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PowerShell: Update ActiveDirectory Security Groups #PowerShell #EmbededPost #ActiveDirectory
<#
$Metadata = @{
Title = "Update ActiveDirectory Security Groups"
Filename = "Update-ADSecurityGroups.ps1"
Description = ""
Tags = "powershell, activedirectory, security, groups, update"
Project = ""
Author = "Janik von Rotz"
AuthorContact = "http://janikvonrotz.ch"
CreateDate = "2013-10-07"
LastEditDate = "2014-01-30"
Url = "https://gist.github.com/7137592"
Version = "1.1.1"
License = @'
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Switzerland License.
To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ch/ or
send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.
'@
}
#>
#--------------------------------------------------#
# modules
#--------------------------------------------------#
Import-Module ActiveDirectory
$OUConfigs = @(
@{
OU = "OU=vblusers2,DC=vbl,DC=ch"
GroupSuffix = " Abteilung"
GroupMemberPrefix = "F_"
ParentGroupSuffix = " Abteilungen"
ParentGroupMemberSuffix = " Abteilung"
ExcludeOUs = "Extern","ServiceAccounts","Services"
ExcludeADGroups = "F_Mitarbeiter ohne Arbeitsplatz",
"F_Mitarbeiter mit Arbeitsplatz",
"F_Verwaltungsrat"
}
)
$Tasks = @(
@{
Name = "F_Mitarbeiter mit Arbeitsplatz"
Options = @("CleanGroup","UpdateFromGroups","RemoveGroups","ProcessUsers")
AddGroups = @("vblusers2 Abteilungen")
RemoveGroups = @("F_Mitarbeiter ohne Arbeitsplatz","F_Service Benutzer","F_Archivierte Benutzer")
},
@{
Name = "F_Mitarbeiter"
Options = @("CleanGroup","UpdateFromGroups","RemoveGroups","ProcessUsers")
AddGroups = @("F_Mitarbeiter ohne Arbeitsplatz","F_Mitarbeiter mit Arbeitsplatz")
RemoveGroups = @("F_Archivierte Benutzer")
},
@{
Name = "F_Service Benutzer"
Options = @("CleanGroup","UpdateFromOU","RemoveGroups","IncludeDisabledUsers","ProcessUsers")
AddOU = @("OU=vblusers2,DC=vbl,DC=ch")
RemoveGroups = @("F_Mitarbeiter","F_Archivierte Benutzer")
}
)
$OUConfigs | %{
$OUConfig = $_
Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter "*" -SearchBase $_.OU |
where{$ThisOU = $_; -not ($OUConfig.ExcludeOUs | where{$ThisOU.DistinguishedName -match $_})} | %{
$OUconfig.OU = $_
$ParentGroupName = ($_.Name + $OUconfig.ParentGroupSuffix)
$ParentGroupMembers = Get-ADOrganizationalUnit -Filter * -SearchBase $_.DistinguishedName | %{Get-ADGroup -SearchScope OneLevel -Filter * -SearchBase $_.DistinguishedName | where{$_.Name.EndsWith($OUconfig.ParentGroupMemberSuffix)}} | select -Unique
$ParentGroup = Get-ADGroup -SearchScope OneLevel -Filter {SamAccountName -eq $ParentGroupName -and GroupCategory -eq "Security"} -SearchBase $_.DistinguishedName
$GroupName = ($_.Name + $OUconfig.GroupSuffix)
$GroupMembers = Get-ADGroup -SearchScope OneLevel -Filter * -SearchBase $_.DistinguishedName | where{$_.Name.StartsWith($OUconfig.GroupMemberPrefix) -and ($OUconfig.ExcludeADGroups -notcontains $_.Name)}
$Group = Get-ADGroup -SearchScope OneLevel -Filter{SamAccountName -eq $GroupName -and GroupCategory -eq "Security"} -SearchBase $_.DistinguishedName
if($ParentGroupMembers -and $ParentGroup){
"Update members in parent group: $($ParentGroup.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
Get-ADGroupMember -Identity $ParentGroup | %{Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity $ParentGroup -Members $_ -Confirm:$false}
$ParentGroupMembers | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $ParentGroup -Members $_}
}elseif($ParentGroupMembers -and $ParentGroupMembers.count -gt 1){
"Add parent group: $ParentGroupName." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
New-ADGroup -Name $ParentGroupName -SamAccountName $ParentGroupName -GroupCategory Security -GroupScope Global -DisplayName $ParentGroupName -Path $($_.DistinguishedName) -Description "Department group for $($_.Name)"
$ParentGroupMembers | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $ParentGroupName -Members $_}
}
if($Group -and $GroupMembers){
#"Update members in group: $($Group.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$GroupMembersIS = Get-ADGroupMember -Identity $Group | %{"$($_.DistinguishedName)"}
$GroupMemberTO = $GroupMembers | %{"$($_.DistinguishedName)"}
Get-ADGroupMember -Identity $Group | where{(-not $_.Name.StartsWith($OUconfig.GroupMemberPrefix)) -or ($GroupMemberTO -notcontains $_.DistinguishedName)} | %{
"Remove member: $($_.Name) from group: $($Group.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity $Group -Members $_ -Confirm:$false
