-print0 helps handle spaces in filenames)
# (see http://alvinalexander.com/mac-os-x/mac-backup-filename-directories-spaces-find-tar-xargs)
# find and pax (instead of xargs and tar)
# ---------------------------------------
find . -type f -name "*html" | xargs tar cvf jw-htmlfiles.tar -
find . -type f -name "*html" | pax -w -f jw-htmlfiles.tar
# (see http://alvinalexander.com/blog/post/linux-unix/using-pax-instead-of-tar)
# exclude files from other devices (like depreceted -xdev in macOS). For linux: -xdev
find -x . -type f -name "*.java"
@mathieu-aubin
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mathieu-aubin commented Apr 15, 2021

One very useful thing that could have a place here is -xdev which prevents find from indexing other filesystems that might me in the path.

This is particularly useful when a autofs or any other kind of remote mount is located within the search path.

Searching remote servers is usually not desired since it is very slow.

Just my idea

@gr1ev0us
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gr1ev0us commented Apr 20, 2021

One very useful thing that could have a place here is -xdev which prevents find from indexing other filesystems that might me in the path.

This is particularly useful when a autofs or any other kind of remote mount is located within the search path.

Searching remote servers is usually not desired since it is very slow.

Just my idea

👍

@mathieu-aubin
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mathieu-aubin commented Apr 23, 2021

Hi, can you point me to any relevant documentation about the -xdev being deprecated?

My current find version (under Fedora 32) doesn't accept a -x toggle..


find (GNU findutils) 4.7.0
Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

@gr1ev0us
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gr1ev0us commented Apr 23, 2021

I am using macOS, and it says that -x is equivalent to the deprecated -xdev primary. here . There could be difference between macOS and Linux.

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