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urllib2 vs requests
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import urllib2
gh_url = 'https://api.github.com'
req = urllib2.Request(gh_url)
password_manager = urllib2.HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm()
password_manager.add_password(None, gh_url, 'user', 'pass')
auth_manager = urllib2.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(password_manager)
opener = urllib2.build_opener(auth_manager)
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
handler = urllib2.urlopen(req)
print handler.getcode()
print handler.headers.getheader('content-type')
# ------
# 200
# 'application/json'
#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import requests
r = requests.get('https://api.github.com', auth=('user', 'pass'))
print r.status_code
print r.headers['content-type']
# ------
# 200
# 'application/json'
@wanggalex
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so we are always use requests Module, the urllib2 is so complex....right?

@prakashr85
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I am using kerberos authenticated login for sharepoint. Please help me to port to requests lib for the below code

opener = urllib2.build_opener()
opener.add_handler(HTTPKerberosAuthHandler())
site = SharePointSite(url, opener=opener)
size_list = site.lists["02D82CEF-7A32-4DF0-AF30-F082F7B7345"]

@source-creator
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Unfortunately, code to format an url with requests is longer and more bloated than urllib:

# requests
from requests import Request
url = Request(None, 'http://example.com/?', params={'Data1': 'data'}).prepare().url

# urllib
import urllib
url = 'http://example.com/?' + urllib.parse.urlencode({'Data1': 'data'})

@SunnyMarkLiu
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amazing job!

@S-Alvanides
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Ehm.... Just installed Requests in Python 2.7.11
but the original example 1_requests.py:
r = requests.get('https://api.github.com', auth=('user', 'pass'))
returns r.status_code = 401 (instead of 200)
and r.text = {"message":"Bad credentials","documentation_url":"https://developer.github.com/v3"}
Suggestions?

@kennethreitz
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Author

@seraf69 you have to provide your own credentials :)

@techite
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techite commented Jan 27, 2016

I have been reading about you for quite long and it actually inspired me to work out on Python. I strongly feel that "requests" is one of the most amazing things a single person could initiate! Thanks a tonne - it actually makes several possibilities easier.

@richoco196
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Any help, i have been trying to use this header file: from urllib2.requests import urlopen anytime i use it i do get error message saying: No module named requests

@MoroJr
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MoroJr commented Feb 23, 2016

@richoco196, first of, requests is a module, urllib2 is another module ; based on the received error, you don't have the module requests installed.

@hxzqlh
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hxzqlh commented May 10, 2016

So what? You want to make a big news?Too simple,sometimes naive.As an older, I need to give you some personal experiences,:Stay young, stay simple,and you will make a big money!

@vog
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vog commented Aug 24, 2016

The comment by hxzqlh has exactly nothing to do with the topic, and doesn't make sense at all. Is hxzqlh the account of a spam bot?

@FaizalReza007
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FaizalReza007 commented Sep 15, 2016

Hi @kennethreitz

Windows : 10
python: 3.5

I am using the below code and I want to retrieve the list of emails count to 2. I am getting the error 401.

import urllib
import requests
from requests.auth import HTTPBasicAuth
resp = requests.get('https://secure.p03.eloqua.com/API/REST/1.0/assets/emails', headers={"content-type":"application/json"}, auth=HTTPBasicAuth(site, user, password))
if resp.status_code !=200:
print(resp.status_code)

response_parameters

I also want to make some post requests but I am not quite sure on how to add parameters in python with OAUTH2.
take a look at link below
http://docs.oracle.com/cloud/latest/marketingcs_gs/OMCAB/index.html#Developers/RESTAPI/1.0 Endpoints/Emails/post-assets-email.htm%3FTocPath%3D%2520REST%2520API%7C1.0%2520Endpoints%7CEmails%7C_____1

@mayankrungta
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I like the crisp syntax of requests but this article here builds a strong case for httplib2 -

http://www.diveintopython3.net/http-web-services.html

This might help decide.