}
$GroupMembers | where{($GroupMembersIS -notcontains $_.DistinguishedName)} | %{
"Add member: $($_.Name) to group: $($Group.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $Group -Members $_
}
}elseif($GroupMembers){
"Add group: $GroupName." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
New-ADGroup -Name $GroupName -SamAccountName $GroupName -GroupCategory Security -GroupScope Global -DisplayName $GroupName -Path $($_.DistinguishedName) -Description "Department group for $($_.Name)"
$GroupMembers | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $GroupName -Members $_}
}
}
}
$Tasks | %{
$ADGroup = Get-ADGroup -Identity $_.Name
$Options = $_.Options
if($_.Options -match "CleanGroup"){
"Remove members from: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
Get-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup | %{Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_ -Confirm:$false}
}
if($_.Options -match "UpdateFromOU"){
"Add users from OU: $($_.AddOU) to: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$_.AddOU | %{Get-ADUser -Filter * -SearchBase $_ | where{($Options -match "IncludeDisabledUsers") -or ($Options -notmatch "IncludeDisabledUsers" -and $_.Enabled -eq $true)}} | select -Unique | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_}
}
if($_.Options -match "UpdateFromGroups"){
if($_.Options -match "ProcessUsers"){
"Add users from: $($_.AddGroups) to: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$_.AddGroups | %{Get-ADGroupMember $_ -Recursive | Get-ADUser | where{($Options -match "IncludeDisabledUsers") -or ($Options -notmatch "IncludeDisabledUsers" -and $_.Enabled -eq $true)}} | select -Unique | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_}
}else{
"Add groups: $($_.AddGroups) to: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$_.AddGroups | %{Add-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_}
}
}
if($_.Options -match "RemoveGroups"){
if($_.Options -match "ProcessUsers"){
"Remove users from: $($_.RemoveGroups) in: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$ADGroupMembers = Get-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup
$_.RemoveGroups | %{Get-ADGroupMember $_ -Recursive | Get-ADUser | where{($Options -match "IncludeDisabledUsers") -or ($Options -notmatch "IncludeDisabledUsers" -and $_.Enabled -eq $true) -and ($ADGroupMembers -match $_)}} | select -Unique | %{Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_ -Confirm:$false}
}else{
"Remove groups: $($_.RemoveGroups) in: $($_.Name)." | %{$Message += "`n" + $_; Write-Host $_}
$_.RemoveGroups | %{Remove-ADGroupMember -Identity $ADGroup -Members $_ -Confirm:$false}
}
}
}
Write-PPEventLog $($MyInvocation.InvocationName + "`n`n" + $Message ) -Source "Update Security Groups"
Write-PPErrorEventLog -Source "Update Security Groups" -ClearErrorVariable
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-16"?>
<Task version="1.2" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/windows/2004/02/mit/task">
<RegistrationInfo>
<Date>2013-03-20T14:18:21.6393172</Date>
<Author>Janik von Rotz (http://janikvonrotz.ch)</Author>
<Description>Update Security Groups</Description>
</RegistrationInfo>
<Triggers>
<CalendarTrigger>
<StartBoundary>2013-01-01T02:30:00</StartBoundary>
<Enabled>true</Enabled>
<ScheduleByDay>
<DaysInterval>1</DaysInterval>
</ScheduleByDay>
</CalendarTrigger>
</Triggers>
<Settings>
<MultipleInstancesPolicy>IgnoreNew</MultipleInstancesPolicy>
<DisallowStartIfOnBatteries>true</DisallowStartIfOnBatteries>
<StopIfGoingOnBatteries>true</StopIfGoingOnBatteries>
<AllowHardTerminate>true</AllowHardTerminate>
<StartWhenAvailable>false</StartWhenAvailable>
<RunOnlyIfNetworkAvailable>false</RunOnlyIfNetworkAvailable>
<IdleSettings>
<StopOnIdleEnd>true</StopOnIdleEnd>
<RestartOnIdle>false</RestartOnIdle>
</IdleSettings>
<AllowStartOnDemand>true</AllowStartOnDemand>
<Enabled>true</Enabled>
<Hidden>false</Hidden>
<RunOnlyIfIdle>false</RunOnlyIfIdle>
<WakeToRun>false</WakeToRun>
<ExecutionTimeLimit>P3D</ExecutionTimeLimit>
<Priority>7</Priority>
</Settings>
<Actions Context="Author">
<Exec>
<Command>$PSapps.PowerShell</Command>
<Arguments>$(Get-ChildItem -Path $PSscripts.Path -Filter "Update-ADSecurityGroups.ps1" -Recurse).Fullname</Arguments>
<WorkingDirectory>$PSProfile.Path</WorkingDirectory>
</Exec>
</Actions>
</Task>
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