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Created March 3, 2012 19:47
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tmux cheatsheet

tmux cheatsheet

As configured in my dotfiles.

start new:


start new with session name:

tmux new -s myname


tmux a  #  (or at, or attach)

attach to named:

tmux a -t myname

list sessions:

tmux ls

kill session:

tmux kill-session -t myname

In tmux, hit the prefix ctrl+b and then:


:new<CR>  new session
s  list sessions
$  name session

Windows (tabs)

c           new window
,           name window
w           list windows
f           find window
&           kill window
.           move window - prompted for a new number
:movew<CR>  move window to the next unused number

Panes (splits)

%  horizontal split
"  vertical split

o  swap panes
q  show pane numbers
x  kill pane
⍽  space - toggle between layouts

Window/pane surgery

:joinp -s :2<CR>  move window 2 into a new pane in the current window
:joinp -t :1<CR>  move the current pane into a new pane in window 1


d  detach
t  big clock
?  list shortcuts
:  prompt



  • You can cmd+click URLs to open in iTerm.


  • Conf copy mode to use system clipboard. See PragProg book.
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dumb question but is there any way to get a list of these commands from within tmux (for quick lookup in the future so don't have to open web browser etc)? looking at 'help' within tmux but cannot find what i'm looking for.

Thanks in advance.

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wainweb commented Jun 16, 2017

@GlitchModulus, hit the prefix ctrl+b then ?

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masious commented Aug 3, 2017

In the dotfiles of @henrik copy mode is set to work like the way it works in the vi. After C-b then v I can't start selecting my text. Does anyone have some similar problem?

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bzd111 commented Oct 29, 2017


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Very handy, Thanks for this

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ghost commented Dec 18, 2017

Really appreciate the detailed explanation

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ghost commented Dec 18, 2017

Is there a way to reactivate the sessions in gdb dashboard especially when debugging?

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most handy tmux cheatsheet

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Thank you very much! This was very helpful.

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volkflo commented Feb 23, 2018


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vpctorr commented Mar 9, 2018

Helpful !
To start a detached command:
tmux new -d -s my-session 'command1; command2;'

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Awesome , Thank you ~

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% horizontal split - I guess this means the two panes are horizontally placed relative to each other. The splitting line is vertical. You might want to make that more clear. Other than that, very nice cheat sheet.

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@dideler doesn't matter. Everything's raw in open source.

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markuz commented May 19, 2018

I think a respawn-pane is missing here

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Dumb question, but I can't find/figure it: is there any way to focus input on just one pane and then return to the all-panes context?

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Thank you, it is useful.

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ovigia commented Oct 21, 2018

Is there a way to kill all windows in tmux?
In screen this was:
but in tmux I find only to kill one single window, not all.

Easy enough:
tmux kill-server
will kill all tmux windows and sessions, good enough for my purpose.

C+a k

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ninezero90hy commented Nov 14, 2018

Thanks! 👍

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Hi !

I have launched a process in a tmux using an app. Now I wanna know which version of the app is running, I don't remember that which directory I added to that tmux's PATH and so cannot understand which version is running. Is there any way to see a tmux path outside that?
[any other creative idea is welcome]


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Hello Can you provide me with more details about tmux

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what does that <CR> means??

Carriage Return

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This needs far more details on it .... like for example renaming sessions

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r2evans commented Aug 27, 2019

For those that follow: this gist has not been revised since 2012.

Conversely, this version (of the same cheatsheat) appears to be a branch/copy of this one but has been updated several times (latest in 2015). While four years old isn't awesome, it's still more recent (and feature-full) than this gist.

@henrik, thanks for starting it many years ago! This is obviously helpful to many.

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davegallant commented Sep 23, 2019

This is either a fork of this gist or vice versa, but it's not obvious because it was duplicated instead of forked. So which is the original?

  • henrik created this gist on Mar 3, 2012.
  • MohamedAlaa created this gist on Jun 20, 2012.

It's possible to tell now. I don't remember what GitHub looked like in 2013. :)

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savolla commented May 30, 2020

what does that <CR> means??

Enter key

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v useful ty ty

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Thanks so much! 💯

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trisha commented Jun 5, 2023

% horizontal split - I guess this means the two panes are horizontally placed relative to each other. The splitting line is vertical. You might want to make that more clear. Other than that, very nice cheat sheet.

Agreed with this, when I hear "horizontal split" I expect that the split line is horizontal, that they're split across the horizon, or horizon-ally. But thank you so much for putting this together!

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