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Bitly tech talk 4/22/2010
On 4/22 we held a bit.ly tech talk on 'Command Line Fu', where we invited talented hackers to come share their best moves. Please correct my notes and add your fu here!
# @jehiah
# in place file regex replacement
perl -pi -e 's/this/that/g' filename_pattern
# print the last column of a file ($NF stands for 'Number of Fields' or more commonly Last Field).
tail -F access.log | awk '{print $NF}'
# auto re-tail when file is replaced (useful for daemontools/multilog)
tail -F file.log
# shell expansion (easily create backups)
# curly braces expand so "test{a,b}" gets expanded to "testa testb"
cp this.filename{,.backup}
# also useful to open multiple items
mate /bitly/src/svn/bitly/trunk/{opt,bitly2,tornado_v3}
# de-duplicate history
# (source: http://blog.macromates.com/2008/working-with-history-in-bash/)
export HISTCONTROL=erasedups
# append history on shell termination
shopt -s histappend
from @hmason ¶
# .screenrc FOR MAX AWESOME
caption string "%?%F%{= Bk}%? %C%A %D %d-%m-%Y %{= kB} %t%= %?%F%{= Bk}%:%{= wk}%? %n "
hardstatus alwayslastline
hardstatus string '%{= kG}[ %{G}%H %{g}][%= %{= kw}%?%-Lw%?%{r}(%{W}%n*%f%t%?(%u)%?%{r})%{w}%?%+Lw%?%?%= %{g}][%{B} %d/%m %{W}%c %{g}]'
defscrollback 100000
vbell off
# add to your .bash_profile to see your current git branch in your prompt
function parse_git_branch {
git branch --no-color 2> /dev/null | sed -e '/^[^*]/d' -e 's/* \(.*\)/(\1)/'
}
function proml {
local BLUE="\[\033[0;34m\]"
local RED="\[\033[0;31m\]"
local LIGHT_RED="\[\033[1;31m\]"
local GREEN="\[\033[0;32m\]"
local LIGHT_GREEN="\[\033[1;32m\]"
local WHITE="\[\033[1;37m\]"
local LIGHT_GRAY="\[\033[0;37m\]"
case $TERM in
xterm*)
TITLEBAR='\[\033]0;\u@\h:\w\007\]'
;;
*)
TITLEBAR=""
;;
esac
PS1="${TITLEBAR}\
$BLUE[$BLUE\h:\w$GREEN\$(parse_git_branch)$BLUE]\
$LIGHT_GRAY\$ "
PS2='> '
PS4='+ '
}
proml
# from michael ¶
# Mac Terminal open the current working dir in Finder
open .
# how many instances of field N occur in file $file?
awk ‘{print $N}’ $file | sort | uniq –c | sort –nr
# for tab delimited, add
... | awk '{print $1"\t"$2}’ > file.xls
# do something foreach line in a file
foreach item (`cat $file`)
do something >> out
end
# Examples:
1. curl a bunch of URLs in a file
2. grep through files(s) for a bunch of strings
# tolower a file’s contents
cat $file | tr A-Z a-z > out
# alias the most used command to obvious and short
alias l='ls -l'
from the session ¶
# @jehiah: perl to regex replace content in a file inplace
perl -pi -e 's/this/that/g' test
sed -i # can do this as well
# @jehiah recommends using a ? instead of a * in ls and grep to match one char
# given files test1 test2 and test10, use "ls test?" to match only the first two files
# @hmason
# using binary calculator; -l increases the precision
echo '12 /3 ' | bc -l
# @jayridge uses bc for practical things
# @alexlines's version (using RPN)!
dc -e '5 k 12 3 / p'
# aditya is totally famous: http://aditya.sublucid.com/2009/07/09/best-shell-tip-ever-bck-i-search-or-reverse-i-search-for-the-bash-heads/
stty stop undef
# now Ctrl+S takes you forward in history search
# michael
open . # on mac
# in tcsh
foreach url (`cat tmp.txt`)
curl #url -o foo
end
# curls tons of URLs
echo "FOO" | tr A-Z a-z # tr lets you do a regex on a file or command line
alias l='ls -al'
# dave (bug labs)
ls -alF foo asdf # redirect, stderr/stdout
ls -alF foo asdf > out.txt 2>&1
exec >&- # closed stdout
&^ # shortcut for redirecting both stdin and stdout
# copy only files that match a filter while preserving the directory structure
find . -name '*.mp3' # gets list of all mp3s
tar c * # tars to stdout
# So...
find . -name '*.mp3' | tar cT - | (cd ../droid/; tar x) # omg awesome
echi hello bit.ly # oh no typo
^echi^echo # YAY!
!!:gs/echi/echo # global substitution on the last command
# alicia (from bug labs)
xwininfo # copy window ID
recordmydesktop -windowid 0x1a00da1
# writes an .ogv video of activity in the window
# eric (from drop.io) - port forwarding
ssh glitch@24.97.18.70 -L 9999:192.168.1.5:80 # also good for using connections that only block port 80
# alex's lemma to port forwarding
ssh -2 -f -N -R8888:localhost:22 alex@publicmachine # run this from a firewalled machine to allow you to access that machine from outside
# terry - ping tunnel
http://www.cs.uit.no/~daniels/PingTunnel/
# @alexlines
sed -n '28757445{p;q;}' largefile # pull one line from a file
# heewa
find . -type f | grep ".c$" | xargs grep yay # chained greps -- this runs WAY faster than recursive grep because pipe is essentially parallel
find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 | grep *whatever # terry's corrolary - also use -r on xargs to stop running the command if no input on the file
tail -F -u / | grep "YAY" | head -n 1 # look at log file until a certain thing happens
# jehiah
watch date # watch will rerun any command every 2 secs
# terry
echo sdkfjsd sdkfjd sjdfd # if you want the last argument from the command
cat [meta]. # use meta or esc .
# dave (bug labs)
bash
set -o vi
# allows you to edit with vi syntax on the command line
# terry
for i in a b c
do
echo $i
done
# output
a
b
c
# ctrl+r to find, but instead of enter hit ctrl+o send the command and puts next command into your shell buffer
# keep hitting ctrl+o to go back through history
stty sane # fixes your terminal
reset # an alternative
cd - # back to the previous directory
pushd
popd
# @krave and greg want to know how to find things on a port
lsof -i tcp # every open tcp connection
# rich's awesome log tail with color coding script
http://github.com/dimartin
# @alexlines is badass
sb 500
mysql> show variables like 'log_slave_updates';
mysql> set global log_slave_updates = 1; # note you can't access this variable
mysql> show variables like 'log_slave_updates' \G # \G prints results vertically
mysql> select * from user limit 1 \G # paginated!!
# @alexlines won't take no for an answer
mysql> system ps wwaux| grep mysqld
# grap pid
mysql> system gdb -p 2788 -ex "set opt_log_slave_updates=1" -batch #
mysql> show variables like 'log_slave_updates' \G # note it's now been updated to 'ON'
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