Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@kylieCat

kylieCat/main.go

Forked from enricofoltran/main.go
Created Jan 9, 2018
Embed
What would you like to do?
A simple golang web server with basic logging, tracing, health check, graceful shutdown and zero dependencies
package main
import (
"context"
"flag"
"fmt"
"log"
"net/http"
"os"
"os/signal"
"sync/atomic"
"time"
)
type key int
const (
requestIDKey key = 0
)
var (
listenAddr string
healthy int32
)
func main() {
flag.StringVar(&listenAddr, "listen-addr", ":5000", "server listen address")
flag.Parse()
logger := log.New(os.Stdout, "http: ", log.LstdFlags)
logger.Println("Server is starting...")
router := http.NewServeMux()
router.Handle("/", index())
router.Handle("/healthz", healthz())
nextRequestID := func() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("%d", time.Now().UnixNano())
}
server := &http.Server{
Addr: listenAddr,
Handler: tracing(nextRequestID)(logging(logger)(router)),
ErrorLog: logger,
ReadTimeout: 5 * time.Second,
WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,
IdleTimeout: 15 * time.Second,
}
done := make(chan bool)
quit := make(chan os.Signal, 1)
signal.Notify(quit, os.Interrupt)
go func() {
<-quit
logger.Println("Server is shutting down...")
atomic.StoreInt32(&healthy, 0)
ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), 30*time.Second)
defer cancel()
server.SetKeepAlivesEnabled(false)
if err := server.Shutdown(ctx); err != nil {
logger.Fatalf("Could not gracefully shutdown the server: %v\n", err)
}
close(done)
}()
logger.Println("Server is ready to handle requests at", listenAddr)
atomic.StoreInt32(&healthy, 1)
if err := server.ListenAndServe(); err != nil && err != http.ErrServerClosed {
logger.Fatalf("Could not listen on %s: %v\n", listenAddr, err)
}
<-done
logger.Println("Server stopped")
}
func index() http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
if r.URL.Path != "/" {
http.Error(w, http.StatusText(http.StatusNotFound), http.StatusNotFound)
return
}
w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=utf-8")
w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
fmt.Fprintln(w, "Hello, World!")
})
}
func healthz() http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
if atomic.LoadInt32(&healthy) == 1 {
w.WriteHeader(http.StatusNoContent)
return
}
w.WriteHeader(http.StatusServiceUnavailable)
})
}
func logging(logger *log.Logger) func(http.Handler) http.Handler {
return func(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
defer func() {
requestID, ok := r.Context().Value(requestIDKey).(string)
if !ok {
requestID = "unknown"
}
logger.Println(requestID, r.Method, r.URL.Path, r.RemoteAddr, r.UserAgent())
}()
next.ServeHTTP(w, r)
})
}
}
func tracing(nextRequestID func() string) func(http.Handler) http.Handler {
return func(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
requestID := r.Header.Get("X-Request-Id")
if requestID == "" {
requestID = nextRequestID()
}
ctx := context.WithValue(r.Context(), requestIDKey, requestID)
w.Header().Set("X-Request-Id", requestID)
next.ServeHTTP(w, r.WithContext(ctx))
})
}
}
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment