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Installing headless chrome on Ubuntu.
#!/bin/bash
# from https://chromium.woolyss.com/
# and https://gist.github.com/addyosmani/5336747
# and https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/+/lkgr/headless/README.md
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:canonical-chromium-builds/stage
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
chromium-browser --headless --no-sandbox http://example.org/
@typhoon2099
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typhoon2099 commented Mar 12, 2018

As am I.

@putuoka
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putuoka commented Mar 13, 2018

uninstall previous chrome
sudo apt-get purge chromium-browser

re-install the new stable chrome headless

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y libappindicator1 fonts-liberation
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome*.deb

@LoganGray
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LoganGray commented Jan 12, 2019

I really liked the @putuoka solution.

uninstall previous chrome
sudo apt-get purge chromium-browser

re-install the new stable chrome headless

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y libappindicator1 fonts-liberation
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome*.deb

I really liked this solution the best, but had a few issues with the dependancies, installing on Ubuntu 16.

So, I wrote my own gist that incorporated what all I had to do to get chrome installed (w/ selenium) on my Ubuntu 16.04 vagrant box.
https://gist.github.com/LoganGray/8aa2de1a079222d9e2ba39ecd207684e

@thiagotcezar
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thiagotcezar commented Feb 11, 2019

Thank you for the solution.

@theOtherNir
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theOtherNir commented May 31, 2019

when installing on ubuntu 18 server - trying to install chromium-browser might fail due to missing packages.

solution:
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
locate the rows beginning with :
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu
add the following to the end all these rows :
universe multiverse

(note : possibly an overkill to add that to all rows, not sure which are the critical ones)

@yunqu
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yunqu commented Jul 12, 2019

@theOtherNir, you only need

deb [arch=armhf] http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports bionic universe main
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports bionic universe main

on ubuntu 18.04. (my arch is armhf)

Then just do apt-get update and sudo apt-get install chromium-browser -y

@nezirz
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nezirz commented May 11, 2020

@yunqu thank you this "apt-get update and sudo apt-get install chromium-browser -y" solved my problem with creating post screenshot on my website https://www.socijala.xyz

@sufehmi
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sufehmi commented Nov 5, 2020

uninstall previous chrome
sudo apt-get purge chromium-browser

re-install the new stable chrome headless

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y libappindicator1 fonts-liberation
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome*.deb

This will result in error, due to google-chrome needing various libraries.

The solution is pretty simple though :

apt-get --fix-broken install

@marcelo321
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marcelo321 commented Apr 5, 2021

Getting this 2 errors:

[0405/025551.087123:WARNING:headless_browser_main_parts.cc(83)] Cannot create Pref Service with no user data dir.
[0405/025551.106946:ERROR:vaapi_wrapper.cc(573)] Could not get a valid VA display

@isherifwilson
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isherifwilson commented Apr 6, 2021

I'm seeing the same as Marcelo reported in a multipass 20.04 instance

@son0203
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son0203 commented Apr 6, 2021

I'm seeing the same as Marcelo reported in a multipass 20.04 instance

same here! (Ubuntu 20 LTS)

@isherifwilson
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isherifwilson commented Apr 7, 2021

After a bit more poking around, I think this is related to [snap] chromium headless crashes at startup on non-desktop system

fwiw I'm seeing this with Chromium/Chromedriver 89

@alexkuc
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alexkuc commented Aug 18, 2021

Personally, I didn't use PPA provided as it gives the following warning:

Testing site just before upload to Ubuntu main. Things here are either broken and not ready to use, or landing in the distro anyway very soon. You shouldn't use this.
More info: https://launchpad.net/~canonical-chromium-builds/+archive/ubuntu/stage
Press [ENTER] to continue or Ctrl-c to cancel adding it.

(emphasis added by me)

Instead I did the following:

  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt install -y software-properties-common
  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:phd.re/chromium-browser
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt install -y chromium-browser

Edit: since I made this comment, original repository is no longer there. Please see command by @phd here.

@Kcharle
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Kcharle commented Sep 11, 2021

Personally, I didn't use PPA provided as it gives the following warning:

Testing site just before upload to Ubuntu main. Things here are either broken and not ready to use, or landing in the distro anyway very soon. You shouldn't use this.
More info: https://launchpad.net/~canonical-chromium-builds/+archive/ubuntu/stage
Press [ENTER] to continue or Ctrl-c to cancel adding it.

(emphasis added by me)

Instead I did the following:

* sudo apt-get update

* sudo apt install -y software-properties-common

* sudo add-apt-repository ppa:phd.re/chromium-browser

* sudo apt-get update

* sudo apt install -y chromium-browser

Thank you so much! This finally got my Laravel Dusk Test suite running on Windows 10 + WSL (Ubuntu 20)

@Omniscience619
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Omniscience619 commented Oct 8, 2021

uninstall previous chrome sudo apt-get purge chromium-browser

re-install the new stable chrome headless

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y libappindicator1 fonts-liberation
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome*.deb

I used these commands in a non-alpine based Dockerfile to setup LightHouse. At first it seemed to work great, but I encountered errors with the Debian package dependencies. After using gdebi-core as an alternative for dpkg, I discovered that the URL given by @putuoka is actually outdated (it's from 2018), so I used the current official URL to download Chrome Headless.

You can refer to my Dockerfile below for references.

FROM node:16
#RUN yes | npm install -g npm@8.0.0
RUN npm install -g lighthouse
RUN apt update
RUN apt-get install -y libappindicator1 fonts-liberation
RUN wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
RUN apt install -y gdebi-core
RUN gdebi --non-interactive google-chrome*.deb

I've successfully installed it. For additional references, you can view the answer by @LoganGray

Thanks to all.

@phd
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phd commented Nov 25, 2021

@alexkuc
@Kcharle

This ppa repository (https://launchpad.net/~phd/+archive/ubuntu/chromium-browser) was moved (phd.re -> phd):
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:phd/chromium-browser
Since this gist is easily googleable when looking for alternative chromium ppa, could you please update the above in your comments?

Also you will need apt-pinning, as occasionally the original snap package may have higher version than the one in this ppa:

echo '
Package: *
Pin: release o=LP-PPA-phd-chromium-browser
Pin-Priority: 1001
' | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/phd-chromium-browser

@u007
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u007 commented Nov 27, 2021

this one works on debian 11

FROM node:14-bullseye

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y fonts-liberation
RUN wget -q -O - https://dl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | apt-key add -
RUN sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list'
RUN apt update && apt install -y google-chrome-stable

@Dibbyo456
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Dibbyo456 commented Nov 27, 2021

@u007 you are a hero, it also works on Ubuntu 20.04

@u007
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u007 commented Nov 28, 2021

sorry i also found it somewhere, lost track of it haha

@OleOldhoj
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OleOldhoj commented May 14, 2022

I am on a ubuntu ...

and i cant make it work :(

npx lighthouse --chrome-flags='--headless' --quiet --no-update-notifier --no-enable-error-reporting --output=json --throttle --stop --preset=desktop --output-path=\nytimes_com\2022_05_15_01_32_43_R_1_nytimes_com_desktop.json https://www.nytimes.com/
Unable to connect to Chrome

@u007
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u007 commented May 15, 2022

are you running in docker?

@alexkuc
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alexkuc commented May 26, 2022

@phd I am more than happy to update my comment. Would you mind providing me a full command so that I can copy & paste as I won't be able to test it anymore?

@phd
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phd commented May 26, 2022

@alexkuc

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:phd/chromium-browser

echo '
Package: *
Pin: release o=LP-PPA-phd-chromium-browser
Pin-Priority: 1001
' | sudo tee /etc/apt/preferences.d/phd-chromium-browser

sudo apt update

sudo apt install -y chromium-browser

@alexkuc
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alexkuc commented May 26, 2022

@phd Done, thank you!

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