Run commands on remote Docker host
This is how to connect to another host with your docker client, without modifying your local Docker installation or when you don't have a local Docker installation.
Enable Docker Remote API
First be sure to enable the Docker Remote API on the remote host. This can easily be done with a container.
For HTTP connection use jarkt/docker-remote-api.
For HTTPS connection use whiledo/docker-remote-api-tls.
Download docker client
If you don't have a local Docker installation, you need to download the docker client, which is a simple executable.
You find the docker client for Linux, MacOS and Windows on Install Docker from binaries.
Download it from the "i386"-links to get only the client executable.
Set alias (for Linux)
For HTTP connection set the following alias:
alias dockerx="docker -H=your-remote-server.org:2375"
For HTTPS connection set the following alias:
alias dockerx="docker --tlsverify -H=your-remote-server.org:2376 --tlscacert=/home/me/docker-tls/ca.pem --tlscert=/home/me/docker-tls/cert.pem --tlskey=/home/me/docker-tls/key.pem"
Create .bat file (for Windows)
Create a file "docker.bat".
For HTTP connection the content of the bat file should be:
docker -H=your-remote-server.org:2375 %*
For HTTPS connection the content of the bat file should be:
docker --tlsverify -H=your-remote-server.org:2376 --tlscacert=C:\users\me\docker-tls\ca.pem --tlscert=C:\users\me\docker-tls\cert.pem --tlskey=C:\users\me\docker-tls\key.pem %*
HTTPS connection configuration
Docker's Remote API client authentication works with certificates. See Protect the Docker daemon socket to create server and client certificates. You can also use this script to create the certificates.
Copy ca.pem (CA certificate), cert.pem (client certificate) and key.pem (client's private key) in /home/me/docker-tls/ or C:\users\me\docker-tls.
Now you can run commands on the remote machine with
dockerx (Linux) or
docker.bat (Windows) instead of