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Created February 6, 2021 18:22
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MPOW BH456A Bluetooth USB Adapter Kernel Module Adjustements (Realtek RTL8761B chip)


The MPOW Bluetooth 5 dongle (Model: BH456A) does not work out of the box on Ubuntu 20.04 (kernel 5.4.0-42).


Patch the bluetooth kernel module and copy the firmware binaries to /lib/firmware.

Copy the fimware

MPOW hosts a linux driver on their homepage. Download it via:


Extract the contents

tar xvf mpow_MPBH456AB_driver+for+Linux.tgz

and copy the firmware files to the appropriate system directory

sudo cp $SRCDIR/rtl8761bu_fw /lib/firmware/rtl_bt/rtl8761b_fw.bin
sudo cp $SRCDIR/rtl8761bu_config /lib/firmware/rtl_bt/rtl8761b_config.bin

Patch the bluetooth kernel module

This patch fixed a bug in the bluetooth module wrongly identifying the bluetooth chip as another version. For reference, I added the patch to this gist.

To fix this, get the kernel source

git clone --depth 1 --single-branch --branch master git://

for your ubuntu version. Change master for whatever version you are on if its different.

Then apply the patch with

patch -p 1 <  2-1-1-Bluetooth-btrtl-Add-support-for-RTL8761B.diff

and fix possible conflicts.

Then its time to build the bluetooth module.

First copy the old driver

sudo cp -r /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/drivers/bluetooth
/lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/drivers/bluetooth_bak

Inside the cloned repository first get the current kernels config

make oldconfig
make prepare
make scripts

and build the bluetooth module

cd drivers/bluetooth
make -C /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/build M=$(pwd) modules

and copy the ko module files to the systems module dir which we backed up before.

sudo cp *.ko /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/kernel/drivers/bluetooth

This will overwrite the existing modules. Running make install didn't work for me because of a missing certification error. Probably the official Ubuntu kernel is signed.

I don't have secure boot activated, so for we unsigned drivers work fine.

Now reboot and everything should be fine.

diff --git a/drivers/bluetooth/btrtl.c b/drivers/bluetooth/btrtl.c
index 67f4bc21e7c5..3a9afc905f24 100644
--- a/drivers/bluetooth/btrtl.c
+++ b/drivers/bluetooth/btrtl.c
@@ -130,12 +130,19 @@ static const struct id_table ic_id_table[] = {
.cfg_name = "rtl_bt/rtl8821c_config" },
/* 8761A */
+ { IC_INFO(RTL_ROM_LMP_8761A, 0xa),
.config_needed = false,
.has_rom_version = true,
.fw_name = "rtl_bt/rtl8761a_fw.bin",
.cfg_name = "rtl_bt/rtl8761a_config" },
+ /* 8761B */
+ { IC_INFO(RTL_ROM_LMP_8761A, 0xb),
+ .config_needed = false,
+ .has_rom_version = true,
+ .fw_name = "rtl_bt/rtl8761b_fw.bin",
+ .cfg_name = "rtl_bt/rtl8761b_config" },
/* 8822C with UART interface */
@@ -267,6 +274,7 @@ static int rtlbt_parse_firmware(struct hci_dev *hdev,
{ RTL_ROM_LMP_8723B, 9 }, /* 8723D */
{ RTL_ROM_LMP_8821A, 10 }, /* 8821C */
{ RTL_ROM_LMP_8822B, 13 }, /* 8822C */
+ { RTL_ROM_LMP_8761A, 14 }, /* 8761B */
min_size = sizeof(struct rtl_epatch_header) + sizeof(extension_sig) + 3;
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