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Python Selenium - Open new tab / focus tab / close tab

On a recent project, I ran into an issue with Python Selenium webdriver. There's no easy way to open a new tab, grab whatever you need and return to original window opener.

Here's a couple people who ran into the same complication:

So, after many minutes (read about an hour) of searching, I decided to do find a quick solution to this problem.

First thing, I've broken down all the steps that were required to do by my program:

  1. Open a new window/tab by simulating a click on a link
  2. Add focus on this new tab
  3. Wait for an element on the new page to be rendered (ui.WebDriverWait)
  4. Do whatever I have to do on this new page
  5. Close the tab
  6. Return focus on original window opener

Easy solution

  • First off, we import our packages:

    import selenium.webdriver as webdriver
    import selenium.webdriver.support.ui as ui
    from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
    from time import sleep    
  • Let's do it:

    browser = webdriver.Firefox()
    browser.get('https://www.google.com?q=python#q=python')
    first_result = ui.WebDriverWait(browser, 15).until(lambda browser: browser.find_element_by_class_name('rc'))
    first_link = first_result.find_element_by_tag_name('a')
    
    # Save the window opener (current window, do not mistaken with tab... not the same)
    main_window = browser.current_window_handle
    
    # Open the link in a new tab by sending key strokes on the element
    # Use: Keys.CONTROL + Keys.SHIFT + Keys.RETURN to open tab on top of the stack 
    first_link.send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + Keys.RETURN)
    
    # Switch tab to the new tab, which we will assume is the next one on the right
    browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + Keys.TAB)
        
    # Put focus on current window which will, in fact, put focus on the current visible tab
    browser.switch_to_window(main_window)
    
    # do whatever you have to do on this page, we will just got to sleep for now
    sleep(2)
    
    # Close current tab
    browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.CONTROL + 'w')
    
    # Put focus on current window which will be the window opener
    browser.switch_to_window(main_window)

Simple!

@FranicevicNikola
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FranicevicNikola commented Apr 2, 2020

    This works for me, on windows 10 and Firefox 70

    main_window= driver.current_window_handle
    #Open a new tab in blank
    driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
    # Switch to the new window
    driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
    **#Change the url in the .get**
    driver.get("https://gist.github.com/lrhache/7686903")
    sleep(2)
    print("DO things")
    #Close Current Tab
    driver.close()
     #Focus to the main window
    driver.switch_to.window(main_window)

THANK YOU!

@falgom4
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falgom4 commented May 23, 2020

I'm using Mac OSX with selenium with Chrome webdriver, tried to use
browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.COMMAND + Keys.NUMPAD2)
and
browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.COMMAND+ 't'),
but neither worked.
So I had to use
browser.execute_script('''window.open("about:blank", "_blank");''') which finally worked.

thanks!! This works on IE and Win7

driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
#do stuff
driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[0])

@thevipinsaini
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thevipinsaini commented Aug 28, 2020

    This works for me, on windows 10 and Firefox 70

    main_window= driver.current_window_handle
    #Open a new tab in blank
    driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
    # Switch to the new window
    driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
    **#Change the url in the .get**
    driver.get("https://gist.github.com/lrhache/7686903")
    sleep(2)
    print("DO things")
    #Close Current Tab
    driver.close()
     #Focus to the main window
    driver.switch_to.window(main_window)

Wonderful!
I am using windows 10 and chrome brower. Changing my code from this driver.execute_script("window.open('')") to this driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blank'") solved the problem.

@kwamena98
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kwamena98 commented Aug 29, 2020

I'm using Mac OSX with selenium with Chrome webdriver, tried to use
browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.COMMAND + Keys.NUMPAD2)
and
browser.find_element_by_tag_name('body').send_keys(Keys.COMMAND+ 't'),
but neither worked.
So I had to use
browser.execute_script('''window.open("about:blank", "_blank");''') which finally worked.

Thanks, it worked for me

@medelmaimouni
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medelmaimouni commented Nov 15, 2020

Thanks man! it helped a lot, you saved my day

@hirios
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hirios commented Mar 8, 2021

    This works for me, on windows 10 and Firefox 70
        main_window= driver.current_window_handle
        #Open a new tab in blank
        driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
        # Switch to the new window
        driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
        #Change the url in the .get
        driver.get("https://gist.github.com/lrhache/7686903")
        sleep(2)
        print("DO things")
        #Close Current Tab
        driver.close()
         #Focus to the main window
        driver.switch_to.window(main_window)

Thanks Bro!! <3

@dheeraj07
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dheeraj07 commented Apr 6, 2021

but

    This works for me, on windows 10 and Firefox 70
        main_window= driver.current_window_handle
        #Open a new tab in blank
        driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
        # Switch to the new window
        driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
        #Change the url in the .get
        driver.get("https://gist.github.com/lrhache/7686903")
        sleep(2)
        print("DO things")
        #Close Current Tab
        driver.close()
         #Focus to the main window
        driver.switch_to.window(main_window)

But this opens in a new window, any idea how to open in new tab?

@nikhilpatidar
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nikhilpatidar commented Jul 18, 2021

i want to do it in android what should i do ?????

@carevjr
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carevjr commented Sep 16, 2021

Amazing boys!! This is exactly what I was looking for!
Works smoothly on Windows 10 using Chrome tkss

    This works for me, on windows 10 and Firefox 70
        main_window= driver.current_window_handle
        #Open a new tab in blank
        driver.execute_script("window.open(''),'_blannk'")
        # Switch to the new window
        driver.switch_to.window(driver.window_handles[1])
        #Change the url in the .get
        driver.get("https://gist.github.com/lrhache/7686903")
        sleep(2)
        print("DO things")
        #Close Current Tab
        driver.close()
         #Focus to the main window
        driver.switch_to.window(main_window)

Thanks Bro!! <3

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