@hackrade
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anybody please tell how to add these request scripts to setup.py becase for latest version of kali some tools required to add requset-python to stepup.py

@jpyper
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jpyper commented Nov 23, 2016

That's what's nice about Python and open languages and libraries. It's really not a matter of which library is best for the task at hand, but which one works the way you need it to. As I read through this whole thread, I kept thinking to myself this isn't https://codegolf.stackexchange.com/ ... :-)

@rohan-ramesh
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Great gist, but I find your comparison unfair. The urllib2 version uses verbose variables in high quantity, whereas the requests version uses one single-character variable. This only makes a slight difference, though, and this can also be attributed to traditional coding style. Doesn't change the fact that requests is overall simpler to grasp and more often than not shorter.

@jemshit
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jemshit commented Dec 26, 2017

I missed Retrofit :/

@mohamuud
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mohamuud commented Sep 2, 2018

Lol requests (pow + simple)^2

@martinmogusu
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Simple. Clear. Elegant... This is definitely my role model when it comes to building a python library...

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ghost commented Feb 18, 2019

Requests is simply wonderful!
Although a little unfair.
@kennethreitz

@HeyITGuyFixIt
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Now how does urllib3 compare?

@debambi
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debambi commented Jan 3, 2020

Now how does urllib3 compare?

urllib2 vs urllib3 vs requests

@debambi
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debambi commented Jan 3, 2020

@trami996
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trami996 commented Jun 8, 2021

Và có vẻ như bạn có thể đơn giản hóa nó hơn nữa:

nhp  urllib2 
tbase64  nhp  b64encode

yêu cu  =  urllib2 . Yêu cu ( 'https://api.github.com/user' )  <meta property="fb:pages" content="112008217311363" /> _header ( 'Ủy quyền' , 'Cơ bản'  +  b64encode ( 'user'  +  ':'  +  'pass' ))
 r  =  urllib2 . urlopen ( yêu cu )

in  r . getcode ()
 print  r . headers [ "content-type" ]
 print  r . tiêu đề [ "X-RateLimit-Limit" ]

Vì vậy, nó chỉ có 3 dòng và nó tương thích với urllib2cuộc gọi thông thường . Vì vậy, mặc dù API của urllib2thực sự không tốt, nhưng nó không tệ như ví dụ ban đầu của bạn. Vì vậy, tôi nghĩ rằng bạn nên sử dụng phiên bản 3 dòng này để thay thế cho công bằng.

CHỈNH SỬA: Đảm bảo rằng bạn sử dụng b64encodechức năng trên. Sau đó, bạn không cần xóa dấu '\ n' theo sau khỏi chuỗi.

CHỈNH SỬA 2: Đơn giản hơn một chút. Tôi nghĩ nó đơn giản như bây giờ.

@mangalan516
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It's look interesting guys keep going.

@chajun2106
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chajun2106 commented Jun 23, 2021

Já utilizaram request no Plone versão 4.3.18? Com os mesmo códigos sugeridos, tenho no Plone resposta de "Privilegios Insuficientes."

Have you already used request in Plone version 4.3.18? With the same suggested codes, I have "Insufficient Privileges" in Plone.

@itczl22
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itczl22 commented Nov 10, 2021

nice

@abdallaabdalrhman
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import requests
response = requests.get("https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Python")
print(response)
print(response.status_code)

@cyrusDev1
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Really simple

@HGStyle
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HGStyle commented Dec 31, 2022

URLLIB (Python3)

from urllib import urlopen
r = urlopen('https://google.com/')
print(r.read().decode())
print(r.code)

Requests (Python3)

from requests import get
r = get('https://google.com/')
print(r.text)
print(r.status_code)

4 lines in each code !
But yes, when (like in the example) you want to login to a website, thats annother thing...
URLLIB is great for little things if you cant download Requests.
Requests is really better because Python code with Requests its a lot more human-readable.

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