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Created January 25, 2011 20:22
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Convert an lxml.etree node tree into a dict.
def elem2dict(node):
Convert an lxml.etree node tree into a dict.
d = {}
for e in node.iterchildren():
key = e.tag.split('}')[1] if '}' in e.tag else e.tag
value = e.text if e.text else elem2dict(e)
d[key] = value
return d
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tyler-8 commented Dec 28, 2022

Version with key parsing done using lxml.etree's QName method

from lxml import etree
def elem2dict(node, attributes=True):
    Convert an lxml.etree node tree into a dict.
    result = {}
    if attributes:
        for item in node.attrib.items():
            key, result[key] = item

    for element in node.iterchildren():
        # Remove namespace prefix
        key = etree.QName(element).localname

        # Process element as tree element if the inner XML contains non-whitespace content
        if element.text and element.text.strip():
            value = element.text
            value = elem2dict(element)
        if key in result:
            if type(result[key]) is list:
                result[key] = [result[key], value]
            result[key] = value
    return result

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The function doesn't convert root tag into a dict. So you should care about a root tag outside a recursion if you need it.
for ex. testtest2 will be converted to {a: test1, b: test2} NOT {'root': {a: test1, b: test2}}

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