Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

What would you like to do?
hardening script for an alpine docker container
set -x
set -e
# Docker build calls this script to harden the image during build.
# NOTE: To build on CircleCI, you must take care to keep the `find`
# command out of the /proc filesystem to avoid errors like:
# find: /proc/tty/driver: Permission denied
# lxc-start: The container failed to start.
# lxc-start: Additional information can be obtained by \
# setting the --logfile and --logpriority options.
adduser -D -s /bin/sh -u 1000 user
sed -i -r 's/^user:!:/user:x:/' /etc/shadow
# Avoid error `Only root may specify -c or -f` when using
# ForceCommand with `-f` option at non-root ssh login.
chmod u-s /usr/sbin/login_duo
# /etc/duo/login_duo.conf must be readable only by user 'user'.
chown user:user /etc/duo/login_duo.conf
chmod 0400 /etc/duo/login_duo.conf
# Ensure strict ownership and perms.
chown root:root /usr/bin/github_pubkeys
chmod 0555 /usr/bin/github_pubkeys
# Be informative after successful login.
echo -e "\n\nApp container image built on $(date)." > /etc/motd
# Improve strength of diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256 (Custom DH with SHA2).
# See
# Columns in the moduli file are:
# Time Type Tests Tries Size Generator Modulus
# This file is provided by the openssh package on Fedora.
if [[ -f ${moduli} ]]; then
cp ${moduli} ${moduli}.orig
awk '$5 >= 2000' ${moduli}.orig > ${moduli}
rm -f ${moduli}.orig
# Remove existing crontabs, if any.
rm -fr /var/spool/cron
rm -fr /etc/crontabs
rm -fr /etc/periodic
# Remove all but a handful of admin commands.
find /sbin /usr/sbin ! -type d \
-a ! -name login_duo \
-a ! -name nologin \
-a ! -name setup-proxy \
-a ! -name sshd \
-a ! -name \
# Remove world-writable permissions.
# This breaks apps that need to write to /tmp,
# such as ssh-agent.
find / -xdev -type d -perm +0002 -exec chmod o-w {} +
find / -xdev -type f -perm +0002 -exec chmod o-w {} +
# Remove unnecessary user accounts.
sed -i -r '/^(user|root|sshd)/!d' /etc/group
sed -i -r '/^(user|root|sshd)/!d' /etc/passwd
# Remove interactive login shell for everybody but user.
sed -i -r '/^user:/! s#^(.*):[^:]*$#\1:/sbin/nologin#' /etc/passwd
# Remove apk configs.
find $sysdirs -xdev -regex '.*apk.*' -exec rm -fr {} +
# Remove crufty...
# /etc/shadow-
# /etc/passwd-
# /etc/group-
find $sysdirs -xdev -type f -regex '.*-$' -exec rm -f {} +
# Ensure system dirs are owned by root and not writable by anybody else.
find $sysdirs -xdev -type d \
-exec chown root:root {} \; \
-exec chmod 0755 {} \;
# Remove all suid files.
find $sysdirs -xdev -type f -a -perm +4000 -delete
# Remove other programs that could be dangerous.
find $sysdirs -xdev \( \
-name hexdump -o \
-name chgrp -o \
-name chmod -o \
-name chown -o \
-name ln -o \
-name od -o \
-name strings -o \
-name su \
\) -delete
# Remove init scripts since we do not use them.
rm -fr /etc/init.d
rm -fr /lib/rc
rm -fr /etc/conf.d
rm -fr /etc/inittab
rm -fr /etc/runlevels
rm -fr /etc/rc.conf
# Remove kernel tunables since we do not need them.
rm -fr /etc/sysctl*
rm -fr /etc/modprobe.d
rm -fr /etc/modules
rm -fr /etc/mdev.conf
rm -fr /etc/acpi
# Remove root homedir since we do not need it.
rm -fr /root
# Remove fstab since we do not need it.
rm -f /etc/fstab
# Remove broken symlinks (because we removed the targets above).
find $sysdirs -xdev -type l -exec test ! -e {} \; -delete
Copy link

ellerbrock commented Dec 3, 2016

very cool - thanks for the work!
since this post is over a year old i just wanted to ask if the script is still up to date or if things should get updated in some way?

do you have some more some more recommendation how to harden alpine linux?
i love it because its so lightweight but still so quick to setup thanks to the package manager apk.
on what im setting up so far right now is more the development part, for production i was thinking to get a closer look in coreos.
whats your opinion about the coreos and similars?

cheers maik


Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment